Immediately to Virginia's north was Maryland begun as a Catholic experiment . The colony's economy would soon come to mirror that of Virginia. As tobacco became the most important crop. The economy of growing cash crops would require a labor force that would be unknown north of
Those in Massachusetts were puritans and looking for a place where they would be free from religious persecution. Wealthy people who could afford the boat journey and did not have to become indentured slaves went for a more settled life. In 1616 John Rolfe imported tobacco seeds to Virginia, as the plants needed long and hot humid seasons. The first people who were granted the right of possessing land authorized the people to cultivate worn out land and grow better crops, as tobacco depletes minerals and nutrients from the ground.
In the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the Puritans, at first, established a good relationship with a Native American tribe called the Pequots. These quandaries were compounded by the Puritans' incrementing conviction that the Indians' claims were invalid, because God had bestowed
The New England and Chesapeake colonies were established during the early 1700s. Despite the population originating from England, the regions had distinct societies. This was due to the fact that many settlers voyaged to the New World in search of riches, to seek new lives, or for religious freedom. They differed socially, politically, economically, and geographically.
Without dependence on Powhatan, English settlers would no longer feel the need to trade weapons with Powhatan. As Charles A. Grymes has stated: “From Powhatan's point of view, the English were too hard to control. They kept trying to contact other tribes, evading Powhatan's schemes to steer all trade through him” (“The First Anglo-Powhatan War (1609-13)”). Powhatan saw this as an enormous threat and took great measures to stop them from expanding. As stated by Christian Feest in The Powhatan Tribes: “The Indians resented this expansion, and the number of murders committed by both the English and the Indians increased” (43).
Although all the colonists all came from England, the community development, purpose, and societal make-up caused a distinct difference between two distinct societies in New England and the Chesapeake region. The distinctions were obvious, whether it be the volume of religious drive, the need or lack of community, families versus single settlers, the decision on minimal wage, whether or not articles of agreements were drawn for and titles as well as other social matters were drawn, as well as where loyalties lay in leaders. New England was, overall, more religious than the Chesapeake region. Settlers in New England were searching relief for religious persecution in Europe. Puritans, Quakers, and Catholics were coming in droves to America searching for an opportunity to have religious freedom.
For the Money or for Religion The Plymouth Plantation and Jamestown were two colonies who both established in the “new world” which is now known as the United States of America. These two colonies did have similarities in how they lived, but they also came for different reasons. One colony came for religious reasons and the other came for the business and money.
After the Spanish made some fortunate discoveries in South America, the English were determined to strike gold in the north, however, they would soon find out that this “new country” was not so perfect. In the Spring of 1607, about 100 colonists sailed to North America and created an English settlement called Jamestown (Roden 49). Upon their arrival, they discovered that Jamestown was home to some 1500 Powhatan Indians, and, because the colonists didn’t bring the right people to defend themselves from Indian attacks, many people died (Roden 49). The colonist also didn’t bring enough people to ward off disease, drought, or famine.
Though alike in their English heritage, the colonies of New England and the Chesapeake diverged from one another because they were colonized in different ways and for different purposes, giving rise to differing economies, lifestyles, and politics. New England was immensely democratic, possessed a market economy, and was largely centered around family and religion. Contrastly, the Chesapeake made its revenue in tobacco, consisted of mostly single young men, and had aristocratic governance at odds with its poor, farming population. Colonies produced several exports unique to their region. New England, with its vast forests, codfish hordes, and abundant wildlife, chiefly exported fish, ships, timber, fur, and metals.
Pocahontas acted as the intermediate for Jamestown. Originally, the English settlers were desperate for food, kidnapped Pocahontas, and held her for ransom (SOURCE). However, when no ransom was payed, the settlers set up conditions for her release, requiring her to marry John Rolfe (SOURCE). Afterwards, she would be released to Opechanacouph (SOURCE). Although she eventually went to England with Rolfe and had a child with him, Jamestown created a very hostile agreement that shaped the attitude between the Jamestown settlers and Native Americans.
The individuals from the Virginia Colony and the Massachusetts Bay Colony came to the new country for both very similar reasons, the main reason being so that they could have freedom within their colonies and to be free from the church and practice their own religion. The puritans and the pilgrims from the Netherlands but they wanted their children to keep the English traditions. The fishing and hunting conditions were not good in this area. Some colonists traded American Indians corn for beaver fur.
The difference in climate, the fertility of the soil, and the availability of natural resources in each area caused for vastly different economies to develop. The warm-weathered climate in the Chesapeake Bay coupled with the quality of soil in the region and the availability of the tobacco plant already existing in the area was perfect for the development of the tobacco industry, which soon became the primary focus of the scores of mostly men who were attempting to work in the region. Because tobacco was harvested on large plantations, the farming society required workers. This need for labor provided a means for those in debt in England to travel to the new world, paving the way for slews of men to be left in disarray once their designated periods of servitude ended and suddenly they were thrust into the life of a poor farmer. In New England, the soil quality and weather was much less lucrative.
Aimee Huerta February 28, 2016 Chesapeake Bay v. New England Colonies Around the 16th century people left Britain to come to North America (New World) for new opportunities in their lives. They came here for religious reasons, for owning land, and escaping bad situations. Once here they thought their lives were going to be much different, but actually not everyone was lucky enough to have a pleasant life. These English colonies were made for a different reason to help numerous people, but once the two colonies were settled each one had developed very differently.
Economy: In order for the colony to be stable, a crop that could be exported for profit and fuel needed to be grown. In this instance the crop was tobacco. Predominant Religious Beliefs and Practices: Virginians worshiped in the Anglican Church, which was supported by tax dollars.
In the late 1600’s, many European settlers arrived in North America in hopes of escaping the hardships they faced back home. America initially promised colonists the wealth, religious freedom, and escape from oppression they desired. New England was home to dense forests, and hills which was not optimal for crop growth. Therefore, the colonists directed their attention towards trade and commerce. The people in this region were devoutly religious and believed in the education of children.