In their writings, many authors present the explained and the unexplained supernatural, but by reversing their proper order (Miles, 2002: 53). The supernatural disappeared from most of today 's detective stories. Sometimes it occurs but is soon given a logical explanation (Harris 2008: 1). In detective fiction works, the events are ultimately given a natural explanation, while in the former, the events may be truly unnatural. However, there are some famous examples where supernatural, so present in the very genesis of the Gothic, is also manifest in detective fiction: Sheridan Le Fanu’s Dr. Hesselius, whose purpose is to discover the vampire nature of Carmilla (homonymous Carmilla); John Silence, Algernon Blackwood’s psychic researcher; occultist Dion Fortune’s Dr. Rhodes, a skilled reasoner who appeals to magic as well; Aleister Crowley’s Simon Iff, both a detective and a necromancer; Seabury Quinn’s Jules de Grandin, researcher and lycanthrope hunter; Manly
Setting is the key element in Gothic Literature. It displays the different places and architectures that are essentials to visualize Gothic. The setting is highly significant in a Gothic novel because it helps to add horror and fear to its mood and dreadful weakness to its characters. As said by Snodgrass, the settings of Gothic literary works present an extensional symbolic psychological case to its human characters (158).Gothic fictions are usually set in isolated landscapes or highly secured prisons, secret passages or corridors, old castles or ghostly houses, and graveyards. According to Hogle, Gothic areas might be "a castle, a foreign place, an abbey, a vast prison, a subterranean crypt, a graveyard, a primeval frontier, or island, a large old house or theatre.
In gothic literature, the main setting commonly has mythology rooted in the area to add to the eeriness. Irving’s Indian fort has such a underlying lore, seen in the legend of Kidd the pirate. As explained in the start of the piece, “according to old stories” the fort had “a great amount of treasure buried by Kidd the pirate” (320). This and the gloomy description make it akin to the castle archetype in gothic literature, which presents another aspect of gothic literature that is warped by
Even before we see the forty-year-old corpse of Homer Barron rotting into the bed, the creepy house, and the creepy Miss Emily let us know that we are in the realm of horror that is known as gothic fiction. The author of ‘A Rose for Emily’ William Faulkner was born in 1897 and died in 1962. He grew up in Mississippi, which he uses as the setting for many of his novels and short stories. In his work he tackles issues such as race, gender, and class, as you 'll notice in 'A Rose for Emily, ' which was published in 1931. This story is considered as Gothic.
This tale is written with some frightening scripts that contains a mysterious terrifying secret. It includes some typical Gothic symbols as darkness, decay, old ruin house, insanity and murder. For instance, visitors in Emily´s house could see “a dim hall from which a stairway mounted into still more shadow” The dust and horrible smell are everywhere. Also the parlour is covered by long-standing dust and furniture is old, dark, heavy and somehow devastated. Everything in her house emphasizes the frightening setting and as well Emily´s mood and mental state.
Along with the start of the Gothic period in the 1760s, came many stories and poems inspired by this theme. This includes “Frankenstein” by Mary Shelly, “The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde” by Robbert Louis Stevenson, and “Rime of the Ancient Mariner” by Samuel Taylor Coleridge. These stories and poem come to mind as representations of gothic literature as they are all monumental breakthroughs during its time. This is shown in the darker tones and theme that is used in each story and poem. They all shared common elements such as gloomy settings, intense emotions, and somehow always involving sadness or death.
Gothic Literature, both traditional and contemporary are sources of unpredictable, mysterious entertainment. For example, ‘The Signalman’ written in 1866 by Charles Dickens utilises the setting, imagery and symbolism, as well as the theme of supernatural to generate the tension in the story. On the other hand, ‘Lamb to the Slaughter’ written by Roald Dahl exploits intense emotions such insanity and the theme of reality to conceive suspense. Both writers successfully integrate mystery into the stories to provoke suspense. To begin with, the setting in ‘The Signalman’ is used to generate thriller, especially the creepy, isolated tunnel and the Signalman’s post.
The horror story is a uniquely interactive genre. Its main objective is to make the reader feel something, whether that be fear, anxiety, suspense, or any combination thereof. These feelings are evoked with the use of a monster, depending on the story it can be an external source, like a vampire or werewolf, or it could be something inside one of the characters, something in their psyche. In her story, “The Grave”, P.D.Cacek utilizes the literary elements of symbolism, imagery, and point of view. Cacek uses ominous symbolism to show the progression of her main character’s mental deterioration.
I felt creeping upon me, by slow yet uncertain degrees, the wild influence of his own fantastic yet impressive superstitions." So we are left hanging with the question, does he lives only to tell the tale? Moving on to the characteristic of genre, „The Fall of the House of Usher” can be considered as a gothic or horror fiction. The metonymy of gloom and horror, an atmosphere of mystery and suspense, high, even overwrought emotion are also part of characteristics of the story. In this case we have a creepy house, dark atmosphere and awful weather and also a tomb.
Not only does it fit the criteria of Horror Gothic and Female Gothic on and off screen, it also exhibits the typical dark atmosphere and fascination with repressed anxieties and desires as well as extreme emotional states like unstable personality and hallucinations. Most important are the Gothic themes of transformation, the double and multifaceted identity. How these themes are brought about in the film allows for a range of interpretations, be it Nina 's stress and perfectionism and the consequent insanity, Nina 's growing into a sexual being or even her losing grip on her identity through the means of an objectifying society. Not only does Nina physically morph into the black swan, she also transforms sexually and mentally. The double motif is omnipresent in the film and closely entwined with the idea of multifaceted and unstable identity.