Therefore, through compare with Confucius and Plato’s idea, we can see there are some similarities in their concepts of philosophy and education. But contribute to the diversity of historical background and culture tradition, we can also see many differences of their thought, among which there are many sparkling points that is worth exploring. In this paper, we’ll study some of their famous pedagogy thought to explore what influences they have brought to the Chinese and westerners’ cognition and behavior and why the two civilizations developed in same period would diverge in such a degree. Furthermore, I
When the prisoners were released and finally able to turn their heads they quickly realised their mistakes. Plato’s point is that we put names and words to what we think is the physical object or item but in reality we are placing names on things we can’t see. Plato greatly influenced many great philosophical thinkers and philosophy after his death in 347. Platonism is any sort of philosophy that gains its inspiration by Plato and Plato greatly influenced early medieval philosophy and changed many ways of thinking. Medieval philosophy is the philosophy deriving from the medieval period or ‘middle ages’.
Confucius, Aristotle, and Lao-Tzu—all incredibly influential thinkers—did not always agree on how one ought to live; where Aristotle believed that thought or study led to virtue, Lao-Tzu placed focus on inaction, and Confucius taught that rituals paved the way to the best life. A few ideas, however, tie Confucius closer to Aristotle than to Lao-Tzu. Because Aristotle also placed importance on names, emphasized the need to find a mean of behavior, and believed that rulers should most critically be moral, Confucius would have preferred Aristotle to Lao-Tzu. Names—Aristotle utilizes them, even though he recognizes the difference between what exists in reality and the form represented by its name, while Lao-Tzu, on the other hand, maintains that names only serve to put limits on the named, and, in fact run the risk of creating opposites. According to Lao-Tzu, “Recognize beauty and ugliness is born.
Confucius lived in a period of time, which featured in Chinese history of philosophy "Hundred Schools of Thought". It is a period of time in Chinese history that philosophers, thinkers and the schools they were identified with flourished from the 6th century to 221 B.C., the year when the State of Qin united China under the First Emperor of China. One hallmark of their teachings, which were markedly different from the teachings of their contemporaries in Ancient Greek, was manifested in the fact that they were all attempting to provide practical and applicable solutions to the social and political crises they all were confronted with. For example, legalists promoted strict application of the law, arguing that punishments should be severe and definite so that the people will fear them. Confucius took a diametrically opposite approach from the legalists.
Scholars Aristotle and Confucius are both well-known people in history. Aristotle was an incredible Greek rationalist and researcher while Confucius was a Chinese government official, a savant, and an instructor. They both made huge commitments to ideals and morals. Their thoughtful works were comparable in nature, yet with some unique perspectives, thoughts, and points of view toward temperance. Their rationalities are still being used today.
Plato and Aristotle: 4th Century Philosophy The center of western philosophy belonged to the ancient Greeks. Europe was the midpoint for the nature of Greek philosophy. Therefore, if a person lived in a country established by Europeans, they knew about Greek Philosophy. In addition, those who knew about Greek Philosophy were familiar with the names of Plato and Aristotle. These guys were well known in Greek Philosophy.
Before modern philosophy, Plato wrote numerous important philosophical works during his lifetime, but some of the more important ones are his works involving Socrates. With these works, Plato touched upon important beliefs that seem clear-cut to us, but are much more complicated than believed. One of these beliefs involves the meaning and importance of knowledge. The topic of knowledge is important in his works Protagoras, Euthydemus, and Meno. There are three points he brings up involving proper knowledge: the importance of good teaching, the necessity of knowledge to do what is best in the world, and how virtue is a type of knowledge.
His ideas eventually became the basis for the Western philosophical tradition. Summary of Plato 's Works Plato wrote predominantly in the style of dialogues. The characters in his writings debate a particular subject and examine it from multiple perspectives. Scholars typically organize Plato 's works into three different eras: early, middle, and late. Plato 's earlier works tend to focus on lessons directly inherited from his teacher.
Both Plato and Aristotle are the most recognisable philosophers of the Classical Greek era as they were the first to have surviving and complete written works. Although Aristotle’s philosophies diverges largely from those of Plato’s, it is still important to account that this way of thinking would have never emerged if not for Plato, and before him Socrates, etc.… This can only be recognised as a result of that very first question that the first noted philosopher, Thales, inquired. As Philosophers begin to emerge, and new ideas contradicting the previous ones begin to develop, the never-ending chain of philosophy accounted by followers of philosophy and their predecessors will continue to flourish our very thought on life and its
WRITE ON PLATO’S THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE Plato was Born in Athens around the time 428 B.C. 'He was educated in philosophy, poetry and gymnastics by distinguished Athenian teachers including the philosopher Cratylus. ' However base on my understanding it was another Greek philosopher, name Socrates who would have more influence and inspiration on Plato 's thinking and writings, along with the times in which he lived. 'Plato in his writings explored justice, beauty and equality, his writings also contained discussions in aesthetics, political philosophy, theology, cosmology, epistemology and the philosophy of language. ' His most important writings called Dialogues touched upon almost every problem that had occupied philosophers in his time and even now in this present time.