Sir Thomas Roe, an English diplomat and ambassador to Constantinople once said "The Ottoman Empire has the body of a sick old man, who tried to appear healthy, although his end was near." Definitely, the Ottoman Empire wouldn't stay strong and young forever. Due its fast and rapid success in expanding, having a strong court system, and having an efficient system of taxation, other great powers in Europe felt threatened. After all, if the empire was expanding and gaining much power quickly, it would be unexceptional for it to invade one of these great powers. Europe sensed the Ottoman jeopardy, so countries such as Britain, France, and Italy allied and plans were made to ensure the fall of the Ottoman Empire.
Islam is a religion that was established by a man named Muhammed and means ‘submission.’ As sources say, an angel approached Muhammad while he was meditating in a cave; and told him about the word of Allah, the only God. After Islam was born, and the word of the angel was the beginning of the Qur’an. Islam was established as a monotheistic religion, as Muslims would only believe in one God, and was first preached by Muhammad. Islam grew, and eventually, the first Muslim community was developed in Medina, a city in Saudi Arabia. Though many early Saudi Arabians protested against this religion, because they either didn’t want to lose money from pilgrimages or they believed in more than one God, they finally converted due to many battles. Thereon
I find the role of religion in government quite interesting. In a previous lesson we learned about the Byzantine and Persian Empires and how they served as patrons for religious orthodoxies. Now as we start to discuss more about post-Muhammad Islam, we learn about the empires that served as the patrons for Islam. Religion seems to be the primary foundation for the rise and success for many of these empires, but in the 21st century religion does not serve this same purpose. The Safavid Empire was govern by and for Shiite Muslims, the Mughul Empire is quite distinct in that it seemed to be fueled by religious tolerance, so it was a hybrid of Islam and Hinduism, and the Ottoman Empire is also noteworthy as Robinson describes it as the “mightiest of the three”, most likely due
At its greatest, the Islamic Empire stretched from Spain to China. The Islamic Empire spread to encompass such an extensive empire by using military force, leadership, and people. Muhammad first spread Islam by preaching the revelation that he claimed to have received from God.
I will be writing about how the Early Islamic Empire expanded. Islam expanded by Muslims invading other territories. This helps them expand Islam because once they invade; they take charge, and expand. This information is from Document A. Another way they expanded Islam was that they joined forces. This helped them expand Islam because they met new religions which helped them expand as well. This is from Document B. According to Document C it stated that they were gift-giving and had a system of stipends which was payment. This shows that they expanded the Islam Empire by exchanging things and money which also leads to expansion.
Islamic Gunpowder Empires: Ottomans, Safavids, and Mughals is an attempt by Douglas E. Streusland to present the similarities and difference between the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires that stretched across the Middle East. The book focuses on political, military, and economic history rather than on the social, cultural, and intellectual history. Even though Streusland has extensive knowledge and understanding of the Mughal Empire, he still has several observations that make the book a valuable read for anyone studying the history of the Middle East.
Cut the arms of these non-Muslims with your swords… the early Islam Empire expanded using different techniques but the one I believe was the most effective and spread faster was war, forced agreements, and ruthlessness. In the essay I will explain how the Islamic empire expanded and going in detail the way they managed to do so. Like I said in the intro t believe that the best ways the Islamic Empire expanded was by war forced agreements and ruthlessness. All my evidence come from the Documents ABC. Doc A was mainly about a battle called the battle of the yarmuk. This document is actually very useful to my claim because it shows how ruthless and determined the Muslims were to get there and earn their land. According to document A the battle
Governments back in 1450-1750 CE was governed by successful emperors and some were governed by some emperors that ran the empire into complete disaster and chaos. There was two successful empires though that made history, it was the Ottoman Empire and the Mughal Empire with their systems that help them stabilize, centralize and maintain control. Both empires had great powerful emperors that lead the empire to Success!
The Ottoman Empire came into power in 1301. The Ottomans were able to overthrow the Seljuks and after that they were able to repopulate the city and stay in power until 1922. The Ottoman rulers implemented many systems that were more helpful than harmful and allowed them to have strong loyal citizens. These systems built up their empire in crucial places. The Ottoman Empire had a strong trade and military system with religious tolerance these factors allowed them to stay in power for so long.
Turkish nomadic groups were able to take-over and control much of central Asia and settlements in Persia, Anatolian and India. The Turkish nomads managed to acclimatize their societal needs to the landscape, climate, and ecology of the arid lands before them. Central Asia does not receive enough rain to support large-scale agriculture. Oases permit cultivation of limited regions, but for the most part grasses and shrubs grow on the central Asian steppe lands, and there are on large rivers or other sources of water to support large-scale irrigation systems. Yet grazing animal thrive on grasses and shrubs, and the people of central Asia took advantage of this by herding sheep, horses, cattle, and camels. Nomadic people drove their herds and flocks
The impact of Islam in the Middle East and Asia and their government and culture were both similar and yet very contrasting. Some Comparison made in both of their culture would be how both had a similar patriarchal control over women. In the Middle East they had veiling of women, in which women must wear a headscarf or veil to show modesty when around males that weren’t their relatives, and could only be seen without it when near her family and/or husband. In Asia they had foot binding which is the process of when a young girl’s mother wraps her foot around the age of five years old to make it look similar to a lotus bud. This was because it was to help the daughters find good husbands and have good marriages and noble families could have more
Hungary.) Another army attacked the Turks but was again defeated by Murad II at the Second Battle of Kosovo in 1448.
The religion of Islam was influenced in the early 600s, trading was their way of spreading their ideas and inventions to be learned. The Islamic culture began to spread from Persia in the east to southern west Europe and the north of Africa. The Islamic culture influenced and impacted Europe in numerous ways, affecting such varied areas as medicine, literature, and technology. All these three categories show the influence and impact of Islam on Europe. The Islamic contributions have had a considerable effect on the development of Europe because in the old times Europe absorbed knowledge from Islamic civilizations. Those are the ideas that made Europe such a well-developed continent.
The Mughal rule, which roughly extended from 1526 to 1707, was a period when the political and natural environments of much of the Indian subcontinent underwent drastic change. The Mughals had a deep fascination towards nature but also acknowledged their superiority, both as humans and as royals, over it as well as the tribal societies that lived amidst nature. Their constant involvement in warfare led them to look at the forest and animals such as elephants and horses as precious resources; consequently, the military demands of an empire the size of the Mughals’ took a toll on these resources. Extensively engaging with nature for political and social purposes, the Mughals played an important role in transforming the pluralistic landscapes that fell under their empire. But more importantly, they paved the way for the colonial period to extract resources from nature in an intensive way; the impact of their engagement with nature was felt strongly only during the later colonial period.