Booker T. Washington and William E.B. DuBois had different approaches to political problems faced by African Americans from 1890 to 1915. Booker T. Washington was born into slavery in 1856. His early childhood consisted of manual labor in local mines and as a houseboy for a prominent white family. As a southerner Booker T. Washington often looked to practical solutions to his problems and to those of the black community.
Once the Civil War ended in 1861, the United States had to undergo a long period of Reconstruction. There was a large amount of lives loss from the war and America had lost a lot of money as well as resources from the war effort. The Southern states were rejoining the Union and now slaves were free to find their own living. This led to the Republicans, ex-Confederates, and freed slaves all forming their own agendas during the Reconstruction period. However, not everyone was as successful as they hoped to be.
Third, I will examine the criticism put forward by Molefi Kete Asante, who argued that ‘double-consciousness’ should not be seen as a universal feature of black life in America since it only applies to African-Americans in certain positions in society. However, I will conclude that through looking at modern society we can see that Du Bois’ work continues to be influential and thus must be taken to be a sound investigation into ‘The Souls of Black Folk’. In the first chapter of ‘The Souls of Black Folk’, Du Bois defined ‘double consciousness’ as a ‘sense of always looking at one’s self through the eyes of others, of measuring one’s soul by the tape of a world that looks on in amused contempt and pity’ (1903). Du Bois emphasised the feeling of inner conflict African-Americans feel: being Black, where you are labeled as a ‘problem’ (1903) and are ignored, pitied and stigmatised, and being American, which serves as a constant reminder of a legacy of oppression. He wrote that ‘One ever feels his two-ness, -an American, a Negro; two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled
Booker Taliaferro Washington was born into a slave family in Virginia (1865-1915). Growing up during the Reconstruction, he served as a houseboy for a white family, worked in a salt furnace, and attended Hampton Institute, a newly founded school for blacks. In that time frame of the late 1800’s, Booker T. Washington could see economic and social issues the blacks were facing. Examples of these issues were segregation, race, religion, white supremacy, non-skilled laborers, no education and such that the African American community were facing. With those issues, he concluded that after the Civil War, social uplift for the economy was not successful and that he could be an influencer on social changes and economic growth.
The police brutality of African Americans has shaped American history from the civil movements of the 20th century to the power movements of today’s society. The injustices of blacks reached a peak in the 1900s as a fight for equality and civil rights fueled deeper. Blacks were free from slavery but still weren’t seen as equals in American culture. The law is intended to protect it citizens but in that time blacks had no favor with the law and police. The same issues of inequality before the law and social acceptance have ignited a the modern day push for rights and fair treatment.
For them to do this, they had to fight in many cases. Another goal they accomplished was they changed how the United States felt about African Americans. A quote that talks about 6 main changes they have done to civil rights is, “The NAACP’s initiatives for the 21st century can best be summarized by its six ‘Game Changers’: economic sustainability, education, health, public safety and criminal justice, voting rights and political representation, and expanding youth and young adult engagement” (NAACP). The quote shows what progress the group has made after starting in 1909. Another event that changed civil rights is that they kept African Americans from illegal drugs.
The influence of Black Panthers and Black Power movement The progress made by African Americans in the 1950s and early 1960s at achieving their civil rights was compromised by violence. Many white people believed that the Black Panthers and Black Power was synonymous with violence and racism. The epitome of the Black Power Movement was the Black Panther Party. The Black Power movement emerged at a time when the modern civil rights movement was in its final stage as a viable movement for social, political, and economic change. The Black Power Movement of the 1960s and 1970s was a political and social movement whose advocates believed in racial pride, self-sufficiency, and equality for all people of Black and African descent.
Literature in general is a reflection of the life of the people, individuals, communities and societies. African American writers have engaged in a creative literary writing and explore identity, fragmentation, hardships and sufferings of the African descents in America. The history of African-Americans has been a paradox of incredible triumph in the face of tremendous human tragedy. The present study will examine the black experience in white America in late 19th century as well as through the twentieth century. In the light of that, this thesis is to provide an understanding of the role of black people have played in the history of the American nation and an assessment of why they were, until the relatively recent past, excluded from the promise of American democracy.
Thesis statement: The two great leaders in the black community debating about the issues that face the Negro race and Du Bois gave a compelling argument by using pathos, logos and ethos to create an essay that will appear to all readers. Outline: This essay will showcase the contradicting philosophies between W.E.B Du Bois and Booker T. Washington. Also, paying close attention to the different types of leadership between the two historic leaders in the black community. Both W.E.B Du Bois and Booker T. Washington contributed to and helped shape the future of African Americans. Dr. W.E.B Du Bois uses this essay to sway the audience of the insufficiency of the statements that Mr. Booker T. Washington has made about African Americans being submissive of rights and the creation of wealth.
Morrison is among the pioneer of those contemporary black writers who have redefined African- American writings in more ways than one. This assignment will focus on the aspects of gender bias and double consciousness in The Bluest Eye. The Bluest Eye works at different layers of the lives of black people. At one level it accounts for the racial discrimination faced by Afro-Americans throughout their life time. At another level, it is a clear narration of how internalized concepts of beauty works in the minds of blacks and they themselves become their oppressors.