Introduction The city-states of Athens and Greece were ruled by a diverse range of governments. Under these were the monarchy, the aristocracy, the tyranny, the oligarchy and the democracy. In this paper we will compare and contrast these 5 forms of governments in ancient Greek city-states. The Monarchy A monarchy is a type of government most recognizable by the fact that power rests in the hands of one person. Usually in the past, monarchies have been ruled by kings, together with his advisors.
(n.d)). In this essay, i will compare and contrast ancient Greek’s various form of governance ranging from Monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy and democracy. Monarchy Greek city –States practiced monarchies form of government, this is a type of government ruled by a single person, usually the king with the help of council of advisors and his powers were hereditary, the king has absolute power and citizens have no say in their governments. He usually retain his political power for life and his eldest son ( the prince) succeeds him on the throne. Notable monarchies in Greek city-states were those of Epeiros and Macedonia, where the king shared power with the assembly.
Among the Ancient Greece polices there are two which mostly deserve the research of their history, namely Athens and Sparta. These city-states applies different approaches to the political organization, social structure and adoption of different cultural priorities. The abovementioned differences presuppose the unequal influence of these states on the development of ancient Greece and modern world in general. Within the sphere of political organization, the Athens are regarded to be the homeland of democracy, while Spartan society demonstrates the features of oligarchy. The post-Cleisthenes Athens had a special system of government, which is often thought to be the most democratic one of all times.
From 600 b.c.e to 200 c.e 2 empires with distinct political, religious and social structures were formed in Han China and Classical Greece. The Han dynasty differed greatly with Classical Greece in how it governed, what they believed and its social structures which lead to it being able to sustain a much larger population and last for a much large period of time compared to classical; Greece. To begin the Han dynasty continued the centralized government begun by their predecessors the Qin dynasty by having a monarchy however there were still regional governments. This differed greatly from the political structures in greece because in greece governments were organized in city states and many city states ran things completely different form others. For instance Athens was a democracy in which all male citizens over the age of 18 were allowed to vote.
Monarchy, tyranny, aristocracy, oligarchy and democracy are all forms of government the ruled the different polies in Ancient Greece. Monarchy as a form of government in Ancient Greece was the idea that a successor from a line of leaders and men in power could rule over the land. In the Greek world, however, monarchies were rare and were often only distinguished from a tyranny when the hereditary ruler was more benevolent and ruled in the genuine interest of his people
Instead, Britain’s monarchies were constitutional. A constitutional monarchy is a form of government in which a monarch acts as the head of the state, but typically adopts a parliamentary system as well. The inclusive government serves as the sole wellspring of political power in state and is not lawfully bound by any constitution. Because of various historical matters, the power of the Britain monarchy started to decline the day it was established. To understand fully the reasons why Britain never achieved absolute monarchy, we need to look into the turning points in the English history.
Athens had an empire, they stood up for values, they were the school of Greece, while Sparta were clinching onto their dear iron bars. This allowed for Sparta to forget about their state, and go on the offensive. Another example that ties this conflict together is the aspect that Athens a democracy could elect such ignorant leaders who only care about their own glory. Overall, Athens, a democracy, would last longer, as evident by their ruins, and Sparta, an oligarchy, would not last long because as always, an oligarchy will always
Introduction Athens and Sparta were two of the ancient Greek cities that were very powerful and thus rivals. Although very close to each other geographically, their values and lifestyle were distance away from each other. Their similarity was based mostly in their style of governing with both the Athens and Sparta having an Assembly whose member was elected by the people. The people here means those considered citizens and it should be noted that women and slaves where not consider citizens, thus not eligible for voting. The state of Athens was ruled by elected archons with election held annually whereas the state of Sparta was ruled by two kings.
Sparta seemed intent on consolidating power amongst its aristocratic families, while Athens moved in a different direction, attempting to keep power from gathering around any specific group, How were the two city-states similar in their governmental structures, and how did they differ? Both societies had a public assembly in which every citizen could make themselves heard. Both had relatively short terms of public office, (excluding the Gerousia) and both believed in reaching a consensus before enacting policy. Athens had a much larger group of citizens who had a much greater influence on matters of policy, and Sparta was a much more streamlined machine, geared toward making war, and maintaining military readiness. Conclusion Neither society was as inclusive as most modern societies, but both had things they held ideologically important, and did very well.
At the contrary, Sparta was a city that has plenty of courageous warriors, and has developed a dictatorship government. This week in this Written Assignment I will make my better to briefly compare and contrast monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy, and democracy as forms of government in Ancient Greek city states. Monarchy It is a form of government in which the ruling or rule (arkhein) power is it the hands of a single (monos) person such as a king with the help of a council advisor. The king is empowered to remain in power for life. He lived in the capital city, and there were some people in the villages around it that paid taxes, obeyed, and depended on him for their defense.