William Hinton, a born member of the Chinese communist reform force, states how peasants were challenging landlords and money lenders, and how “This increasingly explosive force transferred land from the landowners to the peasants”, as shown in Document 6. After the communist party advocated anti-Japanese sentiment, the peasants subsequently found the confidence to challenge landowners with the knowledge that the Japanese had been successfully defeated in part to the power the peasants held, and in part by communist motivation. This led to the breaking down of Chinese land owning infrastructure as peasants revolted. Hinton’s account of the events is very descriptive and as detailed as someone who lived in China during the time of the peasant revolts. Yet, as an American, he was not part of the peasant class and thus would not have been part of the revolts.
However, for Mao Zedong’s followers by eliminating the old spirit of China and through destroying traditional paintings and styles, Chairman Mao’s ideals allowed and gave way to the visual, performing and popular art in China. Art for the Red Guards needed to target political ideals, ideals that Chairman Mao believed would truly change China into a modern place. In other words, it was Chairman Mao who lit the spark of revolution but it was the duty of the Red Guards and the followers of Mao to do “their part of correcting the distortion of
By doing this he would create a collectivist agrarian utopia, or a communist society based on agriculture (Tucker). He was able to use the ideas of this ideal society to gain political power and support from the oppressed masses under the former government. He promised the majority of his population what they deserved as human beings, but no one knew how he would carry out this destruction of the wealthy classes. He sought genocidal tactics to force all people into agriculture and to transform his country into the society that he dreamed of (Thayer). With these ideas, Pol Pot was able to receive public support, but he did not yet have the power necessary to enact his
The story of Jung Chang’s parents shows that the lack of efficient institutions, the stratification of society, and plight of the common man made China vulnerable to nationalism. Through “Wild Swans” one sees that as the Chinese people became more empowered, nationalism became more favorable. Essentially, “Wild Swans” shows how and why Mao was able to influence the Chinese through nationalism. The story of Jung Chang’s parents is the medium through which Chang describes nationalism. From the beginning of “Wild Swans”, one sees the Chinese as a down trodden group of people.
Gene Luen Yang offers a humanistic perspective on western imperialism in China during the late nineteenth century to early twentieth century in his graphic novel Boxers, a tragic narrative about Chinese grassroots resistance against foreign occupation in which an armed revolution ultimately fails. The novel focuses on religious identity, and cultural connections in the face of invasion. Boxers highlights the negative effects of imperialism through clashes between different religions, ideologies and power structures. Therefore, the criticism of western imperialism presented in Boxers could support a world systems theory approach to international relations because it shows to exploitation through westernization and the squandering of cultural
When China was invaded by the Mongols in 1276 C.E. I, a Chinese Confucian scholar, was fascinated with the Mongols endeavor to ingratiate themselves into Confucian China. They adopted many of the policies and rituals that Confucianist pursed. The Mongols also demonstrated the five relationships by displaying the capability and power of their ruler compared to the capability and power of a subject. I believe that Genghis Khan and his descendants are not guilty of genocide and crimes against humanity because they pursued to flatter the people who followed Confucianism, adopted many of their traditions, and spread the Confucian philosophy throughout their
This had a unifying effect on the Chinese culture for thousands of years and is considered an important achievement under the Qin dynasty. Also a style of calligraphy was created which is still used in cards, posters and advertising. Other reforms during Qin rule include standardization of currency, weights and measures.” Some people hold the belief that Qin was a bad leader because they believe he is to bossy. For example, they say “ Qin always had to take control and have everything go his way. Qin killed 460 Confucian scholars, that makes it clear he is a bad leader.” However, this does outline the criteria that defines a bad leader because he was very bossy and did take control of everything.
Though it seems most of the time it’s for their own benefit. This is what Wang Lung does when he tries, and succeeds in moving his family into the upper class. By the end of that process, he realizes that even though being a farmer was difficult, his family was happy, and so was he. It was his family's lineage and the farming villages culture, for him to stay the way he was, to live his life fully as a farmer. He also helped in the demise of a powerful family in the village, ending their reign as the people who lead the area.
The decade of 1928 to 1937 saw some aspects of foreign imperialism, concessions and privileges in China, moderated through diplomacy. The government acted to modernize the legal and penal systems, attempted to stabilize prices, amortize debts, reform the banking and currency systems, build railroads and highways, improve public health facilities, legislate against traffic in narcotics, and augment industrial and agricultural production. Not all of these projects were successfully completed. Efforts were made towards improving education standards; and, in an effort to unify Chinese society, the New Life Movement was launched to encourage Confucian moral values and personal discipline. Guoyu ("National language"), was promoted as a standard tongue,