It's a method that he hoped would help his patients, in a way, understand themselves and makes them understand how they interact and behave in the world. Freud's theory is that our actions whether it is accidental and or unpredictable, is in fact, the unconscious doing. Looking at the earlier texts of psychoanalysis, it is very much concerned by the language and meaning; it is the innermost important aspect within sociology and psychoanalysis. The human language focuses on the imperfections of human interactions and communications. These imperfections from human can be in the form of parapraxis, or better known as Freudian slips; a human action made by the unconscious, which fascinated Freud.
Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression, is a common mental disorder that is caused by genetics, the environment, brain structure, and chemistry. Bipolar disorder can often be misdiagnosed in teenagers since they are going through changes in their body and mind. One could see mood swings in a teenager and make the mistake of thinking he or she is going through normal changes. However, if one looks deeper into Holden’s character, one realizes that his mood swings, along with his excessive desire for sexual experiences, are actually symptoms of bipolar disorder. The first warning sign of his mental condition is when he buys Sunny, the prostitute, for the night.
However, Freudian theories such as the Electra and Oedipus complex show us that from these themes of madness in Greek tragedy, we have derived a more psychological viewpoint which we now use to help diagnose and treat people with similar traits as the characters in these plays. Psychoanalysis, founded by Sigmund Freud, is a type of therapy which aims to make the unconscious mind conscious by releasing repressed emotions . In this type of therapy, they believe the patient’s condition can be determined by any repressed memories of childhood as well as any conflict between their conscious and subconscious which can result in these mental illnesses. We also now know of the Oedipus and Electra complex, both based on two great Greek plays (one of which this essay is about). The Oedipus complex concerns a son’s desire for his mother and his competition with his father for her attention whereas the Electra complex is the female version of this and involves a daughter’s competition with her mother for her father’s attention and love .
According to Freud and the psychodynamic perspective, depression is caused by unresolved conflicts between the conscious and unconscious mind. In order to achieve mental health and stability, one must resolve developmental conflicts, such as gaining trust, successful interpersonal relationships, etc. There are a multitude of psychodynamic theories as to why a person would develop depression. According to the article “Psychology of Depression - Psychodynamic Theories” by Rashmi Nemade and Natalie Staats Reiss, “Psychoanalysts historically believed that depression was caused by anger converted into self-hatred ("anger turned inward").” For example, if a child is living in a hostile environment, that child will feel alone, helpless, and angry.
The major element of the story which has contributed a lot to the mood of the story is the plot. In the novel Charlie is subjected to an operation which was going to act as an experiment of increasing his intelligence with hopes that he was going to impress people thus gaining more friends at the end. Unfortunately, some of the expectations were not achieved at all. The novel Flowers of Algernon by Keyes have one major thematic augments which we shall discuss in this paper. The thematic augment is about the mistreatment of the people who are mentally disabled (Yal 7-14).
1.1.1. Freudian Seligman and Reichenberg (2014) states that: in Freudian therapy a great emphasis is placed on biological influences and early childhood experiences. Freud believed that people go through stages of psychosocial development and must struggle to find balance between their strong sexual drives and their need to behave in socially acceptable ways. 1.1.2. Ego psychology Ego psychology focuses more on the mind’s development in interaction with the social and physical world.
He supports his idea with three possible hypothesis: first, the narrator was a victimized child that resulted with some psychotic symptoms; second, the narrator is re-enacting his abuse to make the old man feel what he suffered; and for last, the old man is a victim of the narrator´s threat of incest. In several occasions the narrator stated that he loved the old man and did not wanted his gold; making a clear connection between them. After re-reading the story it actually made sense what this essay is trying to explain. His obsession can be a result of the unknown truth that will haunt him forever. Kachur uses a study written by Etherington that states that children abused by the same gender parent will have a greater problem with self-differentiation and establishment of personal identity; which can be an explanation of how the narrator sees the “Evil Eye” and the old
When comparing and contrasting the psychodynamic and behaviourist approach to psychology similarities can be noted in early learning experiences and how this effects adult personalities. The differences can be seen in their views on mental process and in testing each theory. “The psychodynamic perspective searches for the causes of behaviour within the inner workings of our personality emphasizing the role of unconscious process”. (Passer, 2009 p11) Whereas, “The Behaviourist perspective focuses on the role of the external environment in governing our actions” (Passer, 2009, p13) Sigmund Freud developed the extremely influential and controversial theory of psychoanalysis. Despite the controversy, he had a huge impact on the field of psychology
As early as the late 1800’s, Sigmund Freud already have founded a theory that experiences from our early childhood years affects and explains our behavior later in life, especially if that experience caused an extreme emotion and feeling such as a trauma. As Freud stated, "drawn further and further back into the past; one hoped at last to be able to stop at puberty … but the tracks led still further back into childhood and into its earlier years" (Freud 1953 , p. 17). Thus, as much as we want to forget a horrific event in order to lead a “normal” life, instead it leaves a big scar that not only affects a small part of your life but you as a whole. Experts of the mind and body, such as psychologists and neurologists just to name a few,
Dennis explains the unique developmental needs in regards of treating adolescents. He explains the changing brain of adolescents and how they are not in full control of their emotional regulation system. During this developmental time emotional regulation is still being acquired and learned. However, when an individual between the ages of eighteen and twenty-five introduces psychoactive drugs into their system the impact on the brain is extreme. During this developmental time frame, adolescents are suppose to be learning how to control their emotions, behaviors, and learn coping skills.