The Trail of Tears left by the Cherokee Indians “Our nation was born in genocide when it embraced the doctrine that the original American, the Indian, was an inferior race.” -― Martin Luther King Jr The Trail of Tears helped the Manifest Destiny and Westward Expansion lead to the Civil War in many ways. The Trail of Tears caused more tension to rise in the United States.
This source has significant value to historians but, like any other source, has its limitations. Andrew Jackson’s motivation to remove the Cherokee from their homeland originated from an avid persona to benefit the Americans. The speech analyzes Jackson’s motivation, and specific plans to remove the Cherokee. In consideration of the speech being written in 1830, the audience can learn how Jackson was rather harsh towards the natives in order to benefit himself and others. This is evident with Andrew Jackson’s actions and his presumptions of the Natives.
In 1830, encouraged by President Andrew Jackson, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act which gave the federal government the power to relocate any Native Americans in the east to territory that was west of the Mississippi River. Though the Native Americans were to be recompensed, this was not done fairly, and in some cases led to the further destruction of many of the eastern tribes. By early 1800’s, the white Americans established settlements further west for their own benefit, and later discovered gold. Furthermore, Georgia's attempt to regain this land resulted in the Cherokee protesting and taking this case to the United States Supreme Court.
One of reasons the confederacy failed was because the U.S. Congress, with Lincoln’s support, proposed the 13th amendment which would abolish slavery in America. Although the confederate peace delegation was unwilling to accept a future without slavery, the radical and moderate Republicans designed a way to takeover the reconstruction program. The Radical Republicans wanted full citizenship rights for African Americans and wanted to implement harsh reconstruction policies toward the south. The radical republican views made up the majority of the Congress and helped to pass the 14th amendment which guaranteed equality under the law for all citizens, and protected freedmen from presidential vetoes, southern state legislatures, and federal court decisions. In 1869, Congress passed the fifteenth amendment stating that no citizen can be denied the right to vote because of “race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”
Thesis: Rice appears to have two major arguments in his book. The first argument is that Bacon’s Rebellion had a lasting impact on early America. He ties the rebellion to later anti-Catholic sentiment and ultimately how the English colonists responded to the Glorious Revolution. His second argument is that race played a significant role in unifying colonists, specifically by giving them an outside enemy and reducing some internal class tensions. This argument culminates in his assertion that Bacon’s Rebellion was critical for the development of the Old South.
Comparing Malcolm X speech “Not Just an American Problem, But a World Problem” (Feb. 16th , 1965) and Martin Luther King Jr speech “I Have a Dream” (August 28th 1963.) Martin Luther King Jr and Malcolm X were both civil rights activist. With two different point of views of equality for all races. Malcolm X was the one to promote violence and Martin Luther King Jr tried to make it peaceful and non-violent. Martin Luther King Jr. talked to all races about equality.
Revolutionary Speeches: A Common Purpose The revolutionary speeches composed of by Patrick Henry and Thomas Paine both have common goals in terms of the changes that they want made to the way of life for all Americans. The technique and manner in which the two conduct their speeches are significantly different, though. Patrick Henry’s speech is mainly to persuade the Virginia Convention to be more assertive toward the British government, and to prepare for war if the convention's voice was not acknowledged by them. Thomas Paine’s speech, “The Crisis: Number 1”, was also to written to persuade the American people.
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Marshall agreed that the Cherokee Nation was a distinct society but not that it was a foreign nation. In 1838 and 1839, as a major speciality of Andrew Jackson 's Indian evacuation strategy, the Cherokee country was compelled to surrender its properties east of the Mississippi River and to relocated to a territory in show day Oklahoma. The Cherokee individuals tabbed this excursion the "Trail of Tears," as a result of its overwhelming impacts. The verbal confrontation on the bill was longed and unpleasant, for the subject of Indian evacuation touched upon various extremely intense subject matters: the established inquiry of states ' rights versus government privileges, Christian
Appeal to history is used as an argument that use past cases as a guide to the future. It is used by the author in the article when he looks back at nonviolent protests in the past and how successful they can be over violence. One example being Gandhi’s marches in which he taught that “[t]he boycott…is the most nearly perfect instrument of nonviolent change, allowing masses of people to participate actively in a cause” (Chavez 61-64). Chavez also states that if victory were attained through violence, it “…would come at the expense of injury or perhaps death” and it will only be temporary as it will just “… [replace] one violent form of power with just another just as violent” (Chavez 67-68, 75-77). The author makes it clear that history has proven the nonviolent protests holds more leverage as the oppression it is against, whereas violence can only lead to injuries and deaths of many and only result in a similar or worse
This quote was a prediction and antecedent to what would later be known in history as the American Civil War. The people of the North viewed the idea of slavery as morally wrong and stood for the abolition of slavery and the unity of America. They believed that the drafters of the American Constitution wrote the document after carefully considering any topic that could potentially tear
As Sean Willentz wrote, “the supposedly antislavery Jacksonians were actually proslavery men who feared that emancipation would cause untold thousands of undesirable blacks to emigrate to the North,” (Willentz 220). Similarly, the Gag Rule allowed members of Congress to avoid dealing with slavery by making the states decide rather than the national government (PP 33). Most white abolitionists originated in the North where the economy did not depend on slavery. Although the North abolished slavery, white supremacy remained prominent in society.
Still, with all that, the slaveholding South feared that its ability to protect slavery was in danger. Convinced that the influence of the abolition movement was growing, many southerners began to call for secession from the United States. If slavery and the southern way of life that it made possible were to be protected, they argued, the South must become an independent nation (Horton and Horton,
Abolitionism and the Civil War Abolitionists, both black and white, had different philosophies and tactics in trying to end slavery. Frederick Douglass was one that believed in sparking revolution through the media and political platforms. Through these platforms, he spread messages of awareness and rebellion, believing that the end of slavery had to be done by force (Zinn 167). In 1857, Douglass spoke to the masses stating that “if there is no struggle, there is no progress… Power concedes nothing without demand” (Zinn 167).
The Indians wanted peaceful interaction and respect for their lands. The American’s choices and treatment of the Indians led to the birth of racism and discrimination for our nation. Laws would eventually be put in place for protection of all citizens for this very reason. This is why I believe that the Indian Removal Act was a step in the wrong direction for