By doing so the hope was that less aggression would happen because if there was aggression it would mean another world war. John Foster Dulles, the Secretary of State, favored more nuclear weapons and wanted to roll communism back (Ayers. 850). Dulles ideas took form in the policy of massive retaliation which meant the
“The Middle East, which has been converted by Russia ,Would today be prized more than ever by international communism.” Thesis: While all Cold War presidents wanted to stop communism,they all had different ideas on how to accomplish that issue. President truman used economic aid. President Eisenhower focused on military aid. President Kennedy used military use.
Many Americans post-world war II were afraid of the spread of communism because of their belief in the domino theory, if one country falls then the rest will too. Under external and internal pressures such as the failure of the Potsdam conference Harry Truman adopted a foreign policy during the early years of the cold war ( the late 40’s) called containment. The objective was to stop the spread of communism around the world by creating military alliances such as NATO ,and providing aid to unstable/weak countries through the Marshall Plan. Unfortunately, like many other U.S foreign policies it was effective at times, but also dreadfully ineffective. In order to combat the continuous spread of communism, Truman passed the Truman doctrine, which allowed for foreign intervention in countries affected by Communism.
Contextualization and introduction The Vietnam War served as a major turning point of the Cold War, during which the American public split in its support of the conflict. As a proxy in the superpower conflict between the United States (US) and the Soviet Union (USSR), the US entered to support the South Vietnamese who were at war against the communist North. To support the South and its Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN), the United States sent military advisory, conducted airstrikes, and committed ground forces with the hope of curbing the growth of communist ideology in the Asian sphere of influence through a communist defeat.
In most of the cases, the decisions have to be made under pressure and within a short time frame. Sometimes, American presidents have to rely on the pieces of advice given to them by their inner circle or the government officials. Inability of US government to perform their duties can have catastrophic effects on the country’s politics. One must admit the fact that numerous blunders have been made by the government of United States during World War II. Although, collateral damage cannot be avoided in case of total wars, still it should be the top priority of the country to preserve their national interests and to try to minimize the overall damage.
To the Americans, this was not a trivial border dispute between two parties somewhere on the map. Instead, they feared that it was the first step in a communist campaign to take over the world - they believed that should one country fell to communism, then others would follow, much like a domino effect. Hence, it is in US’s stance to intervene in this conflict, as per their containment policy. (In fact, in April 1950, the NSC-68, a National Security Council report, had recommended that the US use military force to “contain” communist expansionism “regardless of the intrinsic strategic or economic value of the lands in
The United States offered financial and military support to countries that were engaged in resisting the takeover by communist forces. The policy also allowed the United States to offer support to the forces that were trying to liberate their countries from the communist rule. Given that the communist movement was led by the Soviet Union, the Truman Doctrine allowed the United States to try and lessen their influence around the world. When the Soviet Union fell and communism largely dissipated in the late 1980s, the policy achieved success eventually (Merrill,
Instead, it is Germany’s Military reorganization because it reduced Germany’s military which made them feel weak and trapped which for a nationalism country, it is the worst to no longer feel the pride in your country the you used to. These four ways the Treaty of Versailles punished Germany after WWI helped the Treaty to be the cause of WWII. On that note I will leave you with, do you still believe one document couldn’t have helped to start World War
Government officials agreed with the Espionage and Seditions Acts. The Acts were passed so that people could not say any statements that could interfere with the success of winning the war. People in the United States wanted to win the war, so they were willing to give up some of their rights. In 1918, Charles T. Schenck was convicted because he violated the Espionage Act.
Massive retaliation is using the nuclear weapons without threat and going straight into nuclear war. Another way to stop the spread of communism was the policy of containment, giving economic and military aid to countries at the risk of becoming communism. Communism is an economic and political system in which governments own everything and the government pays each person according to their abilities and needs. Any more countries that become communists will create the domino theory affect, one nation after the next start to fall and by the end, they all fall into communism(Ayers 819-950). All three presidents had figured out how they wanted to handle The Cold War.
Dissimilar to other presidents, Regan facilitated an end to communism around the world through his pro-active stance with the Soviet Union in the following exchanges: the INF Treaty and the Cold War. Regan’s main goal when coming into office was to end the feud with Russia. His first step in doing this was creating the INF Treaty. The INF Treaty happened to be the first stage of progress in ending the cold war. The INF Treaty eventually led to the destruction of 859 American and 1,836 Soviet nuclear missiles.
The end of the Second World War brought dramatic changes to the world, including the role of the United States. In an effort to maintain a global position of dominance, the nation engaged in a Cold War with the Soviet Union. While Americans supported a capitalistic model of society, the Soviets supported a Communist one. These two world powers fought to exchange socioeconomic models for alliance and support from third-world countries. The US was frightened by the spread of Communism, especially to their own nation.
Kennan proposed that the United States aid in the development of democratic countries by giving them economic and political support, military equipment and training, and also waging war against communist regimes if necessary. Rebels would be given support so that they could overthrow the ruling communist governments. Kennan 's ideas were heavily criticized by newspapers, but his idea of blocking the expansion of Soviet influence remained a key interest and main strategy of the United States throughout the Cold War. Containment was first used during the Korean War in which NATO forces intervened and fought off North Korean and Chinese forces from taking over all of Korea and creating a communist government. The Korean War ended
The Soviets` did not agree to most of Truman`s suggestions to ease the tension, however. And although the Soviet Union successfully infiltrated the United States information bases, and therefore knew more about atomic materials in the United States, Truman`s choices can be considered successes as they prevented many dangerous outcomes. Such as when leader of the Soviet Union Joseph Stalin, approved North Korea`s invasion of the South , the United States were able to react in a way that prevented further harm to the situation, however shocked the Americans were at the
The President supported the anti-communist countries and repressive regimes and United Sates assisted military dictators who were elected to the office (932). President Reagan crippled communism influence around the world.