Communism In The Russian Revolution

2331 Words10 Pages
Introduction Russia is generally apportioned the benefit of having introduced a political phenomenon that basically provided an alternative for capitalism; communism. Since this concept was only set in motion at the turn of the 20th century, we can therefore deduce that, to a large extent, Russia is, to most people, synonymous with leaders such as Lenin, Stalin, Khrushchev, and Gorbachev. This supposition is entirely based on the premise that the Russian revolution of 1914 inherently altered the socio-cultural and socio-political direction of the nation, bringing into birth a never before envisioned era where Russia was not ruled by the Tsars, but by simple men; men who spoke to and articulated the needs of the masses. To this extent, communism,…show more content…
However, to believe that communism, a relatively new concept even in Marx’s consideration, is responsible for Russia’s modernization is to apportion ignorance to history as a whole. According to Abbott (2007), the title of the founder of Russian civilization is largely accorded to Peter the great; the man who according to MacLean (n.d), introduced significant reforms in the practice and policy of every aspect of the Russian society. The purpose of this paper, therefore, is to examine why and how Peter the great changed modern Russian, and whether or not he was…show more content…
He inherited an empire that was essentially lagging behind, and transformed it into a mighty name with far-reaching effects. None of the successes of the Tsar comes close to this fact than those brought about by military changes. This is embodied in the subsequent defeats of both the Ottoman Empire and the Swedish Empire, all of which had in previous year’s proven a tough nut to crack. Considering that it is difficult to achieve progressiveness towards modernity without educational and socio-cultural revolution, it is, therefore, necessary to note that Peter’s reforms in these two areas assisted the Russian society to achieve a renaissance of some sorts; essentially, it stimulating knowledge growth and inquiry into other cultural practices. In regards to the economy, the growth of the metallurgical industry and the creation of factories necessitated industrialization, which directly positively affected the living standards of the Russian
Open Document