John Smith was the leader of Jamestown. William Bradford was the leader of the Plymouth Plantation. Both colonies are very similar but very different and it is very interesting to see how they differentiate. The Plymouth Plantation was a group of people that came over to America from Great Britain to have freedom of religion. They believed that everything that has been happening was already destined by god.
In “A Plea for Religious Liberty”, he explains how the Puritan’s uniformity would end in destruction (F). Nathanial Ward explains exactly how many Puritans thought in “The Simple Cobbler of Aggawam” (G). However, they did not have the best relationship with the neighboring Indians. William Bradford wrote a detailed account of the colonist’s attack on the Pequot’s Mystic River village, probably wanting to remember the sweet victory they had upon the Indians (D). A spiritual revival also occurred within the colony, focused mainly among the third- and fourth-generation Puritans.
The arrival of these white, christian-proclaimed travelers led to much turmoil in the Americas. Much of what they preached amongst themselves, as well as to their “red brothers”, was not represented in their actions. Red Jacket, a Native American and member of the Seneca tribe, recognized this contrast in his new European neighbors. His speech directed to Jacob Cram at the beginning
These macho explorers were greedy and ruthless. Their treatment of the native people is something that cannot be overlooked, no matter how beneficial exploration was. The New World was not a great place to be when the start of exploration began. The Native people living there in the late 1400s and 1500s were more mistreated by European explorers than most people care to know. As Christopher Columbus mentions in his letter to the treasurer of the King of Spain, the Natives were ready to be converted to Christianity.
The Middle Colonies, on the other hand, were ruled by British monarchs until Pennsylvania is built. People could vote and form part of the office but they had to be Christians in order to do so. Gratefully, taxes were not enforced as much. When Penn is in charge, he develops a colonial council made of tax-paying landowners. These would create laws and take over the government, the idea of veto is presented.
They were part of the Anglican religion. Those in Massachusetts were puritans and looking for a place where they would be free from religious persecution. Wealthy people who could afford the boat journey and did not have to become indentured slaves went for a more settled life. In 1616 John Rolfe imported tobacco seeds to Virginia, as the plants needed long and hot humid seasons. The first people who were granted the right of possessing land authorized the people to cultivate worn out land and grow better crops, as tobacco depletes minerals and nutrients from the ground.
Edmund S. Morgan believes the Virginia colony was a disaster due to the lazy and stubborn minded English settlers. Morgan does not view Virginia as a successful colony. The English had an interesting relationship with the Indians during their century-long settlement battle. When first arriving the English had announced their guardianship toward the Indians. Their civilized relationship allowed the English to buy corn from the Indians.
The imperial medical model was different than what the Native Americans were used to because it was based on science considering that they utilized medications and vaccinations and it caused the Native Americans to suffer immensely [Lecture 1/23]. Native Americans grew extremely desperate for these vaccinations, specifically for smallpox since the destruction the disease caused was so immense. For example, the desperation is illustrated in an entry of James Pattie’s journal as he recalls himself and fellow prisoner being asked if they had a vaccine [Pattie 1]. This desperation caused Native Americans to be taken advantage of by white settlers. For example many of the medical benefits treaties required the Native Americans to surrender their land in order for vaccinations [Lecture 1/23].
The people on the Mayflower were plagued by disease and weariness with many dying in the colony due to lack of clean drinking water and the low supplies of food. The Native Americans recognized the suffering of the colonists and offered them help in the establishing of their colony if they agreed to a few terms that were focused on not bringing war and injury to the Native Americans. The rocky soil of Massachusetts was not suitable for the planting of many crops, however the Native Americans understood how to plant corn in the soil of Massachusetts, so they shared this knowledge in order to give the colonists of Plymouth the agricultural production necessary to build a sustainable colony. Squanto showed the colonists where the most bountiful places to capture fish in order to supplement their corn diet with a protein along with using the fish as a fertilizer by burying the fish corpses in the rocky soil then planting the corn near to the fish in the newly
Being the first two well-known places in which the English would set out to colonize in 1607 and 1620, Jamestown, Virginia and Plymouth, Massachusetts hold very separate set of beliefs, standards, and outlooks on life then and the future to come. While paving the way for things such as slavery, taxes, ownership of land, inclusion of women, tobacco and government assemblies, John Smith and the people of Jamestown became a classical foundation for new life and economic growth for the new world that is, the United States. On the other hand, William Bradford and his people began to realize the intentions of the Church of England were unholy and had strayed away from God’s teachings from the Bible. With this in mind, the Pilgrims set on a voyage to the new world to seek religious freedom. As we know it, the Pilgrims sought for peace and a new way of living that was fair, just and free from religious corruptions.
Before Virginia was subdivided in 1632, the primary governing body in the colony was the Virginia House of Burgesses. After King Charles I split the region, an assembly developed in the new proprietary colony, Maryland. However the rich Catholics of the region were heavily outnumbered by Protestant farmers, so Cecil Calvert pushed the assembly for a bill that would give religious freedom to all Christians, otherwise known as the Act of Toleration. Although it was repealed after a short civil war, it represented another difference in society from New England, in which any religion other
Because Puritans faced countless persecutions in England, many fled to Holland. In 1620, fearing that they would lose their identity as English Protestants, a small group set out for the New World in hopes of building a new society based on the Word of God. Convictions of the Puritans helped shaped the American character. Such convictions included moral, ethical, and religious. There were approximately twenty thousand English Puritans in New England by 1640.
Economy: In order for the colony to be stable, a crop that could be exported for profit and fuel needed to be grown. In this instance the crop was tobacco. Predominant Religious Beliefs and Practices: Virginians worshiped in the Anglican Church, which was supported by tax dollars. Virginians did not tolerate to non-Christian religions, also white women were primarily guardians. Ethnic Makeup of the Colony:There were three main groups of colonists arriving in colonies before 1699.
In the end the war caused hundreds of Indians and colonist deaths and towns and villages destroyed. One of the worst attacks was Bacon 's rebellion. About a thousand Virginians broke out of control in 1676 led by Nathaniel Bacon. They resented Berkeley 's friendly policies toward indians (Document B). Chaos swept over the Indians and the rebellion.
The New England colonies include Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Connecticut. The first settlers that came into the New England colonies were the Puritans who wanted to practice religious freedom. Unfortunately, most of these colonies are not tolerant of other religions. The self-government economy is based on religious beliefs. Finally, the colonies rely on fishing and shipbuilding since the soil and long winters are unsuitable for farming.