The Cold War is often seen as a dark time in American history, not just because of the international conflict, but because of the strife it caused within the United States itself. During the Cold War, the general culture in America was fearful and paranoid about the rise and spread of Communism within their society. One example of how this hysteria manifested is illustrated in the movie, Trumbo, which tells the story of when the Hollywood industry blacklisted famous writer Dalton Trumbo, along with other workers in the industry, who were connected to Communism. Dalton Trumbo and his associates faced bigotry and were effectively attacked for standing by their ideals, which was a reflection of how American culture had changed at that time. By using this film, I will be examining this incident in American history, and how it affected American society and culture, by analyzing the themes of prejudice, freedom of expression, and patriotism.
Totalitarianism is a one of the most brutal form of political tyranny and is based on the assumption that there is a single and exclusive truth in politics. The main aim of totalitarian regime can be considered as elimination of freedom and individuality, establishing a centralized system that controls public and private lives of its citizens. The economic depression in 20th century after World War One led to the rise of different totalitarian systems in various places. The transformation of Russian Empire from a rural country to a Socialist dictatorship, the imperial ambitions of Germany under Hitler’s leadership and thus declaration of one party state- National Socialism, Mao Zedong’s Cultural Revolution which transformed face of China were
These new policies led to even further weakening of the Soviet Union, economically and politically and as a result there were revolutions against the communist governments of many of the Warsaw Pact alliance member (Doyle, 1996). By viewing NATO as an institution, it is clear that NATO was able to win the Cold War because it’s member states believed in achieving a common goal even if it meant giving up on their individual state needs or goals. While the member states of NATO
The circumstances that led up to the Holocaust was the Treaty of Versailles after the Germans lost in WW1. Germany was blamed for the war and were subject to pay very heavy reparations; the cause of these heavy reparations put Germany in a very bad state economically. Due to all of this, Hitler preached that the Jews were to blame and he promised to fix Germany during his political race for leader of Germany. An unmotivated Germany believed Hitler and did everything to elect him because of his very convincing speeches to make Germany a vast and dominating empire once again. The Jews lived very hard lives after the election of Hitler; they were subject to very harsh ways of life and it started out with the release of the Nuremberg Laws.
Effects of Communism on Russia The twentieth century witnessed a great clash of social ideologies. While western countries remained with capitalism, a wave of new ideas sprouted in the east: Communism. Following a power struggle in the Soviet Union after Lenin’s death, the notorious Stalin took power. Gaining his power through force and fear, Stalin alone forever influenced the Soviet Union with his ideals, forming it to what we saw during the cold war, and what we see in current day Russia. Stalin’s power stems from his autocratic power and strict policies.
Dictators such as Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin, and Benito Mussolini rose to power in Europe during 1919-1939. Factors such as poor economy, desperate need for purpose, and fear made Europe grasp onto their final hope--dictators. The rise of nationalism was due to the fall of monarchy. Furthermore, the countries that suffered most from the war was filled with resentment and hatred. The false promises (made by dictators) gave weakened countries hope that one day, they will be powerful again.
In Nazi Germany, the idea that Jews were responsible for the horrible reparations after the Great War was common. It was thought that negroes in the 20th century were lazy panhandlers. The bourgeoisie seeked to rid France of their current politicians because it was assumed that anyone with political power during the king’s reign seeked to overthrow the new government. The term “witch hunt” best describes these scenarios, and it is no coincidence that Arthur Miller writes about the inspiration for the term when he describes McCarthyism in The Crucible. It is through this use of hysteria that influential people gain more power.
This theory (conflict theory) brought capitalism alienates humans that came from their species being and the true human potential. In the 19th century when time was defined as a radical inequality with a lot of technological and political changes in Europe. Marx was thinking of only one question to answer and that was freedom. However, he later found out that once we succeeded freedom, we would get tangled up again in another problem. One of the major problems was the unequal divided resources and that the bourgeoisie would get the most resources while the proletariat would not.
When the modern capitalist society has emerged, capitalism has massively impacted on many social aspects. The system had led to the dissolution and to an end of the Feudal system during the Middle Ages. There are many political thoughts, which consisted of significant frameworks for reforming and making some new changes to the society. This essay will mainly focus on two main political ideologies and identify the differences between these two houses, which are Marx and Mussolini. First, the German thinker, Marx, and a letter called “ Manifesto of the Communist Party”, bring about the concept of communism that was being used in many areas back in the olden days.
The Treaty of Versailles was the Treaty signed by Germany, France, Britain, and the USA in 1919 on June 28th. The “Big Three” all had their personal aggressions towards Germany and as a result the Treaty was rather harsh. The Treaty of Versailles was significant to some extent to Hitler’s rise to power in 1933 because it left the people of Germany vulnerable and confused which made Hitler’s extreme ideas easier to appeal to. Economically, it left Germany’s economy in tatters due to the reparations. Socially, there was the war guilt clause which caused an outrage amongst the German people.