From one perspective, our experience of ourselves is the most certain thing as Descartes himself would concur. Nonetheless, on the off chance that we can't define an unmistakable argument to go past this perspective, we are left with what is called solipsism, or the thought that we can just really have knowledge about our own mental states. Descartes himself attempted to base his knowledge of the outside world on the Cogito – his assurance he could call his own existence – and the way that more dependable knowledge is by all accounts clear and distinct. Notwithstanding, as we found in our dialog of the Meditations, both the thought of clear and distinct thoughts and the cogito itself were hazardous. As specified prior, Descartes was a scholar who wanted to think in solitude.
He believed that once he could be truly certain of one thing that he could re-build the world from there for the better. He begins his attempt at this by using methodic doubt. This is the process whereby Descartes eliminates anything from which he has the slightest doubt. He doubted the senses because they can often deceive us in the form that things may appear in one way but consequently
While the process that led to his first absolute certainty regarding his existence was impressive, the fact that he proposed his existence as the key to God’s existence demolished the credibility of his argument (Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy, p.70). For Descartes to exist, he believed that thoughts must come as a precondition. We understand that thoughts could only be able to process through a living organism. Before and right after the point at which his existence was proven as an absolute certainty, he had not confirmed that other living being could be capable of the same ability, thus if Descartes died then his thoughts would also being lost, his existence would be unproven and the very basis for the existence of God would be gone. The second problem with his argument lied within the cause and effect argument, in which there must exists a God whose presence encompassed everything.
Descartes declares he has to determine if there is a God and if he does exist, whether he can be a deceiver. The reason he has to determine the existence of God and what he is, rests in his theories of ideas. This is because we do not know if there is an outside world and we can almost imagine everything, so all depends on God’s existence and if he is a deceiver. “To prove that this non-deceiving God exists, Descartes finds in his mind a few principles he regards as necessary truths which are evident by the “natural light” which is the power or cognitive faculty for clear and distinct perception.” If arguments is presented in logical trains of thought, people could not help but to be swayed and to understand those arguments. Natural light
In Paragraph 11 of Rene Descartes’s Meditation I, he summarizes and reiterates the reasons for his doubt and the method he employs to build the foundation of knowledge. He also examines the rationale of his doubt and the extent to which he will sustain this doubtful attitude. First he explains the reasons of his doubt. He claims that opinions have constantly reverberated back to his mind against his will. Since these opinions have shaped him through time and traditions, he is not habituated to resist the desire to assent to these opinions.
We will be analyzing the work of Rene Descartes a French philosopher as well as a profound mathematician and scientist. We will be focusing on specifically, Descartes’ meditations (I, II) in which he describes to the reader his reaction in realizing how many false beliefs he held. He concluded that therefore he had to doubt anything he had depended those beliefs upon. In order to find what he knew he had to relinquish all his preconceived beliefs and start again from the foundations. It can even be pushed so far as to be read as a challenge to our very notion of rationality.
However, Descartes accepts that humans can be wrong by relying on their sensory knowledge, though mostly on small objects in life. Because the senses can be incorrect, skepticism states that it isn't what Descartes searches for. Descartes tries to reassure himself, saying that it his sense must have some truth, since he is not a mad person. However, mad people are certain that what they see is real, and Descartes has just proven that his sensory knowledge can be wrong at times, so skepticism states that he can never be sure that he isn't insane. Skepticism also doubts whether people's lives are dreams or not, as people can confuse their dreams as real
In addition, in connecting all those points together he also ponders upon on the idea of God. The mediations emphasized on finding the truth, and he also provided a logical and scientific explanation about how to verify the truth. Descartes explains the different form of the truth which created a clear and concise basis for the verification of the truth. The formulation of the simplest explanation about a certain phenomenon set the basis of the scientific revolution. This also leads to the idea that theories or laws, which are either absolute or have been proved by scientific law have more reliable than the saying of the random
Unlike many other books from the era, it doesn't try to improve or change the surrounding society directly, but instead tells how to find correct knowledge, which could be used for the good of others. Also, Descartes shows an slightly atypical approach to God's existence in this treatise. Especially in the later 1700's, many enlightened philosophers were indifferent or critical about deities' existence. In contrast of this, in the book Descartes regards God's existence essential for the basis of his philosophy. He even tries to prove God's existence in the third part of the treatise and then uses it as an fundamental part of
Methods of Rationalism by Plato and Descartes Philosophy has had an impact on mankind for thousands of years. This topic attempts to answer questions about the everyday world, and how things are the way they are. In Philosophy, there are many different topics that are discussed. These topics include Epistemology, Ontology, Ethics, Political and Social Philosophy, Aesthetics, Logic, and more. The topic that will be discussed in this paper is Epistemology, or the study of knowledge.