How were the two city-states similar in their governmental structures? They are similar in the sense that only males were allowed to be a part of politics and that they both had a hierarchy in place that separated the political powers of each group. In both structures the wealthier aristocrats had the most influence in decision making. How did they differ?
In this essay, i will compare and contrast ancient Greek’s various form of governance ranging from Monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy and democracy. Monarchy Greek city –States practiced monarchies form of government, this is a type of government ruled by a single person, usually the king with the help of council of advisors and his powers were hereditary, the king has absolute power and citizens have no say in their governments. He usually retain his political power for life and his eldest son ( the prince) succeeds him on the throne.
Athens was well prepared and could survive a siege behind it great strong walls, but the unforeseeable happened. A plague erupted because of the over population within the tight walls of Athens. Athens lost around one third of its population and Pericles was fined an no longer left in charge of the military. After the plague, Athens became ruthless against its enemies and fought extremely hard. Athens became so powerful that they almost beat
Most notable, however, was the democracy of Athens and the oligarchy of Sparta. The driving force behind all of Greek life and politics was this concept of arete. While arete differed between Athens and Sparta, this lust for excellence became the driving force behind their democracy and oligarchy. The geography of Greece did not allow for a strictly central government, and so, the Greeks adapted.
Both civilizations felt that they should radically change their initial system of monarchy to a form of democracy, in order to better fit the needs of their people. However, ancient Greece, unlike ancient Rome, was at one point ruled by an oligarchy, until their citizens became uneasy with the manner in which they were governed. Keeping the peace among their people seemed to be on the back burner, as they attempted to strengthen ties between Greek city states to defeat the Romans in their mutual quest to expand their borders. This is important to note since the Hellenistic era of Greece, occuring during Rome’s later republic age, saw Greek influence to be at the highest it has historically ever been (Giotto 1). Moreover, the conclusion of the Hellenistic era is known to have been brought about by the Romans in the Hellenistic war.
Another factor that shows the difference between Athens and Han China are their types of government. Document 4 is a quote from Pericles, an Athenian leader. Pericles stated, “Our form of government is called a democracy because its administration is in the hands, not of a few, but of the whole peoples” (Doc 4). This quote here shows the main difference between Han China and Classical Athens. IN Athens, which upholds direct democracy, all free male citizens are entitled to vote, while in China, only the emperor and his advisors can.
After the war not much changed nobles once again controlled the land and the poor. Both Germany and Austria tried their hand at creating a Absolute Monarch, but neither were truly successful due to a large and powerful nobility and diverse ethical and religious beliefs. Prussia was probably the closest thing Eastern Europe had to Absolutism even though the nobility still held a good bit a power due to land control and leadership of the lower class. In western Europe on the other hand, had a successful absolute monarchy. Franch can be used as a prime example of an absolute monarch in Western Europe.
Canada is considered a representative democracy due to the fact that democracies are considered by gradient and not a simple definition, however Canada cannot be considered a democracy due to legislative issues such as head of state, Section Thirty-Three of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and issues with appointment and equality. The concept of democracy has been around since 6th century BC, used by classical Athenians and Greece and is used to contradict other types of governments such as monarchies and oligarchies. The word democracy comes from the Greek word for the people (demos) and the word for power or authority (kratia), and the concept was based on the public holding all power and being able to vote. They practiced direct democracy, in which all citizens were to meet to discuss policy and then vote by majority.
Parliament also proved to remain strong in historical times where the king tried to overpower parliament. The second difference between French absolute monarchy and English monarchy was the stability that the government gave to the people. While the English government was separated into king and parliament, the French were at a major disadvantage if their king died in their absolute monarchy. By distributing their power between a king and parliament, the English maintained a much more controlled and organized society while the French could easily be thrown into
Back in the day, Greece was not a unified country like today. Greece was made up of many city-states that were constantly at war with each other. Some famous examples of the city-states are Athens, Sparta, and Thebes. Athens and Sparta dominated Greece but were always at war with each other. Sparta had the superior land army but Athens had the better navy.
Athens organized a group of Greek city states into the Delian League and eventually lead and dominated all of the city states in the League. Athens’s military prowess allowed them to look down on the other members of the League and treat them as members of an empire instead of equals. This caused some to view them with hostility which sparked the conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lead to the Peloponnesian War. The direct democracy of Athens wasn’t actually as inclusive and steady as the statement at Pericles 's funeral state, “Our Constitution is called a democracy because power is in the hands not of a minority but of the whole people (Doc C).” In fact, of the 450,000 citizens of Athens in 430 BC, only about 40,000 people had the power to vote.
When the writers came up with the rules for a new government they wanted democracy to be a part of it. A republic was wanted by the colonists after the King imposed taxes and limited the settlement for people in North America. The US Constitution and the Articles of Confederation let the people have a say on how they could govern themselves instead of a monarch. Both documents limited the power that the central government had on the states and its people.
The Articles of Confederation were ratified in 1781 and under these articles, the states remained sovereign, free, and independent. While each state has their freedom, Congress served as a last resort to appeal all disputes and differences that may arise between two or more states. In addition, Congress had the authority to make treaties and alliances, declare war, regulate money, appoint a committee, appoint military officers and manage affairs with the Indians. While it seems Congress had a fair share of powers, these articles caused problems due to a weak government.
Most of the states in the U.S are controlled by laws set by the government. In a democracy the laws created are supposed to be voted on by the people. As of today we need confirmation if the law can be passed by all three legislative branches. This is the complete