Because of the numerous shortcomings of the Articles the convention that was held to modify the Articles wound up discarding the Articles of Confederation and starting from the very beginning once more. A weak Congress was one of the principle weaknesses of the Articles. “The Articles created a loose confederation of sovereign states and a weak central government, leaving most of the power with the state governments” (Library of Congress). The main issue with the Articles of Confederation was that it neglected to give power to the government. The new states needed to unite under one Constitution and form a sovereign central government.
As the name implies, this party was quite the opposite of the Federalists. The DR party was populist, meaning they believed in representing the common people. This party believe that there should not be a strong central government, and that power should be mostly held by the states. This strength of this system would be that it would allow states to conduct their own business, and be able to more appropriately and quickly solve matters of local and state importance, while keeping freedoms that could be taken by a central government. Both of these systems have their pros and cons, and as such a mix of both is preferable.
The Constitution protected the people from tyranny by federalism, checks and balances, and equal power between the Senate and House of Representatives. One way the Constitution guarded against tyranny is federalism. As stated in Federalist Paper #51, by James Madison, he states that “ In the compound republic of America, the power surrendered by the people is first divided between two distinct governments… the different governments will each control each other, at the same time that each will be controlled by itself.” Federalism prevented tyranny because neither the central government or the states had too much power. This is important because the power would be split between the two. For example, things that would happen in the state would be reserved for the state such as holding elections, establishing schools, and passing marriage and divorce laws.
The United States struggled under the Articles of Confederation, able to declare war and foreign policy, but unable to collect revenue to sustain its actions. The Constitution was designed to give more power to the national government primarily by empowering it with the responsibilities of establishing and maintaining central banking and financial policies. The national government was able to ask for monies from the states, but was not able to enforce collections of those monies needed to sustain their actions. The thirteen states essentially had recently revolted against Britain and its heavy handed tactics of collecting revenue and were almost immediately being asked to ratify and accept changes that would allow the new government to enforce funding as well. Since most of the framers of the Constitution were considered prominent and financially secure, this left the farmers and trades persons of lower class and wealth with the impression of returning back to a heavy handed government
This convention aimed to fix all problems with the Articles of Confederation. However this idea was eventually scrapped and they wrote a whole new constitution. This constitution would protect America from tyranny, so they could keep a civilized and united country. The Constitution that was made helped defend America from almost all types of tyranny and is still helping us hundreds of years later. One way the Constitution prevented tyranny is by supporting Federalism.
Back in olden times there was a war about the united states but did you know that it took away to write to constitution and to ratify it. The U.S constitution was to help the country agree on things and stay happy without wars. Ratify means to be approved. Yes the constitution should be ratified because of the bill rights, separation of power and talking about the bill of rights. I think this for these reasons.
One party wants to do it their way, while the other believes that isn’t the correct path to follow. Lastly, I learned that the U.S government is slowly progressing to become more diverse from Congress to the president and to the Supreme Court. 2. What is each branch responsible for? Each branch has specific powers that is assigned through the Constitution.
Since the foundation of this country its people have identified more with their State and local government than the Federal Government. The Federal Government is look upon with suspicion and distrust. When the Constitution of the United States was written, the Founding Fathers were very careful to create a government that will not dominate and obliviate the local governments. The Revolutionary War was indeed a Civil War fought against a tyrannical centralized government. The founders of this country wanted to be sure that this tyranny was not present in the laws and functions of this new nation.
In spite of this, not everyone was happy about the new Constitution. This broke people up into two groups: Anti-Federalists and Federalists. The Anti-Federalists were those in favor of strong states’ rights. They disliked the Constitution because they believed that there was a chance that Constitution would destroy the freedoms the colonies fought for. They were scared of tyranny, especially pertaining to the fact that under the new Constitution, the national government, or Congress, would be able to make decisions without even asking for the states’ permission.
Consent is not always risen from a direct act, it could be indirect and many philosophers have tried to get around this whole concept of indirect consent. A classic example of indirect consent, could be nationwide elections. By taking part in the elections, you are indirectly consenting to the authority of the state, because if you intend to become obligated by voting then you are allowing the state to enforce laws that should be obeyed, even though you may not always agree with them. If we do not like the laws implemented upon us, we can protest them, but this disqualifies the whole concept of a democratic state, because a state that is democratic would administer certain laws and its citizens would be obligated to obey them. What about a
Federalism is just a fancy word for the powers given to the states, to the central government, and powers the two share. Document A states that the central government can regulate trade, conduct foreign relations and declare war. The states can set up local governments, hold elections and establish schools. As James Madison said, “The different governments will each control each other, at the same time that each will be controlled by itself.” What James Madison is trying to say is that the central and state governments have enough power that they don’t control everything. The central government has enough power to help some of the country’s major needs and the state government has enough power to help the state’s needs because the state’s needs may be more specific.
While with the Articles of Confederation, it was the states that held majority of the power and jurisdiction of the United States; these powers were being granted to the new National Government. The individual state governments would though maintain some of the authoritarian power that was granted in the Articles of Confederation. This was a major concern of our founding fathers, they did not want a national government that would become so powerful, that its’ citizenry would become its subjects such as that they revolted against, England. So of this fear was born the separation of powers between the different branches of the national government. Both houses of the legislature would have to agree on a cause for a law to be enacted, and once approved it would be sent to the newly created executive branch for that elected official to sign into law.
The Founding Fathers wanted to form a government that was different from the British and did not allow one person to have all control. Some of the Founding Fathers, like Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and John Adams took inspiration from the Iroquois confederacy. Like the Iroquois Constitution, the Constitution of the United States provided guidelines for each branches of government, the Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branch. Each branch having its own responsibilities while, working together to assure the rights of citizens. Through checks and balances, a branch may use its powers to check the powers of the other two branches in order to maintain a balance of power.
The Anti-Federalists that opposed the constitution believed that the constitution would give too much power to the government. The Anti-Federalists argued that a powerful government would become tyrannical like the British monarchy that they worked so hard to escape from. This led them to create The Bill of Rights. Today’s government has similar problems. Nowadays some politicians believe that The Bill of Rights is a living document that can be changed or manipulated to “better fit” the era that we live in.
Of course problems would arise due to the ability of them knowing what they didn’t want when they should’ve known what the should have. Although the Articles of Confederation created the Northwest Ordinance; the failure to produce a stable Economy, the weakness of the Federal Government, and the inability to create a strong and structured army were causes of the Articles of Confederation. The Articles had forgot able many problems that could be faced