If the parents were extremely strict and never provided them with the required space, then the care givers would be open-minded, accepting, and somewhat liberal. If the parents never actually cared, then the care givers would be extremely nurturing and caring. They may pamper and spoil the child. There are two different combinations of parenting styles that parent use on their child. First one is complimentary parenting style where both the parents use same parenting style that is both mother and father follow same style .
While authoritarian parents are exceptionally strict and controlling, authoritative parents are much warmer and communicative. Authoritarian parents have a strong sense of justice and need for obedience, authoritative parents balance between the child’s desire for independence and obedience. This effects child's social behaviour. Studies have shown that children having authoritarian parents suffer from low self esteem and are generally unable to make their own decisions or even take a stand for
In comparison, peers start influence teenagers since they go to school and society. During this time, adolescents’ friendship becomes closer, deeper and more constant than ever before. The influence of peers in this time even take on greater important than parent’s. They provide safe venues where youth can explore their identities, where they can feel accepted and where they can develop a sense of belongingness (Guzman,?). Next, although both family and friends affects teenagers in term of originating personalities, there are still some significant differences.
The first dimension related to efficacious role played by parents to enhance honouring social norms, values and conventions which parents expect their children to adopt whereas the second dimension is the emotional ties between parents and their children (Dwairy et al., 2006; Power, 2013). Baumrind had identified three behavioural patterns in preschool children: firstly, was “assertive, self-reliant, self-controlled, buoyant, and affiliative”. Secondly, “discontented, withdrawn, and distrustful”. Thirdly, “little self-control or self-reliance, and retreat from novelty” (Baumrind, 1967; Power,
Kids are trained to conform starting at a very young age. Beginning with the expectation that their toddler will sleep through the night, parents have many things that they subconsciously require of their child (Hill 38). Various life events connect kids to different authorities whom they strive to please (Hill 38). A common phrase that many parents use to reprimand their children is “What will the neighbors think?”. This is the quintessence of authority-enforced conformity.
A well-known psychologist, Baumrind (1967, 1971) identified three main parenting styles which are used by parents mainly of preschool and older children. These parenting styles are named as follows: authoritarian parenting, authoritative parenting and permissive parenting. Parenting as by definition is considered to be an important element of several aspects of children 's outcome (Gadeyne, Ghesquiere, and Onghena, 2004). Everyone was brought up according to a certain parenting style or more than one parenting style. Parenting errors have an influence on a child’s behaviour especially during adolescence.
The authoritative parenting style, the better child development? ‘Parenting styles have consistently been shown to relate to various outcomes such as youth psychopathology, behavior problems, and academic performance’(E.,M.& R., 2009). Many people comment there is a close relationship between the parenting style and child personal behaviour. Parents are always our life coach. Especially for a primary school-age child, people always claim that parents are the role model of their kids.
With each kind of parenting, there are different pros and cons that either help or disrupt a child’s well-being (123 help me.com) Authoritarian Parenting are the parents who establish the rules and expect that their children will follow them without exception. The children have a little knowledge about solving a problem with their own self because they are just depending on their parent. Children are not given the reasons by their parents about the rules and there is only a little knowledge what is the rules all about. Authoritarian parents use punishments instead of consequences. Although children who grow up with authoritarian parents tend to follow rules much of the time, they could
According to Kendra Cherry (2016), Permissive parenting is a type of parenting style characterized by low demands with high responsiveness. Permissive parents have a habit of to be very loving, yet provide few plans and rules. These parents do not expect mature behaviour from their children and often seem more like a friend than a parental symbol. Because there are few rules, expectations and demands, children raised by permissive parents tend to struggle with self-regulation and self-control. On the early thought, preschool-age children, developmental psychologist Diana Baumrind described three major parenting styles.
Marcia (1980) also found that individuals described their relationship with their parents differently depending on the extent of their identity development. Achieved Identity individuals reported positive or ambivalent relationships while those with Moratorium individuals reported that their parents were disapproving and disappointed. Individuals who possess foreclosed Identity reported their parents loving and affectionate, but they felt pressure to conform to expectations. Diffused individuals reported feelings of rejection and detachment from their parents and that their parents misunderstood them. Thus, identity development appears to be related to parental control and the way in which adolescents perceive their parents controlling