Originating from Caesar in Latin, tsar was being used more as the Russian monarchs, brought to prominence by Ivan the Terrible. Russia continued to push outward, reaching to central Asia and western Siberia, as well as pioneering the Pacific Ocean. At the time, Russia also moved away from their agricultural economy, looking to Western powers as a model for trade and the economy. Westernization occurred substantially under Peter the Great, greatly helping Russia and in the expansionist sense. Continuing to build upon their empire, Russia pushed eastward, running into different world powers at the time.
One of the biggest reasons is that President Vladimir Putin understands the Russian citizens based on culture, values and norms. Hereby Vladimir Putin was a perfect role model as many Russian citizens he grew in a communist household and had a poor family. Many Russians see Vladimir Putin as their role model to achieve greater success, since he is the true definition of a self-made hard working man. Vladimir Putin portrays some characteristics of a participative leader since Russia is classified as a democracy although he new the Russian culture needed a strong leader that controlled the government through an authoritative leadership style. Vladimir Putin also displays the characteristics of a charismatic leadership, he has proved strong communication skills since he keeps on convincing the Russian citizens to believe in him and his vision for the country for 15 steady years.
Despite being a great leader, Peter had quite a few mistakes, which were usually just as spectacular as his achievements. One huge mistake was not providing the nation with a successor, which led to Russia being in complete jeopardy after his death. In conclusion Peter the great was a charismatic and ambitious leader focused on making Russia a western superpower like all those great nations he had seen in his visits to Europe. He revolutionized the Russian to culture and brought it closer to that of western society unlike the barbaric and dark culture that it was before. He claimed a new port and named it saint petersburg and called it his window to the west and from that point on Russia was a global superpower through the ambition and tactics of one
In his reign, he held many reforms to push Russia to become more westernized (Sattler, 60-61). Two in particular are from the reading passage, Peter the Great's Reforms. In the passage there are two reforms that the tsar had passed. One revolved around a new modernized calendar for Russia. Peter the Great's Reforms stated, "Great Sovereign knows that many European Christian countries as well as Slavic peoples are in complete accord with our Eastern Orthodox Church .
He lived and worked for the benefit of his nation and cared about it. This was evident in many of his acts. «Peter and his immediate succeeders were more concerned with reshaping the present and the future than with reflecting on the shape of the past.» - National identity in Russian culture; Simon Franklin and Emma Widdis, p. 16. During the reign of Peter The Great, In Moscow, there were opened eight pharmacies and closed «zeleynye» shops, which were selling herbs, from which people were dyeing a quick death, and prohibited the sale of wine in those pharmacies. Prohibited the carrying of knives, because during drunk fights people could cut each other, sometimes to death.
Witte understood the wretched and hostile conditions that plagued Russia. There was agricultural inefficiency, incompetence and backwardness on a grand scale, manufacturing output was one of the lowest in Europe, and poor transport and communication inefficiency halted any growth in the economy. Witte knew that industrialization was vital for any progress, and so under Nicholas ll’s reign he came up with a number of reforms such as protective tariffs from foreign goods, foreign investment etc and also managed to put the Russian currency on the gold standard so it could be traded. However his ignorance of the seriousness of the dire grinding poverty caused a great amount of opposition towards the Tsar, thus though successful in modernizing Russia, he failed to appease the majority of the population (90% peasant population) thus the road to revolution and change became all the more
Describing Trotsky as an intelligent young boy, helps to explain why he became such a wise figure during the Russian Revolution. Showing that Trotsky had few friends due to his “intellectual arrogance” expands on why other revolutionaries despised him. Mentioned by spartacus-educational.com “After Trotsky finished schooling in Odessa, he went to Nikolayev, were he was first introduced to the ideas of Karl Marx.” (“Leon Trotsky”) illustrating that it was the beginning of Trotsky’s revolutionary self. Showing that Trotsky was being introduced these ideas early in his life, indicated that he wanted a change in ruling in Russia, even when he was young. Expanding on this topic, Trotsky obviously went to Nikolayev to expand his knowledge on Marxism/Communism in Russia, he seemed to care a lot for his country.
Ziegler (1999) examined that Peters more significant actions to establish the state mainly consisted of the emergence of a representative legislature. Furthermore, he improved the Russian military by generating the Baltic Fleet and increasing the military apparatus to strengthen the state and make it internationally compatible. The focus on war-making and competition with Europe made St. Petersburg the strategic capital city as a ‘window to the West’. Such a link to Western states and societies generated the act of Russia increasingly applying European war technologies and strategies onto its own state. Peter, therefore, modernized Russia geographically, due to the possibility to expand with a strong military and being a valuable competitor, nevertheless, he disregarded European liberal ideologies for the state (Ziegler,
Pyotr Stolypin was appointed in 1906 by Nicholas the second as prime minister. He served as leader at the third Duma and aimed to counter unrest by undertaking reforms that could vastly improve life for the peasants in Russia. His most prominent accomplishments were in farming change. He made it possible for ex-serfs to buy themselves out of the peasant commune and for small strips to be consolidated into capitalist farms, aided by loans from the Peasant Land Bank. About two million households took advantage of these arrangements before 1916 , many moving into the less populated Siberia and Central Asia.