Usually in the past, monarchies have been ruled by kings, together with his advisors. The word monarchy is derived from the Greek terms monos (meaning single or alone) and arkhein (meaning to rule). Former kingdoms that operated under a monarchy were the Mycenaeans. They ruled Greece from 2000 to 1100 B.C.E. Under a monarchy,
Ancient Greek Forms of Government Introduction to the Various Forms of Government Ancient Greece has experienced numerous forms of government throughout the years. The five forms of government that I will compare and contrast are monarchy, oligarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, and democracy. All of these words derived from Greek origins but they are all very different. Monarchy The word monarchy is originated in Greece and comes from the terms monos (meaning: single) and arkhein (meaning: rule). A monarchy is therefore a form of government in which the power is in the hands of one person.
However up until 500 BCE, the concept of Democracy was a foreign concept, and the great civilizations of that era were run by monarchs, aristocrats, and religious leaders of sorts. The term, Democracy, stems from the Greek word ‘demokratia’ which means rule by the people and it wasn’t until around 500 BCE in Athens where the first examples of democracy originated. While Athens is widely regarded as the first historical example of a democratic system, some scholars believe that the Roman Empire’s republic system was more democratic than that of the Greek. As I will come to
Pericles, the author of the speech, was a general of Athens in the fifth century BCE. Often regarded as the greatest ruler of Athens and even all of Greece, Pericles fostered the famous democracy of Greece and supervised countless theater, statue, and infrastructure building projects. However, the majority of his rule occurred during the initial crumbling of Greece–the Peloponnesian War. In this deadly conflict between the city states of Athens and Sparta, both militaries fought for the title of the overarching ruler of the Mediterranean. Pericles gave this legendary speech after a major loss with the Spartans, in combination with funerals honoring the dead, hence the speech’s title.
This means that the country is governed by the same royal family due to their lineage. Monarchy is found throughout Ancient Greece wether it be in Sparta 's two kings, Athens kings, or even in Macedonia with King Phillip II and Alexander the great. Monarchy within the Ancient Greek states was both obsolete and tested. Within the Spartan culture, kings were able to be balanced out by Ephors, which were elite members voted in by Spartan citizens. The Ephors were a good example of the Aristocracy because they were aristocratic men of the Spartan society that were voted into the elite ranks of government.
How did democracy develop in Athens? Athens is the birthplace of democracy. At first, Athens was a polis which was under a monarchy. Then a king made himself one of the archons which is an elected leader to rule the city which was an aristocracy because only the wealthy and special families could become archons. Athenians appointed Draco to create laws which established equity and stability.
Ancient Greece had one of the most influential forms of power, philosophy, and knowledge in history. The ancient Greeks gave way to civilization in the western world as we know it today. Greece however, had different forms of power and conflict throughout it’s ancient history. Greece was not a unified empire, but is was rather made up of many separate city- states known as the Polis. The formation of these separate city-
Compare and contrast the leadership and impact of Genghis Khan and Alexander the Great. Both Khan and Alexander are great leaders. They both conquered large territories and were able to guide both the leaders and the armies underneath their command. Alexander consolidated the Greeks into one empire (although being a Macedonian he was not really seen as Greek), This stopped all intestine wars among the Hellenic cities and somehow put order in the empire, transform Greece into a tremendous war machine that allowed him to conquer their eternal enemies the Persians and most of countries under their domain, reach as far as India before his death. As he was absorbed by Persian customs, and vices, most historians say he forgot his homeland, so the
Discussion #2 The word Hellenistic derives from the root word Hellas, which was the ancient Greek word for Greece. The Hellenic Age was the time when Greek culture was pure and unaffected by other cultures. In contrast, the Hellenistic Age was a time when Greeks came in contact with outside people and their Hellenic, classic culture, integrated with ideas from Asia and Africa to create a blended culture. Alexander III, King of Macedonia, was responsible for Greece’s change of Hellenism to Hellenistic. Alexander the Great is considered one of the greatest military strategists of all times.
For the Spartans the right to participate and made important decisions from the entire community were only exercised by the adult and legitimate male citizens of Sparta. Therefore, their parents must be full-blooded Spartans. The form of government of Spartan was military totalitarian. The government governed by the selected few among the legitimate male citizens. In short, to obtain the absolute right to take part in running the political system, one must be born with Spartan parents and it should be an adult male ages 30 and above.
King Phillip II of Macedonia was held as a hostage while he was young in the leading city of Greece at the time, Thebes. While being held hostage there Philip received both a military and diplomatic education. Philip returned to Macedonia in 364 BC and took the throne due to the deaths of his older brothers in 359 BC. Philip’s great military skills allowed him to use diplomacy to push back the Paionians and Thracians and also allowed him to dominate the three-thousand hoplites in 359 BC. In 338 BC the Battle of Chaeronea allowed King Philip to unify all of Greece, excluding Sparta.
World History Paper BY:SABASTION FOSTER Rome, Greece, and England all had a big part in helping the development of democracy. Rome and Greece had the biggest influence on U.S democracy, But Greece had the biggest influence in democracy by just having the idea of demokratia “rule by the people.” Greece was the biggest influence on democracy by staring the idea of demokratia “rule of people” in 507 B.C. and had the first manarchy that was almost the president back then. They splitted up into three institutions which was Ekklesia, who wrought laws, Boule were representative and dikasteria court. All adult males had the right to participating in the deliberations and voting in law making and other governing stuff.