Thus, communism wants to abolish state structure after attaining the goal of classless society. On the other hand, the exponents of socialism regard state as a positive institution which can effectively implement the economic principles of socialism. They believe that the rights of the wage-earners are better safeguarded when all economic activities are carried out within the rules and regulations enacted by the
This work will look at Marx’s concepts of exploitation and how Marx’s comes to his theory of exploitation. This will include looking at how Marx viewed capitalist society and how this capitalist society was created. This will enable an explanation of exploitation. Karl Marx (1818-1883) is thought of as one of the founding fathers of sociology and his work in the mid nineteen hundreds is still discussed and taught today throughout the world. Marx developed an understanding of the term capitalism, as historic events such as the French Revolution 1789-1799 and the Industrialisation became key to a change in society.
Marx thought that social stratification is created by the unequal access to the productive properties. The capitalist or also called the bourgeoisie, exploit their workers by only paying them as much as necessary to scratch a living. The workers are not aware of their invidious position as they take the ideologies, norms and values which the capitalists promotes, for granted. Marx predicted a revolution of the workers. He believed that the proletariat will become aware of its misery and will unite to overthrow the capitalists and capitalism.
Germans had allowed Hitlers’ party to be their government structure because Hitler had promised to solve their economic problems. He had used many effective strategies to do so such as brainwashing, telling people they were superior race, and using dictatorships. The Nazi Party could have been avoided if the politicians weren’t so concerned with losing, and thinking they could control Hitler, which is now know that they couldn’t. It’s important to study the Nazi power so we can stop the ideology that one race is superior and help prevent another
According to Marx there are only two classes which exist: Bourgeoisie, which means powerful or dominant class and Proletariat, which means the peasant or working classes. Bourgeoisie, which gains the power, defines superstructure “including all social and legal institution, all political and educational systems, all religions and all art” (Bressler, 162), and articulate the ideology which is based on profits of bourgeoisie. The bourgeoisie ideology leads to alienation of individuals, especially proletariats. This bourgeoisie ideology creates the clash between the two classes. Marx supported the working class and their victory over dominant class.
He has shown that as long as capitalism is there, the threat of fascism is always there. The crisis in capitalism which leads to the economic misery of the masses produces fascism. Thus, the ultimate cure of fascism is to uproot capitalism itself. However, it must be prevented whenever and wherever the fascist party rises. One of the reasons for the failure to prevent the Nazi party was lack of united opposition to it.
The phrase “soviet nationalism” is well known to be an oxymoron, as the Soviet Union had always been foremost a Marxist state (Marxism labels nationalism a "bourgeois phenomenon”). Stalin, naturally a Marxist, initially attempted to thwart competition between the contrasting ideologies of nationalism and Marxism within the Russian Empire after the triumph of the October Revolution in 1917, harshly suppressing nationalist movements within the Soviet Union’s borders. However, nationalist ideology gained popularity in surrounding countries and among other world powers until it emerged as an external threat, especially in the form of Hitler's Nazi Germany. In order to combat the Nazi threat, Stalin was forced to sow the seeds of nationalism within Russia. Most famously, he turned World War II into a "Great Patriotic War" for "Mother Russia," an idea that stood in total opposition to traditional Marxist ideology.
The purpose of this reflective journal is to give my opinion and or thoughts on the video titled, “As a Friend and Foe”. To begin, I think it is an atrocity that these injustices have historically happened to workers who only wanted better wages and an overall better working life. The fact that in some of the cases discussed in the video these workers got injured, jailed or even killed for fighting for what they believe in. These attacks where then excused and the general population was being fed propaganda using the fear of “bolshevism” to justify the repression of workers. As defined, “bolshevism” is the communist form of government adopted in Russia following the Bolshevik revolution of 1917.
Karl Marx (1818–1883) was the most essential of all scholars of socialism. Marx's vision depended on a transformative purpose of flight. Society was included as a moving parity of contradictory strengths that produce social change by their pressure and struggle. Struggle, instead of quiet development, was the motor of advancement; strife was the father for all things, and social clash was the center of the authentic procedure. Marx trusted that the premise of the social request in each general public is the creation of monetary merchandise.
The Marxist ideology was first put forth by Karl Marx. Marx was a well-known German philosopher, economist, and political theorist, who desired a world that was favorable for the working class. He saw how poorly workers were being treated in many capitalist nations and he wanted to change this. Under Marxist policies, all workers would be treated equally and big, private businesses would not exist. These radical and revolutionary ideals would later become very popular in countries like Russia, Cuba, Vietnam, North Korea, and China.