Agriculture allowed people to settle in one place and it was a key point for society's survival. The rivers of both civilizations provided water for fertile crops, unlike Mesopotamia, Egypt was fortunate enough to have a river that flooded the surrounding banks and leaving a rich soil for agriculture (the Gift of Nile). Mesopotamia flooded was unpredictable and sometimes chaotic, they had to struggle to irrigate their agricultural land. Although Mesopotamia began as a combination of city-states, it soon became a powerful main state, with remembrance to monarchy. Egypt had a Pharaoh, a transmitted position from father to son, establishing long-lasting dynasties.
For living in a time period where there was not a lot of technological advances that would help them build what they wanted at a faster pace, they had to learn to work with what they had. They also had to learn how to work with materials to be able to make the magnificent and amazing temples, that they are known for. “ The general temple-pyramid consisted of a platform, a long, broad, steep double staircase going up the center, with balustrades going up the sides of the steps. The Aztecs used sculpted stone blocks and skulls to decorate the platform and the ends of the balustrades” (General Construction of Pyramid-Temples). The Aztecs used and made platforms and tools that would help them make their temples better and better each time.
Besides being separated by an ocean, the Romans and Aztecs were very much alike. Both were ruled by emperors worshipped as a god, both had highly trained and skilled armies that contributed to their land control, and both believed in polytheistic religions. On the other hand, there are significant differences between the two empires, like the type of government system, economy, and social structure each civilization
Though they appear to be drastically different, they have some similarities upon further inspection. Menkaure and His Wife is thought to be from the Old Kingdom time period, which was from 2686-2181 BCE. On the other hand, Akhenaten is from the New Kingdom, specifically the Amarna time period, which happened between 1391-1353. Both of the statues were found in Egypt and they have a great many similarities considering they were created many years apart. Both of the statues depict Egyptian kings, or Pharaohs.
From the calendars we still use today, to the way we grow crops with farming, ancient civilizations such as the Mayas, the Aztecs, and the Incas influenced and created the way we contribute our skills towards the public. These people’s expertise proves just how they improved the world. The civilizations were advanced for their time based on their early society, their accomplishments, and the remains that are still remembered, as well as viewed to this day. One of the ways that the Mayas, the Aztecs, and the Incas were successful was through their people’s actions in a community.
Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, modern day Iraq, were two civilizations that shaped the way with regards to the religious, public works, and government aspects of our lives. They showed how to act in order to be successful. Many of the acts that were performed in ancient times are still done today. There are many aspects that go into a civilization, but the three that were really significant in the ancient civilizations of Egypt and different Mesopotamian civilizations were the similarities and differences between the religious, public works, and governmental aspects. When archeologists look at two different civilizations they often use the skill of comparison.
The Egyptians depended on the Nile River. The Nile river was one of Egypt’s biggest resource. The Nile River is important because it provides Egypt with irrigation, power, a steady water supply and rich soil. It was the lifeblood of ancient Egyptian transport, agriculture, and remains crucial for sustaining life in the barren deserts of Egypt today. At over 4,000 miles long, it is the longest river The Nile River makes agriculture, fishing and boating possible in Egypt.
If not for the Nile, Egypt wouldn’t have been as it is today. One way the Nile influenced Ancient Egypt was its creation of the land. It turned a barren desert into a fruitful oasis. In Document A, I can see from the map that all of the cities are surrounding the Nile, and not one city strays from the path of the water. This shows that they relied upon the Nile to
Tikal is a city “located in the north of the Petén region of Guatemala, [and] was a major city which flourished between 300 and 850 CE”(Cartwright). While the city is located on ground level, the urban planning of Tikal shows much forethought as it “consists of nine different plazas and courts connected by causeways and ramps and has, in all, over 3,000 structures” (Cartwright). The towering structures are mammoth in size, but are given room to breath because “the buildings are spread over some 15 square kilometres, and so the city was relatively low in density”(Cartwright). Though the Maya and the Inca practiced different religions, they both had animal worship and reverence through art. The religious aspects of mayan culture is easily seen in the architecture of the great city as many stones are inscribed with messages describing or paying homage to their gods (the Maya had a written language).
Egyptian Art The Significance of the Afterlife in Ancient Egypt The tomb structures represent the great architectural designs of ancient Egypt. Interestingly, the development of the tomb structures dates back to the time of Predynastic Architecture (3100 BCE),when the Egyptian societies in both Lower and Upper Egypt followed different burial customs. This made the tomb buildings to varygreatly at the time.
Ancient Mesopotamia had four first cities: Sumer, Uruk, Ur, and Babylon. Sumer is located in modern day Iraq. The people of Sumer are known as Sumerians. Sumerians built many cities and because they lacked stone and timber they used mud bricks to build with instead. They influenced many cities with their arches, ramps, columns and pyramid shaped ziggurat (Document 1).
In Ancient Egypt and Ancient Mesopotamia they had both similarities and differences in their political, economical, and social characteristics. Ancient Egypt had pharaohs, invented the ramp and lever, and they had polytheistic beliefs, while Mesopotamia had kings and queens, invented the wheel, and didn’t have a set religion. In Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia had strong political structures. In Ancient Egypt the people in the dynasty were ruled by pharoahs.
Geography played a huge role in the lives of both the ancient Egyptians and the Mesopotamians. It affected much more than crop cycles or the weather; it affected everything about the way each group lived, including the way each viewed their own separate gods. Egypt and Mesopotamia aren’t very far apart by our standards today, but those 900 miles back then made a lot of difference. The main things both civilizations had in common were things like being dry deserts that lay close to rivers with fertile soil for crops to grow. These similarities are what allowed both groups to flourish and expand into a long-staying civilization of people.