“The specific case provides guidelines (properties and dimensions) for looking at all cases enabling researchers to move from description to conceptualization and from the more specific to the general or abstract” (Strauss and Corbin 1998, 88). Additionally to the above said, one way case study function to develop theory is by using analytical generalization which different as opposed to statistical generalization. Analytical generalization The relationship between theory and case study is quite interrelated especially through analytical generalization. Analytic generalization according to (Yin 2014, 40) is the contrast with is another way of generalizing the results from empirical studies known as statistical generalization. Theory constitutes of The building of grounded theory revolves around analytical procedures in qualitative research Strauss and Corbin use the term theorizing to describe the process of theory production.
According to Crowther and Lancaster (2008), as a general rule, positivist studies normally adopt deductive approach). Positivism relies on scientific evidence drawn from experiments and quantified facts which target to reflect the dynamics and picture of the social world. Positivism holds the principles of both inductive and deductive which mean that the latter tests hypotheses and the former gathers knowledge that is reached through gathering of evidence. It relies on scientific facts drawn from experimentation and facts that can be quantified and gives meaning to the dynamics in the social world. It holds the principle of both deductive and inductive which implies that the latter tested hypotheses and the former collects knowledge which is arrived by collecting facts.
Themes will be made according to the research objectives and the findings collected from the case study would be crosschecked against the literature reviewed. In order to process any quantitative information, MS Excel graphs will be used for the accomplishment of the numerical results. These cross-referenced research findings will be valid enough to generalise it on the larger population. Qualitative analysis transforms theories in a form of statements and concepts focusing on interpretations. The qualitative analysis for the study is consisting of discussion of secondary data and results obtained from the interviews and survey questionnaire (Brecher & Harvey, 2002; Weber, Shils, Finch, Antonio, & Sica, 2011; Bergh & Ketchen, 2009; Krishnaswamy, Sivakumar, & Mathirajan,
ANSWER: The term social construction of reality explains the way we present ourselves to other people is structured by our interactions with others, as well as by our life experiences. The way we present ourselves,how we perceive others and how others perceive us is affected by how we were raised and what we were raised to believe. our reality perceptions are related to our beliefs and backgrounds By invention of sociology of knowledge, gave rise to debates regarding the validity,scope and applicability of this new concept in this debate there emerged A formulation given by Karl Mannheim. Karl Mannheim formulation marked the transposition of the sociology of knowledge into a more narrowly sociological context .Many sociologists for even when they think of sociology of
Also, environment shapes how a person thinks, analyzes, and make decisions basing it from self-experiences, social norm, and the current status quo. Many theories from different experts in the field of academe, particularly in psychology, therefore proved that environment is really an important factor upon crafting an individual’s totality. Some of them are based from many folds of researches, social experimentations, and drawn conclusions. These theories are found by the researchers to be of valuable significance for this research study: Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory (1986). Albert Bandura, a renowned psychologist who is a David Starr Jordan Professor Emeritus of Social Science in Psychology at
The existing literatures referred in this chapter are focusing on result from the lab experiment. While attempting to be as inclusive as possible, the main focus of this chapter will be on dishonesty and (un)ethical behavior. Several concepts in economics and psychology that serve as explanations for behavioral con-tagion include social decisions and social distance (Akerlof, 1997), (Glaeser & Scheinkman, 2004); social status and conformity (Bernheim, 1994); imitation of behavior (Alós-Ferrer & Schlag, 2009); social learning (Bandura, 1971); norms (Cialdini et al., 1990); vicarious self-perception (Goldstein & Cialdini,2007). (Kandel & Lazear, 1992) even provided an argument that peer pressure may contain shame and guilt which in turn affect behavioral contagion. These concepts despite differences in verbal expressions, are not so strictly exclusive from each other, in both their conclusions and assumptions.
This stage involves analytical and theoretical ordering, for the researchers are trying to see the connection of the themes to one another. The themes might cluster together while the rest might be a superordinate concepts. • Continuing the Analysis with Other Cases The respondent’s transcript is written as a case study in its own right, as the analysis were moved on to incorporate interviews with a number of different individuals. The other can use the themes from the first case to put the table of themes for respondent 1 aside, and work for 2nd transcript. Acknowledge new issues as one works through the transcripts and the other one have to be disciplined and discern.
Second, each small group will be re-categorized into some groups which have similarities. Last, some big groups will be theorized based on the theoretical data. Figure 2 is an example which shows one predicted data of the interview related to my research question. (Saiki, C.S., 2008) Each procedure of data analysis with grounded theory approach is as follows; Property and Dimension Property and dimension can be defined as the components of the matter. We would be able to know what the phenomenon or fact actually is by finding property and dimension.
Pound has compared the sociological jurisprudence with other schools of legal thought and notes certain characteristics of adherents to the sociological school. Generally, they pursue a comparative study of legal phenomena as social phenomena and criticize these with respect to their relation
This approach is relevant because the current study aims to determine the influence of relationship intention on satisfaction, loyalty and retention following service recovery through identifying relationships between variables and determining whether differences between groups (such as respondents with low, moderate and high relationship intentions) exist. Research can be carried out by means of either (or both) qualitative and quantitative research. It is common practice to use qualitative research to support quantitative research (Bahl & Milne, 2006:217; Zikmund & Babin, 2010:132). Qualitative research involves observing what people do and say, is a form of systematic empirical enquiry into meaning, and is used for gaining insight into a specific domain from a small group of individuals (Burns & Bush, 2006:202; Parasuraman, Grewal & Krishnan, 2007:178; Shank, 2006:4). Quantitative research, on the other hand, is defined as the use of structured questions in which the response options have been predetermined and the primary data is collected from a large number of individuals.