Plutarch refers to this system as one of “Lycurgus’ numerous innovations” in The Spartan Constitution. Each king ensuring the other would not become too powerful and each would oversee separate campaigns during battle. The Gerousia was the next level of government comprised of the two kings and an elected group of twenty-eight citizens of noble descent above the age of sixty serving for life. The next level of government was the ekklesia, an early from of democracy afforded to the adult males of Sparta, was the assembly of male citizens of at least thirty years of age. While the assembly was responsible for policy decisions only the Gerousia had the authority to set the agenda for the assembly.
(n.d)). In this essay, i will compare and contrast ancient Greek’s various form of governance ranging from Monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy and democracy. Monarchy Greek city –States practiced monarchies form of government, this is a type of government ruled by a single person, usually the king with the help of council of advisors and his powers were hereditary, the king has absolute power and citizens have no say in their governments. He usually retain his political power for life and his eldest son ( the prince) succeeds him on the throne. Notable monarchies in Greek city-states were those of Epeiros and Macedonia, where the king shared power with the assembly.
The next institution of the government was Gerousia. This was the council of elders including the two kings. It was made up of 30 members and members must be 60 years or above except the kings who could be less than 60 years. They were elected by the assemble and their responsibilities include advising the body, and court of criminal justice, influencing political affairs, cooperated with the ephors and could veto decision made by the assemble. This was position was permanent with an election of new member only when there is a vacancy.
Various boards of officials also existed to make administrative decisions; members of these were usually taken from each of the ten traditional tribes. public positions were dominated by the wealthier citizens because positions of power needed to have and do financial layout to fund municipal projects such as ship building and festivals. Sparta had two kings coming from separate royal families and the most important state officials were the five ephors that used to hold office for only one year and they had power over most areas of civic life and they could appoint and check on all the other public officials. And then there were the council of 9* elders called the Gerousia. Military commanders also held public office in some city-states as In Athens, there was a board of ten elected generals, called “ Strategoi” who could influence the agenda of the assembly.
Was ancient Athens truly democratic? Democracy is a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state. I do not believe that in the 4th to 5th century BCE ancient Athen were democratic for many reasons. Firstly, only male citizens had equal rights to vote, freedom of speech, and opportunities to participate directly in political arenas, which is only 12% of the population. For example Citizen women, Children of citizens, Metics, and Slaves did not have the right to vote which is the other 68%.
In Spartan society there were four groups of people involved in the making of policy (Brand, n.d.) There were the two royal houses; the Agiads and the Eurypontids. There was from each house a King, and while on the battlefield a kings word was law, but at other times they were often subject to the Gerousia, or “elder council,” and five annually selected councilmen known as “Ephoroi.” There was also a monthly assembly, the Ekklēsia, which was comprised of all the male citizens who chose to attend, that voted by shouting (Cartwright, 2013), but this assembly had considerably less influence. In Athenian society there was a sort of democracy, the first in recorded history, but political rights and the power to vote was held by a relatively small group. Only free adult males with Athenian parents were eligible. While this also seems like an oligarchy today, it gave voice to a much larger portion of society than any of its contemporaries.
Another factor that shows the difference between Athens and Han China are their types of government. Document 4 is a quote from Pericles, an Athenian leader. Pericles stated, “Our form of government is called a democracy because its administration is in the hands, not of a few, but of the whole peoples” (Doc 4). This quote here shows the main difference between Han China and Classical Athens. IN Athens, which upholds direct democracy, all free male citizens are entitled to vote, while in China, only the emperor and his advisors can.
In this sense, Ismene is the character who contracts with Antigone because both of them have very dissimilar views about the power of men over women. Antigone feels especially different about men’s authority. Ismene would be viewed as a perfect example of what a woman should be in Ancient Greece. The difference in Ismene’s personality and Antigone’s, highlight the type of person Antigone depicts to
After marriage, women did not have the right to own their own property, keep their own wages, or sign a contract. In addition, all women were denied the right to vote. “The cult of true womanhood ideology extended middle-class ideals far beyond the middle class and affected marriage, female education, and employment choices, as well as strategies for obtaining women’s rights…”(WOMEN). American women of the late 1800’s struggled with no rights in the government, considered inferior, and married women had no separate identity from her husband. One reason American women were treated poorly is because of their rights in the American government.
However in Athens there was a direct democracy where every indval voted on everything (doc. 2). This called a direct democracy ( doc. 2.). However the united states is far too numerous to have every single citizen vote on every law so the people vote on lawmakers who they believe share their same ideals and motives (doc.
My first reason behind this is the Athenian government only granted citizenship to men who parents were free-born Athenian parents. These were the only people who could vote, and do other things involving the government. So all the people that could vote would vote for a person to be ostracized. Which means that the government banishes you from the city-state for a certain amount of years. This is an example of them not being democratic at all.
Athenian male citizens entered a military training camp for two years until they turned twenty. Foreign Metric slaves were not expected to attain anything but a basic education in Greece, but were not excluded from it either. Athenian girls received little formal education which included spinning, weaving, and other domestic arts. Spartan girls were educated at the age of seven, like the boys, in gymnastics, reading and writing, athletics, and survival skills, they could also participate in
Based on Angela Davis’ “Class and Race in the Early Women’s Rights Campaign” reading, Seneca Falls Convention was the first women’s rights convention in the United States. Not only women, but also men were fighting for women’s equality. The convention focused on the political equality for women, the women’s rights in marriage, and the education and career equality for women. Most of the time, women were not allow to join and express their ideas in conventions, for example the 1840 World Anti-Slavery Convention. Only male abolitionists can attended while the female were excluded in the convention.
The procedure is the same for the Vice Presidency, aside from that the U.S. Senate makes that choice. Neither the Constitution nor Federal decision laws force balloters to vote in favor of their gathering 's applicant. All things considered, twenty-seven states have laws on the books that oblige balloters to vote in favor of their gathering 's applicant if that hopeful gets a dominant part of the state 's prevalent vote. In 24 expresses, no such laws apply, however regular practice is for balloters to vote in favor of their gathering 's candidate. an applicant could lose the prominent vote and win the constituent school vote.
If you look at the constitution you see all of the things that amendments have changed. Women can now vote, slavery is abolished and presidents can’t have more than two terms. Why then are we still practicing the electoral college? Many people also argue that the average person is not informed enough, still, after 227 years the original purpose stands. This is wrong.