the masters before him to influnce his art. He took styles from the past and redefined them in the context of his own world. In Cezanne's Les joueurs de carte, the colour is in fragments all over the picture, The objects remain organic and the overall theme isn't clouded. This picture is influential in Matisse's work, example "The Window. The use of colour, theme, and shape are all entwined with each other in both paintings.
It also must synthesize results into a summary of what is and is not known. Literature review must also identify areas of controversy in the literature plus formulate questions that need further research. A literature review is more that the search for information, and goes beyond being a descriptive annotated bibliography. All works included in the review must be read evaluated and analyzed, but relationship between the literatures must also be identified and articulate, in relation to our field of research (CQuniversity, 2013) 2.1 STIGMA Stigma refers to negative, unfavourable attitudes and the behaviour they produce. It is a form of prejudice that spreads fear and misinformation, labels individuals and perpetuates stereotypes.
The western intellectual enquiry has undergone tremendous attitudinal as well as perceptional change over the years. The modifications are necessitated by the socio-political predicament of the ages gone into the repository of the past. Innumerable movements and isms have proficiently supplied ideas and ideologies to interpret the literary text from divergent perspective. “If there is such a thing as literary theory, then it would seem obvious that there is something called literature which it is the theory of.” (1) To put it precisely, much earlier critical writings aimed at explicating the nuances which must have involved in literary production. Whereas, the modern critical contributions rest largely on elucidating the technicalities that
When we look at literature,not only on an English language based view but as the universal idea it is,these possibilities will even increase. And this array of differences and sea of possibilities excite me and inspire me to create. This is why I have chosen the field of Comparative Literature rather than the literature for only one language. I love stories; finding them, listening to them and even telling them. For this reason, I believe
A narrative critic’s close reading assumes literary integrity and reads the text holistically. The text is processed consecutively and the parts are related to the whole. The methodology of narrative criticism can be summarized in four steps. First, the form of the text is analysed and categorized according to formal and conventional literary aspects and genres. Literary aspect includes the categories of fiction, nonfiction, prose, and poetry.
Using characteristics of the authors themselves and their stories looking at historical events, life experience and the dominant culture we can receive a more accurate understanding of these texts. The reader will only gain new and diffrent unique insights from using contextual criticism while analyzing passages of these texts. After analyzing the context of the texts it will give any reader the most accurate and genuine interpretation of the story and truly allow them to experience the story in another
Apter criticizes comparative literature as being self-contradictory in nature, since it purports to include all cultures and at the same time highlights national boundaries to realize its goal, which stresses a new exclusion. World Literature, as she puts it, is more inclusive than comparative literature: World literature is the blue-chip moniker; benefiting from its pedigreed association with GoetheanWeltliteratur. World literature evokes the great comparatist tradition of encyclopedic mastery and scholarly ecumenicalism. It is an encapsulating model of literary comparatism that, in promoting an ethic of liberal inclusiveness or the formal structures of cultural similitude, often has the collateral effect of blunting political critique
Literature reflects the culture of a society of the period. This is quite evident from various works of art from the age of Chaucer to Shakespeare and till the modern era. The present study is an attempt to portray the cultural perspectives found in the anthology Contemporary Concerns and Beyond by K. V. Dominic, an Indian poet, short story writer, editor and critic. The anthology is the sixth collection of poems about the contemporary issues in our society. The poems in this anthology covers a wide range of subjects like challenges faced by women, transgenders, children and issues of war and peace, philosophical thoughts, social issues, etc.
The past century has seen an explosion of narratives wherein the literary greats contributed to the evolution of literature, recreated and embodied toward new textual genres. Their works project a rigid understanding of the author as a historically and culturally dependent membership constructed along the lines of gender, sexual orientation, class, and nationality. Authors of fiction have self-fashioned original revolutionary works, affirming and celebrating human creativity as the best means of illuminating and exploring the human, a new obsession with ingenuity spills over into fiction, the past blends with the present, history with imagination. Thus, they articulate, reflect on, and can be read through both modern and postmodern concerns. Directly or indirectly, a work of literature opens a window on the culture in which it is produced.
The impact of Persian classical literature on European writers has been the subject of various ‘influence’ studies and numerous oriental scholars have alluded to a possible influence of 13th century Persian poets on the 18th century European writers. However, this is the first comparative study in the tradition of American school of comparative literature which focuses on a thematic study of ‘Man’ in the works of Sa‘di and Pope. There are no scholarly and academic researches done specifically on this particular subject, yet there are a number of insightful sources on the texts and contexts of both poets. The books, articles, dissertations and other sources that are helpful in this study are divided into two parts: sources that explore the time