Throughout American History, revolutions in transportation have affected the American society politically, socially and economically. Soon after the war of 1812, American nationalism increased which leads to a greater emphasis on national issues, the increase in power and prevalence of the national government and a growing sense of the American Identity. Railways, canals, and Turnpikes began to increase making many people employed. The era of 1830-1860 represents a shift from agrarianism to industrialism. Overall, during the transportation revolution, construction of turnpikes, roads, canals, and railroads led to the market economy expansion, an increased population in America and alternations of the physical landscape of America.
“Late one night, when we were all in bed, Mrs. O’Leary lit a lantern in the shed. Her cow kicked it over, then winked her eye and said, ‘There’ll be a hot time in the old town tonight!’ (Abbott)” In 1871, a disaster arose in Chicago and reshaped the city permanently: a fire scorched around three square miles of land, leveled thousands of buildings, and stole hundreds of lives (“Chicago Fire of 1871”). Although the effects of this tragedy were harrowing, it actually served as the catalyst which allowed Chicago to become one of America’s largest, most influential cities. How could such a devastating event have such positive effects? A crucial element of Chicago’s history, the Great Chicago Fire of 1871 can be understood by studying the cause of its severity, its impact on the city, and the recovery efforts of the people.
Alphonse Gabriel “Al” Capone was born in Brooklyn, New York on January 17, 1899. Growing up he became a member of the Five Points Gang where his positon was a bouncer at a brothel. Capone shortly moved to Chicago and became a right-hand man for Johnny Torrio. Torrio ran a big bootlegging operation that supplied alcohol to a vast majority of places in the North. Johnny Torrio soon retired and Capone took over his operation. Capone expanded the business greatly but also introduced his own violent side into the swing of things. Respect was a very important thing to Capone. He did not take being disrespected kindly and would often retaliate with violence. Capone had a large hunger for attention and would satisfy his hunger by making large donations to various charities and other organizations. The “Chicago Outfit” was later founded in 1912 and run by Al
Due to the rapid population growth and social differentiation, social bonds loosened and long-standing relationships weakened. Social cohesion, which formerly existed within cities, was no longer prominent. “Chicago sociologist Louis Wirth noted that life in the biggest cities was marked by a loss of community. People no longer knew their neighbors and others in the community” (Rury 138). There was no longer a connection with others that once existed in towns and neighborhoods. Relations became impersonal and any potential for social capital was dissolute. In urbanized areas, people were known by their occupation or social status, rather than as individuals. In booming cities, such as New York City, people would form distinctive residential territories. This would draw in people from specific religions and ethnicities. This is comparable to New York City today, where we have ethnic-based neighborhoods and culturally unique communities such as Little Italy and Chinatown. It’s interesting when you learn about how such cities developed and led to these monumental sectors
Al Capone’s crime boss “ Torrio” was the one who had mainly influenced Al Capone into the life of crime in the city of chicago and had “Torrio taught Capone the importance of maintaining a respectable front while running a racketeering business” (History) , After some time Torrio had made Al Capone his second, his “right-hand man”. Al Capone had done many different crimes around the city of chicago with had made his name more popular and notorious around the city, mostly including bootlegging, prostitution and gambling. Al Capone was very much aware of gang war over territories in chicago, so he would often negotiate with rival gangs for territory. Later on one day his boss Torrio was returning back from a shopping trip from the market and was ambushed and had got shot several times. Soon after that Torrio was frightened and worried about another assassination attempt on his life would happen again, so he had made Al Capone the boss of the gang and had put Capone in control of the operations, while he had fled Chicago and went off to live his life somewhere else.
Numerous New York hoodlums in the mid twentieth century originated from ruined foundations, however this was not the situation for the unbelievable Al Capone. A long way from being a poor settler from Italy who swung to wrongdoing to bring home the bacon, Capone was from a respectable, proficient family. His dad, Gabriele, was one of a huge number of Italians who landed in New York in 1894. He was 30 years of age, taught and from Naples, where he had earned a living as a hairdresser. His better half Teresa was pregnant and right now raising two children: 2-year-old child Vincenzo and newborn child Raffaele. The family moved to a poor Brooklyn apartment where Alphonse Capone was conceived on January 17, 1899.
Urbanization from 1850 to 1910 went from about 10% to 40% (Historical Statistics). The rise in urbanization led to the increasing need for industrialization. When industrialization came to urban places, it brought many social and economic problems. Jane Addams and Andrew Carnegie were two different people who were around during industrialization and had different responses of the economic and social issues that came with it.
In, 1899, Al Capone was born, to two poor Italian immigrants, in Brooklyn, New York. Al grew up in Brooklyn, and at an early age began getting involved in crimes. He became an apprentice to John Torrio a notorious gang leader. As prohibition deepened, his involvement in organized crime, became a lot greater. As time went on John Torrio, handed over the reigns to Al Capone himself. At the time prohibition was in full effect, which was the main cause of organized crime. His organized gang was involved in bootlegging, illegal gambling, and lots more. He had many rivals to compete with such as Buggs Moran. Capone never really got in much trouble with the law, because most of the law was involved in organized crime. But the FBI finally put him in jail for tax evasion. Al Capone was a very influential figure during his time as a mobster in the
Eliot Ness, born April 19, 1903, in, Chicago, Illinois, knew little of what he was going to do. When he grew up, he went to the University of Chicago majoring in commerce, and law and political science. Eliot Ness led a law enforcement group, during the Prohibition Era in 1930-1931, called the “Untouchables”. They’re called “The Untouchables” because they couldn’t be bribed unlike other police men.
During the 1920’s gang related crime was a serious issue. The leader of all this violence and corruption was a man named Al “Scarface” Capone (“Al Capone”). This organized crime, dehumanization, and corruption, became the ultimate image of Chicago for people throughout the world. He was largely immersed in things like gambling, prostitution, and the illegal sale of liquor. He was not convicted for any of his crimes, even the St. Valentine's Day massacre of 1929, until he was imprisoned for tax evasion (Horan). Al Capone was a very powerful leader and an all around mastermind.
In the 1920s, Al Capone was a name that inspired fear into the hearts of all of Chicago. His reign as crime boss over Chicago came because of a single government act. This act was the Eighteen Amendment of the Constitution of the United States of America, commonly known as Prohibition. The common goal for the law was that alcohol related crime would go down and the problems of drunks who did not take care of or provide for their families would be eradicated. However, the law made the sale, manufacture, and use of all alcohol illegal. Prohibition failed because it was not easily enforced, it destroyed businesses and jobs, and lead to the rise of organized crime.
It’s 1920, the Chicago lights gleam in the night. A dangerous night. A loud explosion is heard near Lakeshore Drive, followed by a fiery, red flame lighting up the dark, city night. Chunks of rubble make a loud splash as they are swallowed up by the waters of Lake Michigan. Al Capone’s associates have bombed another speakeasy, injuring many citizens in the process. This was life for the citizens in Chicago, everyone was kept in constant fear for their lives if they ever crossed Capone. The Federal Government knew they had to control the violent city of Chicago by eliminating the
His father was Gabriel Capone, and his mother was Teresa Capone. They were Italian, and immigrated to USA in 1893. Al Capone was born and raised in Brooklyn. His father was a barber, and worked at a barber shop at 29 Park Avenue. He had eight siblings, Vincenzo Capone, Raffaele James Capone, AKA Ralph "Bottles" Capone, Salvatore "Frank" Capone, Ermina Capone, who died at the age of one, Ermino "John" Capone, Albert Capone, Matthew Capone, and Mafalda Capone.
Al Capone was the most well known bosses there was. He was a very impactful leader. From eliminating rival gangs to running a successful alcohol business Al Capone did it all. Al Capone was a predator, people who got in his way were his prey. He did not just kill people to get what he wanted, he was successful in large crime organizations. Many say he had an evil heart but truly had a kind heart He was a very generous man. Some people thought of him as a modern day Robin Hood. He would help the needy by getting what the needed form the bad. He went from having rival gangs being tortured and killed, to running his alcohol business, to being the most notorious mobsters of all time.