These programs are cheaper than incarceration, and they can require the convict to pay part of the cost such as the substance abuse treatment. Convicts can continue working and caring for their families, which is very important. Prison space for violent criminals is freed up by keeping nonviolent and first time offenders in the community. The purpose for intermediate sanctions are used as another method of punishment to lower the pressure on probation departments and correction facilities. Also, it help create stability, punish criminals who are considered to receive a stricter punishment than probation alone, restrict activities of a probationer and make them more accountable for their actions.
These are the questions that plague Gilkey’s dilema. Humans are also very interdependent of one another. Humans have the need to depend on one another and seek acceptance. In the concentration camp, several people have been stealing from one another through the resources that they have available to cook, keep warm, and many other important necessities. Outside of camp life, people would be sent to jail or shamed in their communities, but in this camp going to jail would be a nice place and the community of the camp doesn’t seem to care that people are stealing.
In addition, the purpose of punishing offenders is to ensure they will not commit any crimes in future. However, putting all kind of criminals in a prison may not accomplish the goal, but boost the possibility that prisoners will come under the negative peer pressure. Furthermore, many offenders find it difficult to rehabilitate into the society because of their prison records. Thus, social training is believed to benefit them better as they will absorb conventions and codes of conduct after the activities.
Restorative justice often focuses on how the community can be made to feel comfortable accepting the offender back into society and works to achieve meaningful reintegration; this is a sharp contrast from retributive justice, which can make it extremely ostracizing for an ex-offender to reenter society. The model also encourages—or even mandates—offenders to repay the community for the crime committed, thus forging a path for reentry (Karmen, 2015). The increased communication channels between victim and perpetrator in a restorative justice setting allow for the parties to discuss the issues that may have led to the crime’s occurrence (Karmen, 2015). Additionally, the victim and perpetrator may also ask one another questions, a process which may lead to a better personal understanding and, eventually,
Khiaiya Jaggie In Dr. Ed Latessa speech on effective correctional intervention, What Works and What Doesn’t in Reducing Recidivism: Designing More Effective Reentry Programs, he synthesizes research to conclude an evidence based discussion about trends in the corrections system. He addresses what works and also addresses many different points of views such as how to reduce recidivism in the correct way and also how to not reduce recidivism in a correct way. Latessa admits that yes, some rehabilitation efforts to reduce recidivism can be effective but it is not a “one size fits all” deal. Everyone has different needs and different variables in how they should be treated. He covers several different variables and ways we can correctly reduce recidivism.
First the so called drug war should be done away with.Another approach is to Indiana” exempted people with only low-level drug convictions from the habitual offender law… and “limit] the situations in which prior convictions for low level felonies can trigger habitual offender enhancements.” as done in Indiana. Texas’ idea of reforming “their habitual offender law so that low-level felonies (state jail felonies) cannot be used as priors.” should be practiced more throughout the U.S. The U.S. should “send nonviolent offenders to specialty courts or probation rather than prison.” Also bail should be made less or not needed for people who didn’t commit a crime, but arrest wrongfully. People might argue that people shouldn’t be let loose if they committed crime and prisons help with the economy but some crimes are over sentenced bases on where the person came from or their race. Also the jobs prisoners could be giving to everyday people and that should support the economy and give more benefits from taxes.These solutions would reduce the number of mass incarceration.
The partnership social work and the justice system can provide needed services to offenders and victims. Social workers will contribute in aspects like counselling, employment, housing and food. It is becoming obvious that incarceration itself can not solve the problem. Social workers can pass on their experience and be part of public policy planning and the legislative process (Treger, H & Allen, F 2006).
The characters in these books fight against the injustice to make their world more fair. Characters from The Outsiders experience injustice and fight against it. Greasers experience injustice in behalf of the fact that they are poor. This is confirmed with: “Greasers can’t walk alone too much or they’ll get jumped, or someone will come by and scream ‘Greaser!’ at them…”(Hinton 2). Greasers are judged for being poor, but the rich kids aren’t judged when they break the law for fun, when the greasers can barely obtain enough money to eat.
Reducing Police Corruption In 1990, Metz, suggested several ways which can encourage reduce officers misconduct for example, a. Provide a written code of ethics-these are polices written to guide the police to make ethical choices when situations arise. b. Provide training in law enforcement ethics- these trainings would help the police officers what is expected of them. Malloy in 1982, suggested that a salary increment for the police officers would encourage them to stop taking bribes, also suggested that unenforceable laws to be eliminated, this would help the police officers not to feel too much pressure in enforcing them.
It is necessary to keep non-violent criminals separate from violent criminals, as to keep non-violent criminals from escalating to the commission of violent crimes once they are released from prison. The elimination of all drug felons from the prison system will allow prisons to function more smoothly and create programs focused toward the rehabilitation of violent criminals. Another benefit of using community-based corrections are that the prisons will become extremely less populated, and the money used to finance prisons can be put toward hiring
Realignment is a method used to redirect low-level offenders and parole violators from overcrowded prisons to country jails. This saves money by decreasing the overpopulated prisons, decreasing the cycle of offenders to prison that thwarts rehabilitation, and impeding local law enforcement supervision. The 2011 Public Safety Realignment sentenced non-violent and non-sex offenders to country jails instead of prisons, so the less severe the crime the more likely they were to go to a country jail. Realignment is funded through the state sales tax revenue and Vehicle License Fees. Governor Brown 's Proposition 30, passed in November 2012, created a constitutional amendment prohibiting the Legislature from reducing Realignment funding.
These method focusses on educative function allowing people to learn from their mistakes and preventing further complications. If the government main goal was deterrence, then there would be less crime and fewer people in prisons. This would help with taxes and improve communities. Additionally,
As they say, “A man has got to do what a man has got to do.” Considering how poorly fed and malnourished the soldiers are, Kat and Paul had to resort to stealing to receive the nutrients they required to endure the tiresome war. Some may argue that this was out of pure greed and selfishness, but one has to consider that the soldiers endure Hell and back, if they make it back, and all they ask is for is a decent meal. Is that still selfish? So yes, if I were in Paul’s position, I would think about my well being, and myself understanding the pain and suffering I experience on a daily
With this “Congress also decided to eliminate the courts’ discretion to exercise leniency in some instances by requiring courts to impose a mandatory minimum sentence for certain types of crimes.” (Larkin and Bernick) Uniquely, congress has tried to stop the discrimination in the jail system. This explains the start of the justice systems transformation. Additionally congress has taken many approaches to solving the problem of discrimination in the justice system. “the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 has two exceptions to the mandatory minimum sentencing requirement.” (Larkin and Bernick) This explains how exceptions are used to make the prison system less discriminatory. Notably, these exceptions shows reform in the prison system.