Indeed, realizing the role of resources use efficiency in sustainable tourism and taking corresponding actions can be essential in increasing profit earning and government revenue within the local community. And more importantly, for the prosperity of all destinations worldwide in the long run. This essay will be divided into three parts. First, the author will briefly introduce sustainable tourism, as well as effective utilization of resources, both daily supplies during traveling and tourism resources in the local community. Second, followed by an analysis of the relationship between resources use efficiency and sustainable tourism, so as to shed some light for decision formulation within the local government.
Many national tourism policies are drafted and actions plans are adopted in this regard. Since the tourism industry provides a lot of benefits to the country, it is imperative for the public and private sectors to improve the satisfaction of the tourists and consequently survive in the competitive tourism industries. Based on the 2018 budget presented by the Prime Minister, Dato Seri Najib Razak, a sum of RM2 billion fund with interest subsidy of 2% is allocated for the Small and Medium Scale Enterprise (SME) tourism industry. It will be provided in term of soft loan to the tour operators. This initiative will create opportunity among youth to venture into the tour operator business, thus providing healthy competition in the tourism industry.
(2011, p. 19) reviewed the constructs that have been used in research on residents’ perception and attitudes towards tourism development. They also indicated that there are positive linkages among personal benefits from tourism development, perceived positive impacts of tourism (about economic, socio/cultural and environmental impacts), satisfaction with the community, and attitude towards additional tourism development (Ko and Stewart, 2002, p.
Sustainability in tourism is based upon 3 dimensions economic, socio-cultural and environmental. According to WTO, Sustainability in Tourism is meeting the needs of today’s tourist and at the same time maintaining and protecting nature and tourist destinations, and increasing the prospects of sustainability in future. Sustainability is extremely important because the growth of Tourism industry is dependent on management of economic, ecological and aesthetic constraints and social compatibility, and at the same time maintaining biodiversity, retaining cultural integrity and developing a system that supports
Social Benefits: Tourism uplifts the true identity of a place or a country by showcasing distinct characteristics of their ways of life, arts, history and culture and also by preservation the customs and tradition which may be at risk. Environmental benefits: Tourism provides financial support for the conservation of ecosystems and natural resource management, making the destination more authentic and desirable to tourist and also it adds more value to the local tourism. Economic Benefits: Tourism provides job opportunity to the community, such as tour guide or hotel housekeeping, travel agent, etc. Indirect Employment is generated through other industries such as agriculture, food production and retail. Tourism also helps in alleviation of poverty in mostly developing countries where tourism is the main source of income.
The objective factors include: policies and local development of sustainable tourism, environmental law and local state of sustainable tourism development, the advantage compare geographical location and role for sustainable tourism development, the comparative advantages of geography and natural potential for sustainable tourism development, the development trend of demand for domestic and foreign sustainable tourism, social infrastructure in general and local in particular for sustainable tourism development and awareness of local communities about sustainable tourism. The subjective factors include: Awareness of the role and importance of formulating strategies for sustainable tourism development of local leaders; local investment for sustainable tourism development; level of management staff and direct construction, implementation planning, tourism development strategy; workforce of the local tourism industry; competitiveness of local tourism businesses; promote the dissemination and promotion of tourism
Home-stay is one of the tourism activities that are based on community involvement which has the potential to expand and develop the rural community. In order to achieve success in this programme, the parties involved, especially the hom-estay operators need to identify the steps that can bring benefits for them. Attention needs to be given towards tourists’ satisfaction so that the home-stay programme can be maintained and will be maintainable for a long period of time. Home-stay accommodation is developing rapidly in a number of localities throughout Viet Nam, have substantially contributed to the promotion of the value of local cultures and poverty-reduction efforts especially with poor and ancient villages. Duong Lam is the first-recognized ancient village in Vietnam.
Bujold（ 1995, 5, cited in Fennell, 2013） defined community development as the process by which the efforts of the people themselves are united with those of governmental authorities to improve economic, social and cultural conditions of that community. Tourism is seen increasingly as a key community development tool, with the recognition of its economic contribution in bolstering stagnating economies and diversifying existing sectors, and its ability to unify community members. Such
According to the research, it has shown that tourism industry in Malaysia is important in economic and social development. Tourism industry is important in culture exchange which helps the combining of cultures and creates a better understanding among people from different regions and countries. It also important to promote Malaysia to the worlds and attract more foreign tourists travel in Malaysia. Increment of foreign tourism travel in Malaysia will increase the nation income, increase the job opportunities and help other industries to grow together. Tourism industry is also important to increase GDP.
But it is being noted that considering the sustainability of the communities, the travel sector has to be sustainable, with minimal impact on the climate. Global climate change has huge consequences, the same tourism sector that benefited the locals can suffer a blow if auto-mobility is not controlled and maintained at sustainable levels. The local tourism sector is an asset to the local economy which in turn effectively contributes to the financial and economic exposure of the international tourism. International tourism is closely related to the roles of local and regional economy. If the local economy sees a notable growth, then it is obvious that the whole international tourism sector will benefit from it.