Plato’s The Republic 1)Why, and how successfully, does Thrasymachus contend that rulers cannot make mistakes? In a dispute with Socrates, Thrasymachus states that the ruler is incapable of making mistakes. He insists that if the man is a master of their craft, if this does really know what they are doing, they will not do anything wrong. According to philosopher, the reasons why one makes mistakes is that they lack certain knowledge or experience.
In the book “The Crito,” by: Plato there is a dialogue that stands out to me and it is when Socrates says “Look now, Socrates, perhaps the laws would say, if what we say is true, what you are now attempting to do to us is not just. For we gave you birth, nurtured, educated you, giving share of everything which is beautiful to you and all the other citizens...” He emphasizes the laws by using personification. However, what I find interesting is that when he does this he goes in the more broader aspect not just by external meaning of what a person would see in which we see of people interpreting (e.g. Supreme Court Justices, state judges, and lawyers) but that he let law represent its own meaning. The second thing that stood out to me was the
For centuries, philosophers have provided us with a greater understanding of the world around us, providing suggestions as to how we might reflect upon, criticise, or improve the societies in which we live. This has allowed us to speculate on many topics, such as politics, ethics, and morality. Among many others, two of the most influential thinkers to this day are Nicolo Machiavelli and Immanuel Kant. Their writings, The Prince and An Answer to the Question “What is Enlightenment?” provide insight as to how societies should be ruled and set up in order for all people within them to be content.
Plato breaks the justification of knowledge down into two types of realms that show what can be known by reason and what can be known by the five senses. These realms, then divided into two other unequal parts based on their clarity and truthfulness, make up what is known as The Divided Line. By understanding The Divided Line we can fully grasp the differences between the perceptual, also known as becoming, realm and the conceptual, also known as being, realm. The perceptual realm is the opinions and beliefs of people or it can be known as the visible realm.
The differences between Greece in the time of Hesiod and Greece in the time of Plato are both immense and minute. On the one hand, Archaic Greece (Hesiod) was very much about the gods and religion whereas the Hellenistic Period (Plato) was more about philosophy and politics. On the other hand, Hesiod and Plato’s worlds are not that different. They both believe in the same gods, the same origin of the universe, and they operate in the same hemisphere in terms of belief and way of life. One important difference to note is the difference of their views toward gender and women.
There are two giants in the Axial Age of human history, Confucius and Plato, who are considered as the landmark in the oriental and western world. They are great philosophers, ideologists as well as excellent educators, whose thought have profound influence to the oriental and western world. Confucius’s ideas maintain authority for more than two thousand years, which have intimate connections with development of Chinese federal society. Even to this day, it still remains practical significance and reflects the glorious radiant. Plato’s doctrine is a source of Western political thought.
Introduction to Philosophy: Class Six • Plato’s Symposium is one of Plato’s most mature pieces and focuses on love. • Why do different languages/people/religions use a variety of words for love o Some words sound erotic to certain people o A lot of people disassociate physicality/sexuality from spirituality Plato believes physicality and sexuality are required to reach spirituality This is called an orgasmic view He thinks sex is the vehicle for spirituality • What moves us in life? o Pathos-
Plato an ancient Greek philosopher, whose philosophical work influenced the founding of western thought. Born in 427 B.C in the town of Athens, during the time of the Peloponnesian War Plato witness the collapse of Athenian democracy and emergence of an Oligarchy, establish by the Spartan. The repressive system of government was known as the “the thirty” the thirty were elected officials who managed all of Athens affairs. However, the end result of the thirty was repressive governing for the Athenian people who were accustom to democracy. This was one major event, that had a profound impact on Plato life, due to the unjust ruling placed upon the Athenian people, by 403 B.C democracy was restored once again and Plato had an interest in politics,
There are so many definitions and ways to define or describe the concept of paradigms. After research it has been found that the word ‘paradigm’ summed up in short means that it’s nothing more than a large number of habits and beliefs that are held by a group of people or an intangible indoctrination to thought processes that can explain our environment in the same context on that it was created. As I mentioned a paradigm is beliefs and habits held by people but these beliefs aren’t held by just one person but passed on and believed by generations. A paradigm is definitely a mental issue and has complete control over our behaviour and perception of things.
In Plato’s dialogue Republic, Book X, the main topic discussed is what type of republic would produce the best people and the best way of life. By having this written in dialogue format, readers are given the ability to think, with the speakers, about these ideas being put forth. The main idea Socrates discusses and believes in is that art should be banned from the republic because it’s imagery is imitated, unreal, and by the end of the dialogue he calls it out to be the works of wizards. To understand Socrates ideas of this topic, we must first understand the classification of objects and producers. According to him, the three types of producers are gods, craftspeople, and imitators (artists).