Like how Martin Luther King used logos in both “I Have a Dream” and “Letter From Birmingham Jail” he also uses pathos in both of the too. In King’s famous speech “I Have A Dream” uses a lot of emotional language to stir emotions. Near the beginning of the speech King shows what segregation is like toward the average African American. He does this by comparing discrimination to chains. “One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination.
He shows his concerns for the African American community by expressing their thoughts and feelings because they feel as if they have no voice. He was their voice. Throughout the “letter” Dr. King demonstrated pathos by engaging his readers of the struggle of being an African American descent. Dr. King starts off by letting his readers know that he was confined during the time of the letter was written and he was addressing the eight clergymen who called his action of a peaceful protest “untimely and unwise”. (King Jr., p. 645) However, he continues to explain his reason for being in Birmingham by saying that injustice was present and he could not just sit in another state and watch it;” Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.” (King Jr., p. 645) Dr. King was an activist and he showed support where ever and whenever he was invited, therefore he explains the reason why he was in Birmingham.
In the “letter from Birmingham Jail” by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., he uses pathos, logos and rhetorical devices such as imagery, sarcasm and biblical allusions to show how his work of nonviolent protests are smart and how Birmingham has violated their civil rights. He expresses himself in his letter by explaining why he can not wait any longer because of the countless murders, the unsolved bombing, lynching, and violence towards the black community. MLK Jr. came across a statement which was a call for unity by eight Clergymen while being in the Birmingham city jail because of him not having a license to protest. In response to the eight Clergymen, Dr. king decided to write a historical letter letting them know that freedom was not an option because of the false promise and the continued violence. The letter is written to inform the people who are against, neutral and with segregation that it is time to take action and prove to the clergymen why he will stand up for what is right.
While he served his 11 day sentence, King would write the “Letter From Birmingham City Jail” to the eight Birmingham Clergymen. This item would be a pivotal part of the Civil Rights Movement. One point that the Birmingham clergymen made was that King and his cohorts are willing to break laws and they expressed concern. Dr.King discussed this topic in his letter, he stated that there is a difference
King was fed up with the way he and the black community were treated so he turned to peaceful protesting. King was in Birmingham because injustice was prominent. King was arrested on April 16, 1963. for ignoring an injunction by the government. During King’s time in jail, which was for eight days, he wrote “Letter from Birmingham Jail.” His letter was written to justify his actions and to defend his acts of nonviolent protests. In Dr.
Martin Luther King Jr is the most iconic civil rights leader in history. If anyone is unsure of his significance, they could simply take a trip to Washington, D.C to view his magnificent monument. Dr. King in the 1950s and 1960s, led protests and spoke on numerous occasions about injustice and segregation within the African American community. Although he had many Anti- Racism protest, his most legendary took place in Birmingham, Alabama. While in Birmingham, Dr. King was arrested which led to him writing a detailed letter to the city clerk.
When a federal injunction was put into place to prevent the protest without permission of the city, Martin Luther King Jr. persevered and decided to go on with the campaign. He got arrested for heading the demonstration and was in jail for eight days. When King heard of the eight clergymen who wrote a letter criticizing the direct action campaign, he began to write his well-known Letter from a Birmingham Jail. One of the tactics he uses to get people to agree with him is he uses emotion to get people’s attention. An example of this comes from paragraph eleven in which the main focus is a lengthy sentence devoted to naming the struggles African Americans endured during that time.
He used mainly pathos in the “I Have A Dream” speech because it was meant to be an emotional speech. He used mainly logos in “Letter from Birmingham Jail” because it was towards clergymen so it had to be serious and logical. Conclusively, King tried to fit each piece of literature with the occasion and
Martin Luther King Jr., one of the greatest speakers for black civil rights movement, had written many great works in his time. Two of his pieces stand out as his greatest works. Letter from Birmingham Jail; a pieces written from a jail cell in birmingham where he was arrested for peacefully protesting, the letter was attended to the white clergymen who didn 't agree with his views and I Have a Dream Speech; was a speech king gave in front of the washington memorial. Both works convey similarities and differences in their tone, structure, appeal and figurative language. There are many similarities between “I Have a Dream” and the letter from birmingham jail.
Martin was famously a pacifist, so in his speech, he advocated peaceful protesting and passively fighting against racial segregation. The main idea of his speech is that all people were created equal and, although this is no longer the case nowadays, King felt it must be the case for the future. He argued peacefully, yet passionately and powerfully. In preparation for the speech, he studied the Bible, The Gettysburg Address and the US Declaration of Independence and he alludes to all three in his address. The intensity of King’s speech is built through parallelism, metaphors, bold statements and rhythmic repetitions:
Upon learning of the bombing at the Church, Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. sent a telegram to Alabama Governor George Wallace, a staunch and vocal segregationist, stating bluntly: 'The blood of our little children is on your hands." The brutal attack and the deaths of the four little girls shocked the nation and drew international attention to the struggle of violence in Birmingham. Many whites were as outraged by the incident as blacks and offered services and condolences to the families. Over, 8,000 people attended the girls ' funeral service at Reverend John Porter 's Sixth Avenue Baptist
He led several nonviolent protests in Birmingham as a way to advocate for change and equality for African Americans. However, after a few nonviolent protests looking for desegregation, MLK was arrested in Birmingham, AL. In April 16, 1963, while in jail Martin Luther King wrote one of the most important letters ever written as a response to the Clergyman’s Call for Unity. Martin Luther King’s “Letter from a Birmingham Jail”, perfectly applies rhetorical strategies such as Pathos and Logos in order persuade not only his main audience, which was the people supporting segregation, but all the Americans to fight for desegregation. Dr. Martin Luther King perfectly clarify his ambitions through pathos, by using words that emotionally appeal to his audience, and aims to persuade them to join him in the fight for desegregation.
As soon as the news of Dr. King 's assassination had been released, supports distraught and angered called for riotous repercussions. Groups of activist gathered all of the United States; anywhere from Texas to Boston To Mississippi to North Carolina to Washington D.C. A few dozen students gathered outside the Student nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) offices on 14th Street NW Washington D.C. This is where the former chairman of SNCC, Stokely Carmichael, suddenly appeared and started preaching to the protesters, "When Kennedy died, all these stores closed...Martin Luther King is our leader and we are going to show him some respect.". (quoted in De Angelis) Then led a group of people up 14th street, stopping from store to store demanding the owners to close shop. A group of about thirty young people burst into a drug store.
Dr. King’s “Letter From a Birmingham Jail” goes in to detail about the injustice that existed on the streets of America in the 1960s, and it can still be used now to discuss the injustice on the streets today. King discusses how unjust laws were made to broken (such as with Hitler and the Jewish population and the Hungarian Freedom Fighters), and that no progress would ever be made if actions weren’t taken immediately. Today, issues with police brutality and racism against immigrants (“They are taking our jobs!” is a line often used by the white population of America when talking about jobs they would never consider applying for anyway) is at an all-time high, and Dr. King’s letter can be applied to the current situation: action must be taken immediately. Americans today are split between sides – one side favors movements such as Black Lives Matter, while the other often makes comments
This is why Martin Luther King Junior was involved in Birmingham. King had organizational ties there, and wanted to end the racial injustice that was happening in the city (1). While in Birmingham, King was sent to the city jail for protesting without a permit. While in the jail facility, he wrote a letter responding to several clergymen’s statements on his nonviolent demonstrations