This makes it clear-cut because it is clear and based solely around agency objectives. Workers have to follow strict commands set by the government to make sure that the policy is implemented to practice the way it was set out to. The problem with this is that it leaves no place for flexibility. Discretion is one of the concepts that are crucial for a street-level bureaucrat to work effectively. As seen in this book, a bottom-up model is when the government set out policy which gives workers the freedom to implement it, allowing them to be flexible with the local needs.
He needs to be able to review reports and send them back for corrections if needed. The first line supervisor needs to be able to administer discipline. Not everything bad an officer does need to be written-up. The supervisor has to be able to look at everything and take into consideration what an officer did wrong. The supervisor has to be able to decide if the issue is something he can pull an officer aside on and verbally couch him or something that has to go strait to a write-up.
In organizations, leaders organize individual behavior toward a common purpose. Leaders are trained to understand individual and group needs, as well as the factors that will motivate individuals to produce results. They encourage, praise, punish, teach and reward individuals and groups in a complex process of influencing behavior. When dealing with employees each team member is different and has a different work ethic and different response to the critics and praise given by the leader. In police settings, often times the leader is formally charged to conduct the leadership role or they assume the role informally.
Why does a jury have a foreperson? Why does a board of directors have a chairperson? Each of these groups is founded on the principle that each member gets a vote and power is distributed. But in order to accomplish decisions and missions, these groups succeed when they have strong leaders. Not leaders who silence the members and assume all power - rather, leaders who direct, motivate and inspire the members to work harder.
Be it dedication and sacrifices for one’s job or ones moral and ethical views and principles. These are examples of some traits a person can earn respect from normally. I say “Normally” because in all facets of life respect is almost always something to be earned and given on a personal level. My personal view is that showing respect is more a statement about us than those to whom we show it. Others may or may not merit our respect but giving others their dignity protects our integrity and honor.
To get the effectiveness of in attaining its goals with regard of ethics in workplace, McMahone (2012) emphasizes the need to have an evaluation techniques for level of effectiveness. Wright (2013) highlights that it is necessary to have leaders to act as roles models to guide their followers. But that is easier to be said than done it might be a real challenge in reality. It is needed to give leaders tools and techniques to guide with the complex challenge of ethics. Therefore, it is not for just taking courses about ethics, it requires continuum learning and development to reinforce skills and ethical
They maintained the acceptance of Legalism, in which the people must contribute their all to the state and rulers used firm society and severe disciplines to keep people in control, trusting that humans were typically destructive and dishonest. In correlation, they both acknowledged the influence of a concentrated, government rule which could manage most commercial activity. The rules of both ideas were appointed by the philosophies were outlined to assist guide the residents and guarantee arrangement within ancient
Many would believe that a group leader should only facilitate groups pertaining to issues they have been trained in. This would not be an outrageous assumption but one point that must be remembered is that experience and training come from a base point. You cannot gain experience in something we never encounter. You must comfortable with going outside of our comfort box and putting yourself in a place for learning. Group leaders must be able to receive criticism and be open to self-examination if they hope to become competent and ethical leaders (Corey, et al., 2015).
Nonetheless, there are basic principles that are shared by either. Consider what Hobbes had described in his work about the Leviathan. “...but if there be a common power set over them both, with right and force sufficient to compel performance, it is not void.” (Hobbes 100). In his work he describes an organization that must be in place in order to prevent the unavoidable result of everyone going to war with one another. While this is more of a forced ruling to make everyone abide by the same rules, it will perform its duty all the same.
It is also important to mention that it is never just one single person. To be a successful leader I also agree that one needs to have certain characteristic and skills. A leader needs to be able to simple lead, as you have stated. They need to direct and guide people to fulfill shared goals. Communication is also another huge skill.