Introduction Baroque – a word derived from the Portuguese word “borocco” which means irregular pearl or stone – is a term used in fine art to describe a fairly complex idiom that originated in Rome during the period c.1590-1720, it embraced sculptures and paintings as well as architecture. Baroque art above all other movements reflected the religious tensions of the age in comparison with the idealism of the Renaissance movement (c.1400-1530) and the slightly forced nature of the Mannerism movement (c.1530-1600). This is notably displayed by the Catholic Church in Rome as a desire (as annunciated at the Council of Trent, 1545-63) to reassert itself in dawn of Protestant Reformation. This then makes it almost synonymous to the Catholic Counter-Reformation
Painting during the baroque period had exaggerated lighting, with intense emotions, and artistic viewpoint. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, a famous artist, and sculptor during the baroque era. Bernini’s Saint Theresa in Ecstasy reflects baroque era’s architecture, sculpture, and theatre. Sculpture during the baroque era had multiple ideal viewing angles. Baroque sculpture added extra elements such as lighting, or water fountains.
Yet certain difficulties remain, art historians are not unanimous about its nature and extent. For literary critics there is the added difficulty of drawing significant relationship between literature and the visual arts. One of the primary aspects of the Baroque is in its dynamism. “The whole art of Baroque expresses an acceptance of the material world, through the realistic representation of man and nature, through the affirmation of the senses and the emotions and through a new perception of space and infinity. Its tendency is towards externalization….’’ In Baroque painting and sculpture figures are shown in rapid movement.
Landscape appeared as background of the artworks and the monuments in ancient Egypt, ancient Greece and ancient Rome. With the continuously improve and enhance of painting materials and techniques, landscape as background has also been portrayed more natural and vivid. Humanist thought has been widely accepted from Renaissance, people's minds was liberated, the changing of society offered the possibility for the independent development of landscape painting. Giorgione (c. 1477/78) of the Venetian school was considered as the first painter to make landscape painting towards independence. From his painting The Tempest(1506-1508) , landscape has become the main body of the painting and the characters became almost a supporting role.
In this research paper, I compare two pieces of artwork; Madonna and child with the saints by Giovanni Bellini and Madonna and child with the two angels done by Fra Filippo Lippi. Madonna and child are amongst the most popular yet controversial topics in the Christian art. Most of the pieces of art done on this topic usually have Mary and Jesus either surrounded by angels or saints who pay respect to them. It is an important figure in Catholicism as it reminds the believers about their faith. Both the two artworks were done during the Renaissance period with Madonna and child with the two angels being done around 1465 while Madonna and child with the saints being done around 1505.
One single painting can be looked at through a million different lenses. The art styles reveal the temper and culture of the time. The two most crucial styles, Rococo and Neoclassical were assorted in similarities and differences such as influences, style, and theme. Rococo and Neoclassical art both possess beauty through this revolution of art eras. The painting The Love Letter, by Jean Honore Fragonard and the painting Marie Josephine Charlotte du val d’Ognes by Marie Denise Villers are similar yet distinct in their own ways.
Realism in theatre created theatrical conventions with the goal of bringing a greater sense of real life to performances. Realism was a general movement that began in the 19th century and remained through much of the 20th century as part of an entire, overall artistic movement. Realism sparked artistic innovation in writing. Biographical details, social environment, and social relations were revealed through realistic exploration and development. Writers started to create new, contemporary characters that freely displayed their various identities.
The use of colour, theme, and shape are all entwined with each other in both paintings. A succesful revolutionary refines what has passed and uses it to his own advantage. Matisse uses legends to push his ideas to the front. His traditional twists and new ideas were not his only ways to change the art world, his certain sense of appliqué was just as influential. Matisse's constant style of applying paint was
Marlowe considered that the earlier metre of the Romantic Drama had to be abandoned and the blank verse was seen to be the right vehicle. To employ blank verse in the romantic drama was the first step in Marlowe’s revolution. Both form and matter had to be transfigured. This transfiguration of the right dramatic metre showed Marlowe as a creative
Baroque is a term assigned to a European artistic expression style which spanned from the late 16th century to the late 18th century. Today it remains a popular era in art, literature, architecture, and music. The Roman Catholic Church was one of the largest supporters of Baroque art, as it served to oppose the relative minimalism and somberness of Protestant art of the time. As is typical, Baroque art was a reflection of the ongoing religious and other cultural changes that were occurring in Europe at the time. Although it embraces a variety of art styles Baroque is mainly characterized by grandeur, realism, and emotional drama.