Compare And Contrast Art And Architecture In The Renaissance

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Renaissance: This term refers to a period in Italian history, initially considered to have begun in the late 13th Century, where the styles of art and architecture began a transformation from the earlier Gothic or Middle Ages style of architecture, dominated by France, to a more classical representation of the early style or Greco-Roman influences. One of the most prominent examples of the transformations taking place during the Renaissance can be seen in the Nicola Pisano, pulpit of the baptistry, Pisa, Italy. The use of columns topped with Corinthian style capitals, supporting trefoil arches, which in turn create the base for deeply carved relief sculpture, reminiscent of early Etruscan and Roman sarcophagi reliefs, shows a respect for both styles and the marriage of different areas which set the stage for future Renaissance artistic accomplishments. See image 14-2 “Nicola Pisano, pulpit of the baptistry, Pisa, Italy, 1259-1260, 15’ High. (page 402) Medieval (Middle Ages): The medieval or middle ages in Europe represent the centuries after the fall of the Roman Empire to the time of the Renaissance. During this period most art and architecture was focused within the monastic communities and religious fervor was the predominant theme. In its own right, this period of art and architectural history produced innovations which can be seen to have influenced the structures and churches being built during the early period of the Italian Renaissance. Take for example the
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