Compare And Contrast Erikson And Sigmund Freud

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As defined in the Psychology: Perspectives and Connections textbook, “psychology is the scientific study of thought and behavior” (Feist & Rosenberg, 2011). The two psychologists that have impacted society with their concepts and who are going to be explored in this paper are Erik Erikson and Sigmund Freud. They are two well-known psychologists that have both contributed to the field of psychology and, like most psychologists, have originated from different backgrounds. In this case, their early life and careers have laid the foundation for their path towards the contribution of their theories and concepts to science. To begin with, Erik Erikson was a German-American psychologist and psychoanalyst who was born on June 15, 1902, in Frankfurt,…show more content…
With his new fascination for psychoanalysis, he got trained in that field at the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute. While he was being trained, Nazis took over Germany and he was forced to leave the country in 1933. He immigrated to Boston, where he became the first child psychologist. Over the next three years, he worked in other institutions, like the Massachusetts General Hospital, the Judge Baker Guidance Center, and Harvard Medical School. It was not until 1936 when Erikson joined the Harvard University and worked at the Institute of Human Relations. Interestingly, while he was there, he studied a group of children on a Sioux reservation in South Dakota (TheFamousPeople.com). Eventually, Erikson left Harvard University and joined the staff of California University in 1937 where he was associated with the Institute of Child Welfare. While he was there he observed the children in the Yurok tribe. This lead to The Famous People concluding that “all of his observations of children of different environments and breeds led to compilation of the most famous book of his psychology career, ‘Childhood and Society’ in 1950. The book introduced the world to the concept of ‘identity
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