If you have never had the opportunity to see the Parthenon in Greece and the Pantheon in Italy, it’s possible that the similarity of the names would lead you to believe that they are the same or, at least, almost identical. While it is true that certain elements of the buildings mirror each other, there are major differences in their structures and functions. The architecture of each reflects the cultural ideals of the times. After the Greeks overcame the Persian invasion, Athens became the head of all of the Greek city-states. During this period, the country enjoyed peace and great prosperity. In celebration of their military triumph, the Parthenon was built as a symbol of the city’s wealth and power. It was never used as a temple, however. …show more content…
(Cartwright, 2013). The perspective of the coffered ceiling and oculus in photographs gives the effect of the sun’s rays emanating from its center. The oculus can also be seen as the pupil of a great eye surrounded by its iris, implying god’s eye watching over all below, or the eye of the emperor surveying all he rules. Ancient Greeks and Romans worshipped the same gods, and their leaders traditionally built temples in in their honor. The art and architecture of the Parthenon and Pantheon were stellar symbols of their countries’ superior status in the world. While both had governments that allowed citizens to vote, the real power in Rome was in the hands of the emperor. That the emperor was considered a god is reflected in the celestial aspects of the Pantheon. However, Greek society was a democracy and the Parthenon’s frieze indicated that all citizens would participate in the governance of their country. Although the two buildings have features in common, the Parthenon was the result of the culture expressing their democratic ideals, while the Pantheon illuminates the ideals of the republic of the Roman Empire. They are both, however, outstanding examples of classical ancient
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Both the Louvre Pyramid as well as the Museum of Rock and Roll created by I.M. Pei share several similarities as well as differences that make them both similar but still unique in their own ways. An example of how the two pieces are similar would be the elements that they portray within their structures. However some differences the two pieces would have are the level of interactions the structures allow their audience to have within them. Therefore the two buildings share both similarities and differences.
The Pantheon and Brunelleschi 's Dome in Florence both share a common idea of the dome in ancient history. They were built and different times, the Pantheon and Brunelleschi 's Dome differ in both design and architecture. This paper is going to analyze the Pantheon in Rome and Brunelleschi 's Dome in terms of their constructional and design techniques, and their historical circumstances of the construction of them both. The Pantheon is one of the remaining and properly maintained buildings of the first century.
The Greeks developed techniques such as perspective and shading which were later adopted by Renaissance artists. Greek architecture, on the other hand, is best known for its use of columns and symmetry. Many of the world's most iconic buildings, such as the Parthenon, were inspired by Greek architecture. In the field of philosophy, the Greeks made significant contributions that continue to influence our thinking.
I chose these works of art because they had many similarities when I began to do my research. These two work of art should be compared because they have the same building structure and although they were
Both buildings are dedicated to our own version of a ruler. The Lincoln Memorial was dedicated to President Lincoln. The Parthenon was dedicated to the Greek Goddess Athena. Another thing they have in common is some of the
Greece and Rome, two ancient societies, both influenced many aspects of modern life. Their advancements were utilized in many later cultures. They influenced almost every part of today’s world, such as government, language, and architecture, as well as making scientific advancements. Also, the successes of these two civilizations lead to many countries modeling most of their public facilities and systems after the ones found in Greece and Rome. Ancient culture strongly influenced modern culture by means of language.
There are some interesting similarities and ironies in the two monuments like the incredible architecture and engineering, power being exhibited, and it is ironic because the huge stature of Nero that turned into to Solis was once called the colossus which was in turned used as name inspiration for the
And, the minority of people throughout the empire who were Roman citizens were intensely proud of this privilege. Strong political ideals and interests created some similarities between Greco- Roman society and the Confucian values of classical China, although the concept of active citizenship was distinctive in the Mediterranean cultures. However, Greece and Rome did not develop a single or cohesive set of political institutions to rival China's divinely sanctioned emperor or its elaborate bureaucracy. So in addition to political intensity and localism as characteristics of Mediterranean civilization, we must note great diversity in political forms.
The Romans had a system of indirect democracy where the people had the power to vote for representatives who would advocate for them on the state level. The Greeks had a government in which the people directly were involved in the governmental and legislative process. In addition, both systems were flawed in their representation of their people in their respective governments through neglecting a large portion of their population. Both societies did well to create term lengths to decrease the likelihood of corruption and abuse of power through creating accountability. However, the Greek democracy was a caliber above its counterpart.
All cities were close to water bodies while Rome was an inland nation and arranged on the banks of River Tiber. Talking about art of Greece and Rome, Greeks were thought to be better than that of Romans. One of the sculptures that Greece is known with is Venus de Milo. Romans were great at mosaic, wall painting and they were also known for creating realistic portraits.
The design of the Parthenon was reflection of the then current Grecian Empire. According to Silverman (n.d.), “the Parthenon represents the tangible and visible efflorescence of Athenian imperial power. It symbolizes the power and influence of the Athenian politician, Perikles, who championed its construction”. The style and function of the building being a reflection of the culture is reflected in the Orders of the design.
through 432 B.C while that of Pantheon was constructed much later in 126AD. The difference in the time of construction suggests the reason Pantheon building is looking more recent than the Parthenon building. The Parthenon building is located in Athens while Pantheon is located in Rome. The Column pillars of Parthenon was made of Doric and ironic order while Pantheon was built with Corinthians columns. Granite columns used in the Pantheon building were actually quarried in Egypt while the columns of Parthenon building were constructed in Athens with all the sculptural work of art (Moore, 2004; Silverman,
Built by the Greeks of Athens for their patron goddess Athena, The Parthenon was an enormous
The Forum of Trajan is a Roman example of axial planning because as you entered through its triumphal arch towards a statue of Trajan in the center, the surrounding structures were at opposite angles and lines, creating a clear sense of order and focus.  The complexity of this planning demonstrates the outlook and organization that went into any of the architecture in Rome and Athens.  While many citizens at the time did not appreciate (or may have not noticed) this visual architectural connection between Rome and Athens, the members of the elite who traveled, did especially the Roman Emperor Augustus. The cities of Rome and Athens became increasingly similar during the Augustan period and created a hybrid style that was influenced by Augustus. Though the exchange in architectural culture between these two cities was common there were subtle difference.
Two Authors, Two Books, Two Religions Nowadays, Greek and Roman mythology are considered fiction, but once upon a time they were known as very serious religions. Despite the similarities between the two, such as their gods, origins, and beliefs, they were known as enemies. They often fought over these similarities to argue which side was better. Not only was their conflict because of the resemblance to one another, they also clashed over differences such as their heroes and the characteristics of their gods. Knowing what makes them alike or what makes them different is a good way to understand the religion and also the way of life during the Greece and Roman times.