The River Valley Civilizations of ancient China, Egypt and Mesopotamia were crucial contributions to future civilizations. They invented new ways of writing, laws to help keep civilization and society just and controlled and developed trade routes to help spread cultural diffusion. In documents 1 & 4, they talk about the two different types of writing, cuneiform and hieroglyphics. Cuneiform was the world’s first written language, created over 5,000 years ago by Sumerians.
Even though the cyclical empires did not always last long, they still managed to leave an impact on Western Civilization. No matter the size of the empire they were, they contributed to make the society better and continue to grow. Mesopotamia established things such as writing, military, and trade. Ancient Egypt built upon their land and fixed their religious views. Even the smallest contributions made a difference in the Western
After the Bronze Age, the cultural breakdown that occurred diversified the world’s population. In similarity, religion diversified as well. In research, one finds many different religions and many religions that were more to society than just something they practiced. The Egyptians served many gods. This servitude influenced many of their decisions.
The establishment of global empires from 1850-1950 has truly shaped the world into what it is today. With powerful militaries, persuasive politicians, and determined missionaries, the West had major influence in African and Asian nation-states. Their control amongst these territories not only affected the people in them but people native to other, surrounding nations. That’s how strong of an influence the West had. All of the imperial powers changed the societies they ruled into a more modernized state, bringing them closer to the rest of the world economically, politically, and culturally.
Unfortunately, this thinking prevented the Chinese from learning from western technology and science. As a result the West was able to easily defeat the Qing in key battles such as the Opium War in 1839 to 1841. In contrast to the Ottomans, the Qing was unable to compromise with the West and Europe forced its way into China. However, both societies were influenced by Western methods, despite attempts to restore traditional ideology and campaigns by both Chinese
During the Hellenistic Era, the once unified empire was divided into smaller kingdoms ruled by the Generals of Alexander the Great. (Hemmingway 2017) Through the inspiration of the eastern realms, traits from the regions flowed from the east influencing western cultures as well as western influence passed into the east creating a Hellenistic Culture. The Social and Political societies absorbed influences from the east like a melting pot comprised of the various cultures which made its way all the way back to Greece. Moreover, the Greeks benefitted from the knowledge of the east and incorporated mathematics, astrology and medicine into their lives.
Amazing Ancient Civilizations Whenever one considers amazing ancient civilizations, Egypt and Mesopotamia may come to mind. Egypt is known for their architecture, hieroglyphics, gods, and Pharaohs. Mesopotamia was one of the early civilizations that constructed cities, advanced farming, and created and enforced the first law code.
Another branch of success that the French had was their aggressive and supreme military, creating expansion of their borders. Both the French absolute monarchy and the English monarchy used success to help modernize each of their societies. A major difference between the French and the English was their use of kings. While the French supported absolutism or the autocratic rule of their king, the English distributed equal power to the parliament as well as the king. These two uses of kings greatly affected the pace of modernization in their respective societies, absolutism proving to be less accelerated.
During the time between 1500 and 1914 the creation of a new modern society surfaced, it emerged from the intersection between scientific, French, and industrial revolution. All of which took shape initially in western Europe. The societies in Europe sparked new ideologies throughout the world for the past several centuries, people start believing in social equality and the the poverty is within reach, ordinary citizen can participate in political life, women can be equal to men, and slavery can be abolished. The growing ability of these modern societies to exercise power and influence changes from one empire to another and also they intersect in certain areas. Europeans were clearly the dominant players in the atlantic world, and their societies
After the transition from the hunter-gatherer lifestyle to the agricultural lifestyle, civilizations in Mesopotamia grew where a central government and leader was needed. City-states first appeared such as Uruk, Sumer, and Ur which was under the rule of one powerful leader such as King Gilgamesh who was the Sumerian King. Religion deeply impacted the government and leaders were often called upon in religious matters. The development of such governments in Mesopotamia were soon followed by the governments of the Nile river valley civilization, the Indus river valley civilization, and the Huang He river valley
After the capture of Constantinople, the Ottoman Empire changed the name to Istanbul and began to expand rapidly thereafter. The Ottomans had originally used an army that had two separate forces, one was a light cavalry and the other volunteer infantry. Throughout the Ottomans expansion, they rapidly improved their military strength through the use slave troops known as Janissaries. The Ottomans bordering neighbor was the Safavid Empire. The Safavid Empire under the rule of Shah Ismail tried to control the masses with political propaganda, which used various stories of their choosing to explain the events that unfolded however they desired.
An empire is defined as an extensive supreme authority across many countries; something that cannot be broken or unrivaled in its glory and throughout the ages there have been many rise and fall situations where an empire can last for decades but also can fall within the mere beginning of when it starts to spread. Ancient empires before the 600BC used several strategies to become successful. One of the methods that made empires successful and sustainable during this period was effective war skills. During this period, empire were usually acquired and created through wars. For instance, Nebuchadnezzar the then King of Babylon made his kingdom very powerful through capturing Jerusalem and bringing it to Babylon in 586 BC.
Gunpowder empire are very similar and complex in the same way. They grew empires and provided empires with deadly weapons at the same time. I personally think that gunpowder helped grow empires because they were able to defeat many empires at a faster rate since battles didn't last all day. The Russians expanded their territory because they had gunpowder. Portugal was able to defend their ships better because they had cannons.