Community Drug Abuse

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Introduction Problems are a significant part of life. Problems exist everywhere. Problems simply go together with being alive. Individuals, households, communities, governments, everyone alive has, have had, or will have problems. However, a community problem is different. A community problem affects every individual in a community directly or indirectly. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), drug abuse is “One of America´s most challenging public health and social problems.” Drug abuse impacts society on multiple levels and because of this, drug abuse´s negative effect are undeniably notable. This report will define drug abuse, analyze and describe its impact on the general and college aged community, and provide possible…show more content…
The first time a person tries a drug he or she feels unnaturally intense feelings of pleasure. Dopamine carries this great pleasure feeling along the brain. As a person continues to abuse drugs, the brain senses more than enough dopamine, causing neurons to reduce the quantity of dopamine produced. If less quantity of dopamine is produced, a person will feel depressed or weak, which results in the dependence of drugs in order to bring dopamine levels up to normal, but because of the tolerance effect, larger amount of drugs are required in order to achieve the same dopamine high. These brain changes will cause a person to use drugs compulsively, despite negative consequences such as stealing, friends or family problems, physical or mental damage, and any other type of criminal activity. For this reason, drug abuse is the origin of a large amount of different community problems, making it one of the most significant and…show more content…
However, these impacting numbers do not fully describe the breadth of destructive social health and safety implications of drug abuse, such as family disintegration, loss of employment, failure in school, and child abuse. Domestic and general violence can be strongly linked to drug abuse. According to a book published by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMSHA), drug abuse is one of the most significant factors when referring to domestic violence. Also the Department of Justice states that about 61% of domestic violence offenders have problems with alcohol or drug abuse. A case, in which this statistic is strongly demonstrated, is in a Memphis study of nighttime arrests. The study showed that of the 72 victims studied, 42% of the victims were using drugs or alcohol on the day they were assaulted; and 15% had used cocaine. Child abuse is one of most tragic but common social problems linked to drug abuse. According to research conducted by the NIH on 2005, approximately 50% to 80% of all child abuse and neglect cases substantiated by child protective services involve some degree of substance abuse by the child´s parents. An interesting fact about child abuse is that it also leads to drug abuse. In the same research made by NIH on 2005, it showed that at least two-thirds of drug abuse patients on rehabilitation centers were physically or sexually abused as

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