Karl Marx saw human history as being a continuous class struggle. According to his materialistic interpretation of history, the class struggle was because the opposing classes in society were fighting over the material forces of production, the resources need to produce goods. As a result of this class struggle, Marx said social relations of production of arose, and out of the social productions came ideological superstructures. The first development caused by the class struggle, according to Marx, was the social relations of production. The social relations of production is a phrase that was used by Karl Marx to describe social divisions in labor.
Karl Marx and his various philosophies involving economics and societies have greatly influenced sociology today. In particular, Marx 's theories on social change due to class conflict was argued in his pamphlet, The Communist Manifesto. Marx states that history itself is the struggles between different classes, where one superior class dominates over the other. In his time period, the bourgeoisie, wealthy factory or mill owners, ruled over the proletariat, the exploited workers. While there is inequality between classes, social change is bound to occur.
Marxian class analysis of income begins with the recognition that different kinds of relationships among individuals in a capitalist society which relate to the production, appropriation and distribution of surplus, produce different kinds of income. Such incomes can be classified into class and non-class components. a) Fundamental and subsumed class incomes: The capitalist fundamental class process produces income flows to both productive labourers and appropriating capitalists: v+s. The income flow to the labour, v, involves an equivalent exchange of labour power. In contrast, the income flow to the capitalist, s, involves no exchange.
Depending on who you ask, you may get different responses to capitalism. A socialist or communist will more than likely condemn it, whereas a capitalist will praise its values. However, ask all three the question is capitalism exploitive and they will say yes. It is a well-known fact that exploitation is one of the main features of capitalism. This is evident throughout history, where the people at the top exploited the labourers to make a better profit.
The Contemporary economies of the world, in my opinion, can truly be examined by two abstract models: Capitalism and Socialism. In this essay I will outline the defining characteristics of each economic model, and compare and contrast these two economic models in terms of economic productivity, economic quality and personal freedom and liberty. To do this we must begin by defining these two economic models: Capitalism may be defined as an economic system where the means of production are privately owned and operated, and where the investment of capital, and production, distribution, income, and prices are determined not by government (as in a planned economy) but through the operation of a market where all decisions regarding transfer of money,
In the discussion of social inequality, one cannot leave out the sociological theories and models proposed by Karl Marx and Adam Smith. Generally, social inequality refers to the presence of unequal treatment, opportunities and rewards tied to people of various social standings within the hierarchy of a community group or society. Some common types of social inequality include wealth and income disparity as well as social class stratification. For Marx and Smith, both had explored the various types of social inequality in society. To begin with, Marx mentioned “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.” (Marx, 1978, p. 473).
In order to see how the society and cultural shaped and interacted you need to judge it. And his last point is, “veneration of the past or of tradition” (Greenblatt 2157). The focus here is not on the past and traditional way of thinking, but on the new and bizarre. Marxism focuses on the bourgeois and their control of society. The class struggle is what controls society, and indirectly literature.
It inevitable struggle between social classes would lead to the creation of a classless society where all means of production would be owned by the community. The idea of Communism is that workers earn wages in the industrial and agricultural sectors. Individual worker rights are secondary to the importance of the state. The government acts as the facilitator for the community and controls all the wealth and there will be not private ownership which means that all the profits that are earned by the workers will return to the community for equal distribution. Marx’s view is to have a classless society.
Marx Social Conflict Theory says that individual and groups of social classes in society occupy different amount of material and non-material resources. These resources include wealthy and powerful vs the poor. Marx says that the powerful groups use their power to usurp the rights and resources of the poor or less power class of the society. Proletariat: They owns labour power, who are capable to work for those who are the powerful and own resources. This calss work with their hand, bodies and minds to make a living.
Throughout Karl Marx writings he describes the mode of production called capitalism. In his writings, Marx is fascinated with capitalism. He asserts that some vital parts of capitalism are money, labor and commodities. The production of commodities due to labor leads to surplus value. In the Communist Manifesto, Marx asserts that one thing that will eventually destroy capitalism is the over production of commodities.