After the war not much changed nobles once again controlled the land and the poor. Both Germany and Austria tried their hand at creating a Absolute Monarch, but neither were truly successful due to a large and powerful nobility and diverse ethical and religious beliefs. Prussia was probably the closest thing Eastern Europe had to Absolutism even though the nobility still held a good bit a power due to land control and leadership of the lower class. In western Europe on the other hand, had a successful absolute monarchy. Franch can be used as a prime example of an absolute monarch in Western Europe.
We are all power hungry in one way or another. Whether its in sports, or whether its about running a country, we would kill for power and this is show clearly in Harry Potter as he has to kill Voldemort in order to get that power and control that was needed. In a letter written by Dumbledore in the story, he states that only the necessary amount of power must be used to achieve what we need, not more, and not less. "Yes, we have been given power and yes, that power gives us the right to rule, but it also gives us responsibilities over the ruled. We must stress this point, it will be the foundation stone upon which we build… where we meet resistance, we must use only the force that is necessary and no more."
Liberal ideas were in favor of the majority in the country so it paved way for further unification as an independent state which emerged from all hierarchy. In order to defeat other powerful enemies, a strong state would have more advantages as it served as a collective defense. Nationalism accelerated the process of unification since it utilized the military force and political support from a large number of patriots and liberalists. Nationalism which was the emphasizing of the national identifying, and aspiration of independence promotes the unification of Italy and Germany because it focused on the majority’s voice in the country. James Stuart Mill, (Doc 2) who was a proponent of national identity, accentuated the necessity of a constitution
In contrast to Charlemagne’s feudalism, in Ancient Regime everyone was subject of the king, as well as of an estate and province, but nationality and citizenship didn’t exist. By this time, the military revolution has already begun, and with it absolutism rose in the political sphere of France. (Palmer) The Military Revolution was a product of insecurity and political tensions throughout Europe, which later requires the Balance of Powers within the continent. The feudal armies of the past were dispersing, so the possession of the army transferred from nobility to the King, granting him even more power. This aspect of military might became the key piece for centralizing power in France, controlling the army meant collecting taxes without the consent of the Estates General, therefore diminishing the power of Estates.
These nations were very militaristic and probed for a new war, especially Germany. It wanted to get rid of its financial obligations and restrictions of the treaty of Versailles. Germany started arming rapidly and spread fear throughout
When these measures did not prove sufficient, the monarch waged war against these opposing groups, which was cleverly called ‘diplomacy by other means’. The spoils of the wars brought in revenue for the kingdom and displayed the military prowess of the state. However, these wars did not take place simply to further eco-political aspirations but more importantly, in the monarch’s expansionist view, he sought to destroy obstacles that would prevent him from being the sole power in all his conquered land. Many of these wars took place within the state itself, as there were several ruling families and warring factions with varying ideologies who all looked to be the only rulers of the state. Therefore, absolutism was also an achievement that referred to a ruler being able to diminish the power of the other ruling families and establish their power as the strongest and, most importantly, the only power in that state.
It is heavily influenced from the Groation tradition. According to this perspective, regimes are much more pervasive and exist in all areas of international relations. Contrary to the conventional structure and modified structural, this viewpoint moves away from realist thinking as it is “too limited to explain an increasingly complex, interdependent, and complex world.” This approach rejects the assumption that the international system is comprised of states and the balance of power is solely due to force. Rather, it argues that elites are the principal actors and that they have national and transnational ties. An example Krasner gives is that the “statesmen nearly always perceive themselves as constrained by principles, norms, and rules that prescribe and proscribe varieties of behavior”.
In a historical matter, it refers to an unpredicted movement or an organizational structure, often violent, to either replace a constitution or modify it. Where people are demanding something from their powerful leaders in the higher positions.
Throughout history numerous political movements have sought to make significant changes to their country by exacting a revolution. In some instances, this idea of revolution is carried out using militant or physical force and this usually happens when constitutional politics cannot deliver what is desired of the revolutionaries. There are many reasons as to why a revolution is started but usually it is due to differences in beliefs in politics and the result of a rebellion can be down to extremely different living standards for people in a society. Often the revolutionaries want to better the lives of their nation’s citizens and to develop their country into an equal and thriving civilisation. The failings of previous governments, unfair treatment
However, it caused the World War because of pre-existing conditions, that caused countries to be on the brink of war. It was the alliances that divided Europe already into two major teams, causing tension between countries in the opposing alliances. Militarism set countries on the race to build the biggest army and navy which also caused tension between countries which were competing in the race to build the biggest military. The arms race got the countries ready for war, and since all countries build massive armies the war became one of the bloodiest wars that wrought havoc upon
In addition, huge alliances with a mixture of smaller and bigger countries had the potential to involve the world’s strongest military powers in a small dispute between obscure countries. This situation all meant the countries created increasingly effective weapons in order to be the best started a war which was further escalated by the
Federalism is just a fancy word for the powers given to the states, to the central government, and powers the two share. Document A states that the central government can regulate trade, conduct foreign relations and declare war. The states can set up local governments, hold elections and establish schools. As James Madison said, “The different governments will each control each other, at the same time that each will be controlled by itself.” What James Madison is trying to say is that the central and state governments have enough power that they don’t control everything. The central government has enough power to help some of the country’s major needs and the state government has enough power to help the state’s needs because the state’s needs may be more specific.
Even though George Washington made it a big point in his farewell address, about how political parties would cause problems, the beliefs about how our young new country should have been ran was very broad and different and so it was inevitable that the different parties would form. While the Federalists believed that the highly educated businessmen should represent the people and run the government, the Democrat-Republicans thought a very different opinion, that the country should use its citizens to make decisions about the nation 's government and to have equal
These wars showed just how much Britain controlled the colonies, politically and economically. Britain raised taxes for the colonists, made more rules, and put more soldiers there. All these efforts by Britain just caused the colonists to rebel. This really raised the question of how much control Britain had over the colonists. The colonists ended up developing their own government, which only happened because the British rule refused to allow them to have any control, so their only choice was to rebel.
By the eve of the revolution many, but not all colonists set their differences aside to achieve one goal, to overcome the tyrannical British become truly independent. Even though the colonists originated from England, many viewed themselves as Americans not English. To be successful in overcoming the British, Benjamin Franklin knew that the colonists had to unite. In Document A he constructed a political cartoon that