Being the first two well-known places in which the English would set out to colonize in 1607 and 1620, Jamestown, Virginia and Plymouth, Massachusetts hold very separate set of beliefs, standards, and outlooks on life then and the future to come. While paving the way for things such as slavery, taxes, ownership of land, inclusion of women, tobacco and government assemblies, John Smith and the people of Jamestown became a classical foundation for new life and economic growth for the new world that is, the United States. On the other hand, William Bradford and his people began to realize the intentions of the Church of England were unholy and had strayed away from God’s teachings from the Bible. With this in mind, the Pilgrims set on a voyage to the new world to seek religious freedom. As we know it, the Pilgrims sought for peace and a new way of living that was fair, just and free from religious corruptions.
Jamestown vs Plymouth To begin with, Jamestown was one of the aboriginal colonies that was founded. Jamestown is positioned in Virginia. John Smith was an English adventurer and soldier, he was additionally one of the generators of Jamestown. Plymouth is an English colony and this was stationed in Massachusetts. William Bradford was an English Puritan.
In the early 1600s, Jamestown and Plymouth were the first permanent English and Puritan settlement that were established in the New World. The Virginia Company had sent four boys and 100 men to the New World on 3 ships to spread Christianity to the Natives and seek treasures for England. After 5 months of traveling, these 3 ships entered Chesapeake Bay. The colonists had established Jamestown which was named after their king in England. Another colony named Plymouth, was established a little over a decade later by the Pilgrims. The Pilgrims sailed to the New World on a ship named the Mayflower to mainly escape religious persecution. Eventually, their ship landed in Massachusetts at a place these colonists named Plymouth. These two colonies
Although all the colonists all came from England, the community development, purpose, and societal make-up caused a distinct difference between two distinct societies in New England and the Chesapeake region. The distinctions were obvious, whether it be the volume of religious drive, the need or lack of community, families versus single settlers, the decision on minimal wage, whether or not articles of agreements were drawn for and titles as well as other social matters were drawn, as well as where loyalties lay in leaders. New England was, overall, more religious than the Chesapeake region. Settlers in New England were searching relief for religious persecution in Europe. Puritans, Quakers, and Catholics were coming in droves to America searching for an opportunity to have religious freedom.
Jamestown and Plymouth were the first two successful English on the north side. In this essay will be talking about Jamestown and Plymouth, the ones that made history. That’s why we are talking about them right now or any day. Jamestown was established in 1607 and Plymouth in 1620. These two colonies were different, yet had a number striking similarities in government's, reasons for settlements, and differing economic activities.
This journal, “Of Plymouth Plantation”, which was from Norton Anthology of American Literature, Vol. 1, written by William Bradford between 1630 and 1651, and edited by Samuel Eliot Morison in 1953, describes the story of the pilgrims who sailed from Southampton, England, on the Mayflower and settled in Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1620. Those pilgrims were English Christians in the 16th and 17th centuries and religious separatists who saw no hope of reforming the Church of England from within; therefore, they hoped to separate from the Church of England and form independent local churches in another place. In order to , those pilgrims overcame many obstacles. The author had used the power of rhetoric, especially in the use of the three rhetorical
They were puritans who were constrained by English laws and customs and sought a new place to freely practice religion how they wanted. With no King James there in America to restrict them, the colonists were free to do this. Church was the most revered part of society there in Plymouth. “The important thing was their spiritual life,” and they continued to keep close ties with their minister in Leiden John Robinson until his death. After his death “a profound sense of sadness settled over the Plymouth church.”.
The, “Freedom from religious persecution motivated the Pilgrims to leave England...and settle in the New World.” [nps.gov]. The settlers did not agree with what the English government made them believe in. They wanted to have independence religiously, with a say, and the only place for this was the Massachusetts colony in the New World. In the colony, the settlers had the ability to believe what they wanted to in harmony without
Life in Colonial America was different for all those involved, which were the settlers of Jamestown, Plymouth, and Massachusetts Bay colony.. Jamestown, Plymouth, and Massachusetts Bay had similarities and differences. They each had their own unique leaders, form of government, economics, and ways of life, although all the settlers in these colonies had a deep dependence on God. Jamestown was the first permanent settlement in North America, founded in 1607.
Evidence shows that the Puritans had politically influenced their colonies with their religious values. In the New World, a group of Puritans established the Massachusetts Bay Colony. There, the Puritans would create a government that would revolve around their covenant with God. On the way to the New World, John Winthrop, governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, led a sermon, titled “A Model of Christian Charity”, about Puritan ideals (Winthrop). As well as determining Puritan ideals, the sermon urges colonists to unite as a “city on a hill” for others to look up to (Winthrop).
Coming from the same domicile. Living amongst each other trying to decide how can they remain neighbors and still live comfortable. Unfortunately the Pilgrims and Puritans couldn’t come up with the solution to the problem. Having to deal with the same oppression together by King James and his followers should have brought them closer but instead the pilgrims and puritans had their old engender. Both wanted to seek freedom. The different in between the two was the way they thought of Christianity. They both had strong beliefs in the way a Christian should live and act. Puritans set out to make the Religion stricter and more purity than before. While the Pilgrims thought it was too strict and wanted to let loose of some of things they felt was not necessary as a Christian. So they both sought out of England in search of a new Life and new beginning.
Thomas Morton’s account New England was different from William Bradford’s account because he thought that the Native Americans were great compared to the Puritans who lived close by. Morton speaks of the Puritans using satire in his literary work New English Canaan. He built the Maypole in spite of them because he knew that this would make them angry: “And upon Mayday they brought the Maypole to the place appointed, with drumes, gunnes, pistols and other fitting instruments… The setting up of this Maypole was a lamentable spectacle to the precise separatists, that lived at new Plimmouth” (372). Thomas Morton’s Anglican religious views counter with William Bradfords Puritan views for New England and because of Morton’s actions and beliefs, he was kicked out of New England and sent back to England to be imprisoned.
The arrival of the first Europeans in the Americas is dramatically captured through the many writers who attempted to communicate what they saw, experienced and felt. What is more, the very purposes of their treacherous travel and colonization are clearly seen in their writings; whether it is poetry, history or sermons. Of the many literary pieces available today, William Bradford and John Winthrop’s writings, even though vary because the first is a historical account and the second is a sermon, stand out as presenting a clear trust in God, the rules that would govern them and the reason they have arrived in the Americas. First of all, William Bradford provides an in-depth look into the first moment when the Puritans arrived in the Americas. In fact, he chronicles the hardships they face on their way to Plymouth, yet he includes God’s provision every step of the way.
Pilgrims and puritans began a journey to a new land in search for religious freedom, and a fresh start to a brighter future. Both searched for a change to colonize their families, spread and develop their own beliefs of worship, and create a foundation to combine the wealth of opportunity and worship together without the strong influence of England. The geographical change would be the first challenge for the pilgrims and puritans. England held both parties until word of opportunity began to spread like wildfire.
At the time Bradford was in charge of giving plots of land and assigning it to the pilgrims. On the first winter that the Pilgrims had many of them died including the first governor of Plymouth and with the death of the governor the pilgrims wanted Bradford to become the next governor( Christensen). In the responsibility that Bradford already had he decided to add more to his list of things to do. When Bradford was governor he kept peace between the pilgrims and the Native American group Wampanoags so that there wouldn’t be any trouble between them. Than nearing the end of his life Bradford told the people around him that he was going to pass and go on soon and to the surprise to them he was correct and died the following day on May 9, 1657 at the ripe age of sixty-eight (Johnson) and was buried at Plymouth Burial Hill (Christensen).