Compare And Contrast Modernism And Modernism

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The goal of this essay is to highlight the differences between and thus compare two contrasting design aesthetics and discuss their influence in two major countries from the 1920s to the late 1940s. The two styles that will be compared are Modernism in Britain and Art Deco in America. The essay will be focusing on their contrasting differences regarding both visual aesthetic and perceived style, then will continue on to discuss how they were introduced to and advertised to the public within both Britain and the U.S. In order to achieve this I will be looking at the following essays: Stephen Hayward’s ‘Good design is largely a matter of common sense’, Gay McDonald’s ‘The “Advance” of American Postwar Design in Europe: MoMA and the Design for Use, USA Exhibition 1951-1953’. Modernism was a movement which stemmed from both the period of enlightenment and the industrial revolution during the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century. This movement saw a significant opposition of classicism, ornamentation and more traditional practices and styles. People were also beginning to question the Catholic Church and had abandoned the idea of religion and it’s beliefs in favour of a more empirical approach when it came to knowledge. Industrialisation was causing cities to grow quickly and products were becoming much more standardised and simplistic in order to mass produce goods faster and more easily. Modernism was related to the economy as much as it was to art or design.

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