Introduction The city-states of Athens and Greece were ruled by a diverse range of governments. Under these were the monarchy, the aristocracy, the tyranny, the oligarchy and the democracy. In this paper we will compare and contrast these 5 forms of governments in ancient Greek city-states. The Monarchy A monarchy is a type of government most recognizable by the fact that power rests in the hands of one person. Usually in the past, monarchies have been ruled by kings, together with his advisors.
3. Compare and contrast the idea of democracy in Ancient Greece and Rome. Which system was more democratic and why? Democracy is the modern day standard for governmental systems. However up until 500 BCE, the concept of Democracy was a foreign concept, and the great civilizations of that era were run by monarchs, aristocrats, and religious leaders of sorts.
Ancient Greek Forms of Government Introduction to the Various Forms of Government Ancient Greece has experienced numerous forms of government throughout the years. The five forms of government that I will compare and contrast are monarchy, oligarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, and democracy. All of these words derived from Greek origins but they are all very different. Monarchy The word monarchy is originated in Greece and comes from the terms monos (meaning: single) and arkhein (meaning: rule). A monarchy is therefore a form of government in which the power is in the hands of one person.
Rome's kings were overthrown, the Senate continued to assist the consuls. alikes and dislikes of the roman and greek government. What civilizations have in common is that they had great leaders in government and let there people vote.Rome and Greece’s government has representatives like we do each citizen was expected to vote for every law. They did have officials to run the government, Rome’s government was allowed two people in power instead of one because if there was only one then he would be too much power and he or she only served for two terms. On the other hand Greece’s government only let one dictator to be their leader and he or she served for two terms.
How did democracy develop in Athens? Athens is the birthplace of democracy. At first, Athens was a polis which was under a monarchy. Then a king made himself one of the archons which is an elected leader to rule the city which was an aristocracy because only the wealthy and special families could become archons. Athenians appointed Draco to create laws which established equity and stability.
Governments in the former great city-states were turned into smaller pieces of what they once had been and therefore they had much bigger problems than to worry about women. There was a great lack of men left over to fight for these city-states, as well as a lack of men to reproduce. The smaller governments fought each other for more land and power, further destroying the little population of men that they had. In this power vacuum, Macedonian, which had long been seen as little threat, gained power and eventually conquered all of Greece, the Mediterranean, and much of the modern-day Middle East through its rulers Phillip II and Alexander the Great. The arrival of Macedonian conquerors brought with it customs that had not been common within Greece and its counterparts.
Helots provided the economic needs for Sparta, while its citizens engaged in military service. The Spartans used brutal methods to repress any helot rebellion. The Spartans collapsed as a major power state after losing the battle against the Thebans in the Battle of Leuctra. The weakened Spartan army no longer had the power repress the helot from revolting. The Spartans contributed significantly to women’s right.
They were rich and highly influential people of the society. All the important decisions were decided or influence by these group of elders. Among themselves, they will select their kings. Spartans had two kings, however their powers were limited because the Ephors and Gerousia can dictate them what to do. These are the rules that governed in the selection of public office holder in
However, these positive steps did little to hide the fact that he crippled Rome’s government and took advantage of its people. Augustus manipulated the governmental system so that he alone controlled Rome, which resulted in a monarchy. He also used his power to deceive citizens into supporting him. Because he abused the powers given to him, the reign of Caesar Augustus was detrimental to ancient Rome. Almost immediately after Augustus came to power, he began manipulating Rome’s entire political system in order to give himself absolute control.