Compare And Contrast Mesopotamia And Egyptian Civilizations

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Civilization is the cooperation between individuals within a region. The first civilizations were Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations. Both civilizations acquired a different environment. However, their environment promoted religion, specifically polytheism. Although their environments were different, both civilizations were in harmony about the existence of many gods. Religion played an important role in civilization as government laws and divine kingship derived from it. Both civilizations were quite similar, but acquired some differences unique to each civilization. These differences include the environment, divine kingship, and sense of security from either nature or law. The idea and practices of ancient Mesopotamia originated from the Sumerians. Moreover, both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization diffused their practices and ideas to other ancient civilizations like the Hebrews and the Greeks. The laws from the Mesopotamian civilization were diffused into the Hebrew civilization as the Exodus. Both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization also influenced the Greeks with the idea that the gods were in control of the fate of humans and the environment. In addition, the Greek idea of gods evolved, which was not identical to both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations. Mesopotamia was colonized by the Sumerians, but was later…show more content…
The Code of Hammurabi were laws in ancient Mesopotamia, established by King Hammurabi during his reign between 1792-1750 B.C. The Mesopotamians believed the idea of divine kingship, in which kings were chosen by the gods to rule over the nation. Therefore, kings were high and superior in their eyes. Mesopotamians obeyed their rulers and their laws, including the Code of Hammurabi. These laws were considered divine order. The Code of Hammurabi showed the daily life of ancient
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