The government in ancient Athens was governed by a radical democratic system from 508-322 B.C. and was very different in its size and how the system allowed all males to participate in the government. The Peloponnesian War effected their government when the oligarchy party overthrew the democracy and replaced it with the modern regime of the Five Thousand. Athenians spent almost 100 year fighting to restore democracy and defeat the Spartans and their allies the Persians. Their style of government goes back even before the Peloponnesian War around the time of 620 B.C.
Athens and Sparta are better in different aspects. For example, Sparta discouraged superfluous arts, but Athens appreciated them. This aspect is evident by the Athenian ruins, and that Sparta has no remnants of their history besides the tombs of their generals. This aspect concludes that Athens had more to lose during the Peloponnesian War. Athens had an empire, they stood up for values, they were the school of Greece, while Sparta were clinching onto their dear iron bars.
What are two Greek city-states that you know? I know two popular city-states of Ancient Greece: Sparta and Athens. Sparta and Athens are known as city-state with many contrasting beliefs. Sparta was a strict military society while Athens was a free democracy. Sparta prohibited any new ideas while Athens accepted it.
While some, like Plato in his The Republic, thought it weak to give government into the hands of the common people, Pericles countered this argument with a compelling argument of greatness. By putting government into the hands of the people, the people are united and more devoted to their country. Democracy bonds the people together in a way that no other government can understand. Pericles confidently states, “Athenians advance unsupported into the territory of a neighbor, and fighting upon a foreign soil usually vanquish with ease men who are defending their homes.” This, Pericles claims, is the might of democracy; the strength and excellence of many people rather than just that of a
For instance Athens was a democracy in which all male citizens over the age of 18 were allowed to vote. On the other hand Sparta was an oligarchy where power was placed in various military leaders. The primary characteristics that made Han china far superior to ancient greece was their civil service exam which lead to the government being lead by educated bureaucrats compared to just people based on their family title. Many people claim that Greece was superior because they allowed for citizen participation in a democracy
How are Sparta and Athens different and similar to each other? These are the types of questions that allow us to understand the two cities politically. Althought Classical Athens was a democracy, not all citizens had the same rights and benefits. Women, slaves, and foreigners were not citizens, which leaves the males as the only individuals with citizenship. Having citizenship means not being excluded from politics and having the option of serving in the Assembly.
Pericles was a pioneer that brought democracy to Athens. He was a politician and worked his way to the top defeating his opponents and leading the Athenians in battles victoriously. He rebuilt the Athenian Agora and constructed the Parthenon, winning the hearts of the Athenians. Sparta felt threatened by Athens because of how much they'd grown under Pericles' rule and they began to demand concessions from the Athenians. Pericles refused and in 431 B.C., the
IN Athens, which upholds direct democracy, all free male citizens are entitled to vote, while in China, only the emperor and his advisors can. Pericles, who was Greek, can be biased in his statement because as a leader, he needs to win the people’s support. Therefore, he can only say the glories of Athens. Document 5 supports Document 4’s statement. Document 5 talks about the details of the Athenian government.
How were the two city-states similar in their governmental structures? They are similar in the sense that only males were allowed to be a part of politics and that they both had a hierarchy in place that separated the political powers of each group. In both structures the wealthier aristocrats had the most influence in decision making. How did they differ? One major difference is that the Spartan government had two kings that came from separate royal families which tied back to their legendary founders (Agiads and Eurypontids).
Athens obtained the right to participate in public life and made decisions affecting the community because they were the backbone of Greece 's democracy. Athens was the great teacher to all of Greece. They were able to build Greece into a marvelous country. Money flowed through Athens and they were able to use it to create monuments, places of learning and other great buildings. They also had in their army their unstoppable triremes, ships used to ram other ships.