This concept of separation of powers influenced James Madison when writing The US Constitution because it ensured that one branch of government could not gain more power than another. Although both were immensely influential, John Locke was more because he shaped the founding of the United States. Locke influenced in the formation of the Declaration of Independence with his redefined ideas on the nature of government and every human’s natural
John Locke was a philosopher and political scientist. He had many interests and produced a number of writings that influenced future leaders. One of these leaders was Thomas Jefferson, who was involved with the aid of America and the act gaining independence from Britain. The Declaration of Independence and Locke’s views on government contain many similar aspects. These ideas includes the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness (natural rights); the protection that is provided by the government for these rights; and the altering or abolishment of government if it fails to provide and protect the rights of the people.
Locke wants people to stand up for the rights that they deserved. Jefferson wanted to create a government contract for the people, which would allow for them to become an independent nation. Locke’s declaration creates revolts and made the American people start thinking about what they wanted for themselves. His declaration caused damage to the great nation until Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence which united the people. The social contract in John Locke’s declaration is the State of Nature.
Later being added to his works, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, becoming the “Father of Liberalism”. Locke’s ideas from the Two Treatises of Government and An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, were based upon the natural rights where power comes from the people. Both of his pieces contributed to revolutions, most importantly the American Revolution as power from monarchies was removed and democracies were created. Allowed for limited government power and all obligations were to the citizens. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding basis was on how the knowledge existence of God, certain moral truths, and laws of logic or mathematics pertained to the natural rights of
• Thomas used Aristotle’s view of natural law to justify the authority of the Roman Catholic Church in political as well as religious matters. For the purpose of explaining the fundamental reasons of law he used Aristotle’s philosophy and added the use of an eternal ruler. John Locke • John Locke had a distinct influence on the writers of the American Constitution by advocating for human rights and liberty through democracy. In saying so, he believed that the mass majority of ordinary people can be capable of giving consent to their governor/ruler as opposed to the Monarch government. However if the ruler did not comply with the needs of the people, Locke believed that the public had the justified right to rebel.
Philosophers influenced with new thoughts. The English philosopher John Locke impacted with his ideas about the natural rights, which are the rights of the human being outside of law. The french thinker Montesquieu published “The Spirit Of Loss” which was a book that talked about how the government should be. He was responsible for the discussion about separating the government into three power: legislative, executive, and judicial. Another influential philosopher was the french Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who wrote the Bill Of Rights.
In early 1776 John Adams believed it would take a design of providence in winning the American people to the side of independence from British rule. John Adams ‘providence’ would come from an unlikely source in the way of Thomas Paine. Paine grew up in Britain with a somewhat nondescript upbringing. However, he did experience some valuable lessons in politics early in life that seemed to shape his demeanor towards the British government. These lessons would provide Paine with the perspective needed to inspire the inhabitants of America with the singular objective for independence.
The second is the liberal school of which Thomas Paine represents. Both were supporters of the American Revolution for varied reasons, however, when the French Revolution happened, Burke blamed the Enlightenment and the French philosophers for the problems and mistakes. Paine supported the French revolutionary cause and defended the Enlightenment and the French
The great English philosopher and political theorist John Locke laid much of the foundation of the Enlightenment period as well as having a major role to the synthesis of the idea of a liberal and limited government. He is regarded by many as the father of, what is now known as, British Empiricism. He’s also had great influence in fields such as theology with his theories of religious tolerance as well as educational theories. He published extensive essays such as An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, in which he discusses the way humans acquire knowledge by applying an empiricist theory; suggesting that we acquire ideas by directly interacting with our environment (Connolly, n.d.). The Two Treaties of Government, one of his most famous political works, introduces the idea that the power of government is with the people and he uses arguments such as natural rights and social contract to support his claim.
Charles mistook the way that political power operated. He saw the English government as one where it separated and balanced powers instead of one central part holding all the power. Montesquieu contributed to the checks and balances system when the US was beginning to