Community Work Model Essay

1559 Words7 Pages

Community work models are valuable for directing practitioners’ work. Nonetheless, knowledge of practical community work models is still inadequate. Scholars and practitioners consider technical knowledge of practical community work to be derived from actual cases. This knowledge allows community workers to choose the best course of action in real-life situations (Henderson and Thomas, 2012; Hardcastle et al., 2011). Furthermore, model development is important for comprehensive knowledge guidance, specifically for helping workers accurately play their role in terms of practical skills (Harris, 2009; Henderson and Thomas, 2012; Homan, 2011). Assisting communities to change is an important aspect of community work (Sanders, 1976);
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Cnaan and Rothman (1986) tested the three models proposed by Rothman in 1968. Jeffries (1996) developed a four-square model based on some core variables used by Rothman and Tropman (1987). Rothman amended his models in 2001 and proposed a set of new application models in 2008 (Rothman, 2001, 2008). Besides testing and amending models, Cnaan and Boehm (2012) advocated that cultural factors should also be integrated into practical models. However, the models were amended for expanding their applications rather than for preliminary community…show more content…
The CCDP, introduced from Japan in 1985, combined the methods of community development and community planning. In the CCDP, residents were encouraged to conduct meetings gradually and completely with sufficient time and resources, provided through abundant financial support. CCDP aims to actualize the vision of community work using a grassroots and gradual approach. It reconsiders local culture, promotes residents’ participation, repairs the community’s relation with nature, practices the value of mutual help and friendship, and develops community
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