Dostoevsky utilizes his dichotomic image more subtly: bestial physical suffering versus humanist compassion. While Liza fails to redeem the Underground Man due to his complete egoism, Gorianchikov of House of the Dead’s experience of being washed is a metaphorical ‘salvation’ from the ‘sin’ inherent to dehumanizing confinement. Petrov infuses spirituality to an otherwise physical situation. Too, Liza holds hope in her possession of a doctor’s letter, allowing a human spirituality in a situation of physical degradation. Profound love and compassion—as given by Liza to the Underground Man—has healing redemptive qualities, an empathetic love distinct from a landscape of
Julia!”, wherein the truncated syntax reflects his broken spirit as Orwell highlights the inability of the individual to overcome totalitarian oppression. Thus, where Lang glorifies Freder’s success through an uplifting soundtrack, Winston is reduced to a mindless adherent of the Party in the ironic ending “He loved Big Brother,” with his loss of humanity reflecting society’s defeatism after WWII. Therefore, comparing these conflicting perspectives on the power of governments to suppress the individual highlights the dynamic nature of socio-political
In the novel, Orwell presents the world to be in a constant state of war and the only goal being to focus all emotional capabilities of the citizens to hate the enemy and to love big brother, interestingly similar to the methods Hitler used on Germany, stirring up an aggressive form of nationality which deemed everyone else to be inferior. Much like Nazi-Germany’s totalitarian state and the Soviet Union, Orwell combined these two traits into ‘1984’ satirizing any form of governmental totalitarianism, he makes his intentions clearly recognizable to the readers by painting a grim picture in in the novel. He shows how totalitarianism only negatively affects the human spirit and how it is impossible to remain freethinking in such
Totalitarian governments, such as Nazi Germany, and their use of controversial techniques in order to rise power are significant influences on literature, creating parallels between it and novels such as 1984 by George Orwell. The system deployed by the Nazi regime in order to rise to power was undoubtedly, while immoral, very effective in eliciting the results desired by its enforcers. State sponsored murder or execution, prevalent in both Nazi Germany and 1984, were utilized by the government to incite hatred within its citizens. Big Brothers overbearing presence in the citizens lives strikingly resembles the relationship that dictators such as Adolf Hitler held with countries through implementation of similar propaganda techniques seen in
Winston Smith is the protagonist of Orwell’s dystopian novel and represents a non-activist oppressed citizen of Oceania who is unable to conform with the government’s inequitable principles. While in a dialogue with his coworker Syme, he expresses his disdain for the brainwashing Newspeak dictionary “Don’t you see that the whole aim of Newspeak is to narrow the range of thought? […] In fact there will be no thought, as we understand it now.
Marxist beliefs based on humanitarianism made TV Chandran to make films on the subjugation of protagonists under religious fundamentalism, class hierarchy, and apoliticism. Furthermore, TV Chandran viewed social and political alienation as one of the greatest problems in the State, and was greatly moved by the fact that the underprivileged and oppressed are condemned to forgo their identity to the dominance ruling class. This approach is evident in films like, Danny, Ponthan Mada and Padam Onnu
Revolution nurtures a spirit of hatred, and therefore, retaliation within the people. This theme reoccurs in Les Misérables and A Tale of Two Cities as both authors investigate the nature of this hatred. According to Daniel Gordon, sovereignty should be significant in investigating how revolutions manifest. In its simplest form, the sovereign kings steal free will from its society leaving everyone else powerless (Gordon 3). Therefore, the citizens view the revolution with enthusiasm as citizens were rising up in revolt and overthrowing old aristocratic traditions (Glancy 4).
Their adventures lead them into situations, most troublesome, involving people like Old Misery. Greene’s work includes themes of beauty in destruction, the effects of a war on generations, and the rebellion of young teens, showing the connections and effects of progressive ideas and passing time. As Peter P. Clarke explores the parallels between Greene’s “The Destructors” and an essay by Mikhail Bakunin explaining anarchism, a number of connections emerge. The essay, “Reaction in Germany,” shows that moving forward is tied to the destruction of not only physical things but the ideology of the people. The themes of rebellion and beautiful destruction can be traced back to what seems to be the case throughout history - things that are destructive now may be harmless and beautiful at the end.
The text narrates his exploits and their effects on society and his subsequent capture and punishment by the Ticktockman. In a letter to Stephen King, Harlan Ellison identified his works as “foursquare for chaos” and his preference to be acknowledged as a ”troublemaker, malcontent” and “desperado”. The Harlequin’s anarchist and revolutionary actions in a conformist civilization can be viewed as a reflection of the author’s self-characterisation as a maverick. Therefore, the text could be interpreted as an exploration into individualism and its rejection of conformity to societal conventions.
This event marked the beginning of the French Revolution; the people had had enough of the monarchy. Although Louis XVI had a chance to quell the rebellion with force, he was afraid to face conflict and failed to stop the masses (Brown 4). During the raiding of Bastille, the whole royal family was forced to move to Paris, and lived under the careful watch of the National Guard. They were not locked in, and could have left secretly had they chosen to do so. However, Louis was unable to act; if anything, Marie Antoinette was the more decisive on out of the two.
The responder can develop a superior knowledge of dystopian societies through the comparison of Victor Kelleher’s novel ‘Taronga’ and Neil burgers Film ‘Divergent’, as both can be perceived as instable tales. This reveals the destruction of society’s values by one individual; they are compelled to confront the brutality, fear, and misuse of power that results.
In the book of 1984 The people like winston and others that aren’t associated with the Party are stripped of their freedom. They have no rights from being almost enslaved by the Thought Police, they have little to no education rights, and they have absolutely no say in there marriage of who they want to marry. Freedom is a part of who you are supposed to be, if you don’t have freedom then you really aren’t your own
In his novel Of Mice and Men, Steinbeck outlines many corrupt societal structures intended to exploit and demean individuals based on their perceived value: the inherent exploitative nature of the American Dream, the hierarchy of power in America based on an individual 's ability to work, and the way in which oppressive systems are maintained through a mis-projection of anger of the oppressed. The idea of the ‘American Dream’ motivates workers without giving them any actual gratification; individuals are led to believe that success is inevitable and thus abstain from carrying out the necessary work to achieve their long term goals, preventing lower class individuals from entering positions of power. The American Dream is the concept that
Society is made up of multiple factors including individuality and opposition. George Orwell’s 1984 is a novel that depicts a communist dystopian society. Orwell wrote this novel to show what will happen to society under Communist control—more specifically, Joseph Stalin’s control. Orwell presents the reader with a protagonist, Winston, and through Winston, the reader can see the effects of extreme, forced conformity in a society. Through 1984, the reader can conclude that a society as a whole cannot thrive when constrained.