But the study also makes it clear that to guarantee kids’ healthy development, both parents should develop an authoritative style at home, communicate, and build a good relationship with their own children, especially in an eastern country with collective society like India, where they emphasize family integrity and unity. In the same context study supporting the authoritative parental style a study was conducted in Sweden regarding adolescent achievement strategies and parental style. The study revealed that because authoritative parents encourage their young child to be independent, responsible and aware, this child when become adolescent, he will be able to choose and
Articles from seven databases (Google Scholar, Science Direct, Taylor and Francis Journals, Web of Science, JSTOR, Springer link and SAGE Journals) were identified related to the topic using a pre-established set of terms that included both parenting styles and academic performance. All the studies highlighted that parenting styles affect the academic achievement of adolescents. It was analyzed that authoritative parenting style is the most effective parenting style in enhancing the academic performance of young children. More research is needed on parenting styles in different continents to have an understanding of the cultural effect of parenting styles on the academic performance of adolescents. The interest in good parenting, parenting styles and general child care is actually a relatively new
Although parents may differ in how they exert control or socialize their children and the extent to which they do so, it is assumed that the primary role of all parents is to influence, educate, and socialize their children. The authoritative style of parenting has the following characteristics: an expectation of independence and mature behaviour from the child and clear setting of standards by the parents; firm enforcement of rules and standards, using commands and sanctions when necessary; encouragement of the child’s independence and individuality. Baumrind (1991), stated that in parental control and support, authoritative parenting style is high. She found that the
Parenting styles refer to the manner in which adult figures are accustomed to in the process of child rearing. This can refer to the caregiver 's level of expectation, performance demands and attentiveness to rules as well as the style of discipline that the parents follow to enforce their expectations on the child or adolescent. Parenting styles tend to reflect two primary dimensions of behaviour: emotionality and control. There are three types of parenting styles that will be the focus of this piece, Permissive parenting, authoritarian parenting and authoritative parenting. (Baumrind’s 1971) permissive, authoritarian and authoritative typologies are currently widely used models of parenting styles..The use of parenting style is used to capture normal variations in parents ' attempts to
Hence, they tend to adopt and imitate such methods of disciplining the children. In addition, there are a total of four types of parenting styles in general including: Authoritarian, Authoritative, Permissive and Uninvolved/Neglectful (Morin, 2017). Characteristics and
This does not help them grow social skill or gain self-confidence. I think that the ability to communicate is something that many adults are not very good at. It is important for kids to learn how to express themselves and solicit the ideas of other starring at a young age. I think that despite small adaptations based on cultural norms, authoritative parenting is the most effective parenting
For authoritative, parents are usually responsive and the parents and their adolescents mutual trust and understanding and the adolescents’ personality is often more extraverted, conscientious and emotionally stable. For authoritarian, parents are often
Parents play a big role in a child’s life and contribute largely to the development of the children. How so? Each parent has his or her own methodology as to how they would raise their child, this is called parenting style. A developmental psychologist Diana Baurmrind studied parenting styles during the early 1960s. The four parenting styles she developed was based on the actions and behaviors of parents and how they affect child development, paying close attention to four important areas involving a parents ' warmth or nurturance, discipline strategy, communication skills, and expectations of maturity.
Report cards and a self-evaluation of individual academic performance compared to classmates were used to measure school performance. Information of demographics characteristics such as parent’s college education and employment was used for the study to compare how different cultures influence the parenting styles. The result from the study showed that even thought Asian parents tend to exercise authoritarian parenting style, their children school performance is generally good. Authoritarian parenting style was positively associated to academic achievement only for the Hong Kong students. While authoritative parenting style was positively associated with academic achievement for the
According to Kendra Cherry (2016), Permissive parenting is a type of parenting style characterized by low demands with high responsiveness. Permissive parents have a habit of to be very loving, yet provide few plans and rules. These parents do not expect mature behaviour from their children and often seem more like a friend than a parental symbol. Because there are few rules, expectations and demands, children raised by permissive parents tend to struggle with self-regulation and self-control. On the early thought, preschool-age children, developmental psychologist Diana Baumrind described three major parenting styles.