Comparative Analysis Of Nationalism

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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF NATIONALISM BASED ON THE PERSPECTIVES OF JOSEPH STALIN AND MIKHAIL GORBACHEV This research paper is presented to: Emma Delgado Allysia Michelle Castillo DEUSTAT-C A52 DE LA SALLE UNIVERSITY 2401 Taft Ave., Malate, Manila Introduction: “Nationalism,” as defined by the Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, is “generally used to describe two phenomena: 1.) The attitude that the members of a nation have when they care about their national identity, and 2.) The actions that the members of a nation take when seeking to achieve (or sustain) self-determination.” (Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, 2001) To put it simply, nationalism is the emerging awareness of a country to change certain aspects of their identity, such as culture, politics, ideologies, traditions and the like. Abstract: This paper aims to study nationalism based on the perspectives of Joseph Stalin and Mikhail Gorbachev by using comparative analysis on their use of power, policies and ideologies during their respective time periods, and how they were able to influence the modern face of nationalism in Russia today. Background of the Study: The roots of nationalism can be traced all throughout history, but it was in the late 17th - 19th century that the ideas of nationalism, such as glorification of a nation, desires of a democratic government and liberty, started to spread and become well known. One of the prominent examples of nationalism

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