The effectiveness was based on the color scale. The color scale was based on amount of oxygen produced by the chemical reaction.The chemical guaiacol was used during the experiment to easily see the speed of the chemical reaction because guaiacol turns brown in the presence of oxygen. On average the pH 8 had a color level of 6.17 more at the 5 minute check than pH 3. This is because the acidic pH 3 denatured the enzyme and it was not able to bind with the substrate to produce oxygen therefore there was less of it. Another factor that can affect the chemical reaction is temperature.
Lab report: How does the surface area affect the rate of reaction ? Introduction The rate of a chemical reaction (or reaction rate) is a calculation of the total time needed for a reaction to take place, or how quickly the reactants are transferred into products in a chemical process. This rate can be measured in two methods. The first one is to measure the rate at which the reactants are used up per unit of time, while the second method is to measure the rate at which the products are formed per unit of time. There are several factors that affect the rate of a reaction.
They tested how the temperature would affect the rate of reaction. This was observed by the amount of time it took for the solution to change colors. For many chemical reactions there is an optimum temperature at which the chemicals will react with each other. As was found in their experiment, the temperature affected the rate of reaction. (Deoudes, 2010).
The calculated value was 1.6 x 10^-5. Conclusions The resulting Ka of the acetic acid from this experiment’s calculations was consistent with the experimental results. The experimental percent of CH3COOH was calculated at 1.6 x 10^-5, while the actual value was 1.8 x 10^-5. The calculated value is much lower because the pH read from the graph at half of the equivalence was higher than the actual value. To have gotten a 0% error between the experimental and actual value for CH3COOH, the pH would have been measured at about 4.75, which is slightly more acidic than 4.80.
Abstract: To determine the rate law in each reaction and find the reaction rate, an experiment was conducted with acetone, acid, iodine, and water. By using different concentrations of each substance, a number of 4 times, the rate was giving of each reaction and recorded the times it took to react. Based off the results from the first four reactions, further data was collect with a fifth reaction. Using 15mL of acetone, 10mL of hydrochloric acid, 5mL of iodine, and 20mL of water, we got a rate of 8.77× 10-7. The reaction rate was much higher than the rates of the previous reactions.
Introduction The goal of the experiment is to examine how the rate of reaction between Hydrochloric acid and Sodium thiosulphate is affected by altering the concentrations. The concentration of Sodium thiosulfate will be altered by adding deionised water and decreasing the amount of Sodium thiosulphate. Once the Sodium thiosulphate has been tested several times. The effect of concentration on the rate of reaction can be examined in this experiment. The chemical equation for this experiment is hydrochloric acid + sodium thiosulphate + deionised water (ranging from 25ml to 0ml in 5ml intervals) sodium chloride + deionised water (ranging from 25ml to 0ml in 5ml intervals) + sulphur dioxide + sulphur.
Substrate concentration basically means the amount used for the substrate. The substrate in our experiment was 0.1% hydrogen peroxide. The 0.1% is the concentration amount. Just like temperature and pH, substrate concentration can speed the reaction only up to a certain limit. When we mixed pH 3 enzyme tube with substrate tube, we used 0.3 mL of hydrogen peroxide, but if we were to increase the amount, then the experiment would have been faster.
Thus, the amount of the carbon dioxide collected in measuring cylinder will be affected, causing the rate of reaction to be altered. In addition, the source of the random errors in this experiment is the widely spaced graduation mark on the 100mL measuring cylinder, result in variation in the eye level to determine the amount of carbon dioxide released and the amount of diluted hydrochloric acid used which may lead to the rate of reaction changes irregularly as the time taken to collect 30cm³ of carbon dioxide is affected. Equally important, the air movement in the room will also affect the rate of reaction as the air movement will affect the temperature, thus indirectly affect the rate of reaction. When magnesium carbonate reacts with hydrochloric acid, this is an exothermic reaction where heat will be release out and increases the rate of reaction. However, air movement in the room causes the advection of heat.
CH 204- Intro to Chem Practice Experiment 3-Enthalpy of Chemical Reaction Dana Lucas Robin Brown TA: Chris February 19, 2018 Introduction The purpose of this experiment was to calculate the change in enthalpy of 2 reactions using Hess’ Law by using a coffee calorimeter to measure the temperature changes in the sub reactions for MgO and a neutralization reaction. Germain Hess published this law in 1840, which described the first law of thermodynamics. In Hess’ Law, “the enthalpy change in a chemical reaction is independent of any intermediate reactions; that is, it is the same whether it takes place in one or several stages”1. The change in enthalpy can be described by the equation: The enthalpy, or heat, of reaction is described as products
To determine the rate of reaction there are many method to be used for example, measuring the mass after the product has been added and measuring the difference in mass on the duration of a digital scale. Another method, which will be used in this experiment is using a gas syringe to measure the volume of the gas which has been produced. The cylinder inside, will be pushed out to show a quantitative presentation of the volume produced by the reaction. Hypothesis I predict that the more baking powder added to the vinegar, the more reaction will take place causing for more gas to be produced per 10 seconds. There will be a gradual decrease in difference between volume in gas per 10 seconds over the duration of time.