The beliefs and religion of the Sumerians and Egyptians lead to stable conditions for civilizations. The Sumerians were polytheistic, people believing in many gods. There has been over 3,000 gods and goddesses identified. For Sumerians, the most prominent building in the city was the temple. Ziggurats are massive towers dedicated to the chief god or goddess of their city which also stored surplus of food. When you look at document 6, you can see how high they built these towers so show the greatness of their past leaders. Sumerians used the form of government called theocracy's which believed their ruling depended solely on gods. Kings had great power such as leading armies, supervised buildings, organized workers and lived in large palaces. In a document is shares
Many people don't really know about ancient Egypt but it was one very interesting place. By the way, the people dressed all the way to how they mummified the Pharaohs and important people for the afterlife. There are just a lot of things to learn about ancient Egypt, but I'm going to narrow it down and talk about the social pyramid of Ancient Egypt.
Egypt social structure was like a pyramid. At the top was egypt’s ruler, Pharaoh. Below the pharaoh; next two highest classes in the social pyramid, which are government officials and priests. Then there were scribes. They recorded information for government and religious leaders. Artisans are the next layer of the social pyramid. Artisans were people like carpenters, metalworkers and painters. They were highly skilled, but they had little social status. At the bottom of the social pyramid were the peasants. They provided the Egyptians with a steady food
There are lots of different class structure in ancient Egypt. There is the high class, middle class, and the low class. It is almost like a pyramid, it goes to the higher class to the low class. The social classes were the groups with different levels of importance.
The Egyptian social hierarchy was very interesting because if you drew it it would be in the shape of a pyramid. The social hierarchy was in the shape of a pyramid because the lower you went down in the pyramid, the more the population would be in that class. At the top of the hierarchy, or pyramid, were the pharaohs and gods. After the pharaoh was the upper class, then the middle class. Below the middle class was the lower class, then at the bottom were the servants and slaves.
Egypt was built on both the sides of the River Nile. Egypt has the huge Mediterranean Sea as one boundary while the other boundary was a huge desert. The Nile is the only real river in the whole of North Africa, a phenomenon that gave the inhabitants of the valley a great advantage over all the other peoples west of them. In Egyptian society, the grain is considered the most important element. The female community was treated with respect.
In the Ancient world, Life began around rivers. Throughout this essay I will be comparing and contrasting two of the prominent ancient civilizations, the Egyptians and the Sumerians. They had many cultural and governmental differences between them. Below are some examples.
Religion was one of the most important and influential aspect of the ancient Egyptians’ lives. Religious impact affected almost everything in Ancient Egypt from the most important to very minor thing. Ancient Egyptian literature, philosophy, art and also governance had religious sense. Egyptian religion developed from simple polytheism to philosophic monotheism. Ancient Egyptian religion also has a great influence on government, medicine, art, and by means of these factors influenced Egyptians as well. The religious beliefs centered on the worship of numerous deities who signified various features of ideas, nature and purposes of power. Religion played a part in every aspect of the lives of the ancient Egyptians because life on earth was seen as only one part of an eternal journey, and in order to continue that journey after death, one needed to live a life worthy of continuance. So, the information about what did religion affect and how did religion affect the lives of the ancient Egyptians will be provided in this paper.
After the Neolithic Revolution Era, civilizations in Asia and Northeast Africa started to form. All of the civilizations in that area were located near water, so that’s why they were all called, River Valley Civilizations. The most advanced ancient river valley civilization was the Indus Valley Civilization. According to Document 5, it states that “While the cities of Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt were built with very little planning...the cities of the Indus Valley were sophisticatedly planned. The cities were built on a grid system.” With this specific planning of their city, it was easier for people to live their lives. The Indus Valley is built on this type of system, showed they were more sophisticated than other civilizations.
The African civilization of Egypt was one of the many first ancient civilizations. With this came a subsequent influence on later civilizations. Egypt, like many of the first civilizations like Mesopotamia, geographically relied on rivers. In this case, Egypt relied on the Nile River. Because of the mostly desert land, not much
i) The phenomenon that the “Hymn to the Nile “responds to the dependency of the Egyptian people on the Nile river. The text shows that the Nile river served as a source of life which sustained and provided all for Egyptians “who creates all that is good” (“Hymn to the Nile” stanza 9). The text asks questions about who controls the Nile and why it flow the way it does - the text itself answers that it is the Egyptian god Hapy who controls the Nile. Hapy is the god of the Nile (Professor David Wardle, Wednesday the 17th of February) who delivers the drought or the floods affecting the prosperity of the land (“Hymn to the Nile” stanza 1). The
Egypt, positioned thirty miles on the east and west side of the Nile River, was rich in natural resources. Surrounding Egypt were miles of desert and low elevated land. The Nile had cataracts which made it very challenging for people to cross and enter into Egypt. In addition to the cataracts, the deserts surrounding Egypt separated it from neighboring civilization. Both of these factors protected the Egyptians from invasions. The civilizations were directly affected by the geography of their land. Overall, Egypt was more politically stable and had a better chance of survival then Mesopotamia because of the natural barriers which made it hard for others to enter in and begin
In Egypt and Mesopotamia, geography is a big part of how civilizations were created. Egypt naturally has boundaries which makes it a good place for a civilization. Egypt’s boundaries include the Nile, Sahara desert, red sea, and mediterranean sea. This makes it a good place for civilization because its hard to conquer and has a good water source. Also, the Nile has predictable flooding. In Mesopotamia, there were no boundaries and 2 rivers. The rivers were the Tigris and Euphrates and were very unpredictable for flooding.
The Nile River is one of the most well-known and iconic rivers on Earth. Empires and many nations were built near the Nile because of the many benefits the Nile provided. The Ancient Egyptian empire lasted from about 3100 BCE to 30 BCE and many cities and farms were built around the Nile at the time. The Nile is located in Eastern Egypt, south of the Mediterranean Sea and is about 4,258 miles long. Even their religion was based on the many bonuses the Nile provided that helped the empire grow and stay alive. Throughout all of the years that Ancient Egypt had existed, the question still remains, how did the Nile sculpt Ancient Egypt? The Nile River shaped ancient Egypt in several areas of Egyptian life. Three of these areas were city location, religion, and farming.
Ancient Egypt is a civilization("timemaps"). The ancient civilization of Egyptians is what built, and what Ancient Egypt came to be. Civilization is a stage of human development and organization that is considered to be most advanced. Your developing, building things, to its advanced. It 's also used as culture, for civilization. Civilization of Ancient Egypt had begun around 3000 BC ("Timemaps.ancientcivilization"). When the Egyptians started to civilize, they were very successful and have created a numerous amount of things, that have made them known. If the civilization of the Egyptians had never came up to or they have never started civilization, Ancient Egypt and Egypt today wouldn 't be big, or what it has come to today, with all