Sallust, a highly regarded Roman historian, commented that “…fear of its enemies preserved the food morals of the state, but when the people were relived of this fear, the favourite vices of prosperity-licence and pride-appeared as a natural consequence”. This is corroborated by Florus, a criticized Roman historian and poet “The next hundred years were unhappy and deplorable because of internal calamities. The resources and wealth gained in our conquests spoiled the morals of the age and ruined the state, which was engulfed in its own vices as in a common sewer”. Both Sallust and Florus explain how Tiberius’ death caused the senate to resort to violence in order to keep their power. Consequently, the peace in Rome was disturbed and eventually led to the fall of Rome.
They knew that in order to do this they needed to have many resources and well located land so that they were successful in trade. The first Punic war took place during the span of 264- 241 BCE and is primarily known as the fight for Sicily.(Pugno) Carthage wanted to have control of Sicily because the location of the island held potential to be a great trade power. Carthage had already been in war with the people of Sicily before the Romans involved themselves.
In the verbal presentation “Hannibal and His Secret Weapon,” by Dr. Patrick Hunt, he explains the incredible life of Hannibal, a famous carthaginian war general, focusing specifically on how he used his small force of men and his environment to his advantage. The presentation starts off talking about how after Hannibal swore to eternally hate Rome on a living sacrifice, his father was killed in an avalanche on an expedition in search of gold. After this, the Carthaginians pronounced Hannibal their new war general, because his father was the previous one and they recognize his military genius. Next, Hannibal decides to embark on his quest to take back Rome. In a brilliant move, he takes a path through the Alps to sneak up on the Romans where
What were Brutus and Cassius' Motivation for Conspiracy? Brutus and Cassius murder Caesar and begin a conspiracy against his leadership of Rome for both selfish and selfless reasons, Brutus being the selfless one and Cassius the selfish. In William Shakespeare's play Julius Caesar there is a variety of conspiracy, war and destruction of friends and colleagues. Marcus Brutus and Gais Cassius conspire against Julius Caesar the current leader and proposed tyrant of Rome.
The Impact of the Punic wars on the Roman military "Caecilius Metellus fought successfully against the Carthaginians [commanded by Hasdrubal] and organized a spectacular triumph, in which 13 enemy leaders and 120 elephants were to be seen"(Livy). The Punic wars had a positive impact on Roman empire and their military by making them change the way the prepare and organize for war, which caused them to have many victories, and their war draft. As a result of the Punic Wars the way that the Romans would organize and prepare for war changed. "The Roman navy was traditionally considered less important, although ships were vital for the transportation of supplies and troops they had not developed an offensive naval capability. When Rome and
In History of Rome, Livy discusses the Punic Wars. In 218BC, Hannibal and the Carthaginians enter Italy in the hopes of taking Rome for themselves. In response, Rome elected Servilius and Flaminius as consuls to fight against Hannibal, and they were each given power over their own army to combat him. In order to gain knowledge of his enemy, Hannibal sends out scouts, who return with the knowledge that Flaminius has an “overbearing temper,” which he would use to his advantage by trying to anger Flaminius.1 The use of scouts is something Sun Tzu would have encourages, and he says “The end and aim of spying in all its five varieties is knowledge of the enemy,” because knowing the enemy is essential to winning a battle.2 Hannibal used the knowledge
As a writer at Gladiators Monthly, I am examining the historical accuracy of the movie Gladiator. There are aspects of Gladiator that do and do not hold true to the historical accuracy of the Romans under Commodus. This essay will show how the depiction of Commodus has both accurate and inaccurate qualities, while the portrayal of the Roman crowd determining the fate of the gladiators is quite accurate. In reality, Commodus did not kill his father, Marcus Aurelius, nor did he reign for such a short period of time.
Justin West Pror. Boardman Ch 201 10/16/14 Making History Tacitus and Livy, these two great historians both wrote during the time of the Roman Empires decline. While both Tacitus and Livys’ ways of writing history are very similar in several ways, the way that Levy wrote history was quite different from the way that Tacitus wrote history. While they both share a few common thoughts, like the superiority of Roman values, their perceptions of Rome differ.
One thing we should know about the Second Punic War is that this war was to a considerable extent initiated by Carthage at Saguntum in Spain and is marked by Hannibal's surprising overland journey and his costly crossing of the Alps, followed by his reinforcement by Gallic
Firstly, the issue noted above that we do not know the order of the Parallel Lives, makes interpretation difficult because we therefore can’t understand how Plutarch’s themes developed and interacted with each other throughout the entire series. This is an issue in Life of Marius because of how singularly negative Plutarch is about Marius, to the point where it has been noted as his most critical work on any character. Secondly, the genre of biography itself and its focus on character rather than fact, inherently suggests that Plutarch may exaggerate some events and omit others, in order to communicate his lessons on morality. For example, Plutarch is far more descriptive of political events in which Marius can be portrayed as immoral and ambitious. However, he says little on the political platform on which Marius ran for consulship, and downplays the political acumen Marius, as a novus homo, or even if he had been nobilis, must have had to gain consulship for 6 straight years.
In this essay, we will look at the causes of the outbreak of Civil War in Rome in 49BC and the reason why Julius Caesar was greatly responsible for it. Although it is clear that Caesar was the main cause of the Civil War, we must not neglect to mention other factors which contributed to it. As such, we will consider whether Caesar’s refusal to give up his armies, the actions of the optimates against the populares or fear of prosecution, led to the war. This essay is, therefore, only concerned with the events leading up to the war and not the specifics of the war itself.
The composition and the governing structure of the Roman republic was not uniform throughout its existence, but some of the fundamental elements of its government came into being in the immediate aftermath of the monarchy’s collapse. Therefore, it is unsurprising that many of these institutions were created in reaction to the monarchy and its failures, and thus were shaped by this relationship. For example, the fundamental opposition to monarchy and the rule of kings that came with the experience of the Kingdom of Rome, remained quite strong in the Roman mindset throughout the existence of the Republic and into the beginnings of the Roman Empire, and its influence can be seen throughout Roman political discourse especially in the discussion
Correspondingly, a third source that similarly discredits the conventional awareness of Augustus is The Lives of the Twelve Caesars provided by Suetonius as it portrays Augustus as being, to a certain extent, paranoid, manipulative, strategic and immoral. This is mostly unequivocal when Suetonius reinterprets an encounter between Augustus and a Roman Knight as he incurred detestation through many acts. However, Suetonius pays unmistakable consecration to this incident as when, “…a Roman knight was taking notes, he ordered that he be stabbed on the spot, thinking him an eavesdropper and a spy. Augustus, suspecting that he had a sword concealed there, did not dare to make a search on the spot for fear it should turn out to be something else and though he made no confession, ordered his execution, first tearing out the man's eyes with his own hand. ” This piece of material of him murdering a Roman knight, due to alleged eavesdropping, is a primary case in point of how
Conclusion The three Punic Wars between Carthage and Rome lasted over a century, beginning in 264 BC and ending with the destruction of Carthage in 146 BC. Rome was the dominant power throughout the Italian peninsula, while Carthage was the leading maritime power in the world. By defeating Carthage in the Punic Wars, Rome turned Africa into a province of its