The teacher’s goal in an experiential learning classroom is to encourage and work in partnership with children. They attentively and cautiously prepare the classroom environment as an instructional tool supporting the curriculum and reflecting respect for children (2002, Edwards). Teachers do not have specific scope or sequence to follow but an intentional progress for children as per the curriculum. It’s entirely child centered and is led by their interests. Children are immersed in a language rich environment.
Children learn best through experiences of interacting with objects, people and events around them. Hence, the environment around them needs to be visually stimulating with resources for the children to discover. The High Scope and Reggio Emilia approaches may agree on providing an enriching environment for the children, but the setting in both approaches are vastly different. As mentioned early, the Reggio Emilia approach emphasizes that the environment is the “third teacher”. The setting has to be visually inspiring for both the teachers and children and homely to create a comfortable and secure atmosphere for the children to learn life lessons.
It is believed that ‘’Teacher is the best role model to students’’ There are some great ideas about social skill activities that an educator can do with pre-schooler to help him/her learn how to setup and maintain reciprocal actions with other children. Teach the skill to say ‘’Hi’ ’When he/she meets someone new. Practice the skill and use the skill in real life. The teacher can the child outside the school. The educator has to remind the child that he will need to say ‘Hi’’ when he meets a new child.
As the Child flows into Primary education, we can introduce the special needs assiatant.The special needs assistant is an invaluable resource for the child who needs a little extra help to get through the school day. The special needs assistant has responbilitly for assisting the child while the teacher takes full responsibility for the direction and content of the child’s learning. The role of the special needs assistant can also be valuable for initiating relationship and other social structures and encouraging a positive environment following into Secondary Education. Adults with Down's syndrome can take Further education and can also gain employment. Many young adults with Down's syndrome pursue further education.
Pedagogy is a belief that all children can learn and that it is the duty of the adult to participate in that growth and development, pedagogy determines how teachers think and act and how this affects student’s lives and expectations. It is the framework for discussions about teaching and the process by which teachers do their jobs. (Lang 2005 pg 54) Pedagogy is a method that is used to lead people to a place where they can learn on their own accord. Pedagogy creates appropriate environments and situations which will allow individuals to feel comfortable enough to work and learn and progress through education to the best of their ability. Many people will agree that everyone needs an education to adjust into society there have been many debates
Cooperative learning model is an active process where students work in small teams/groups, each with students of different levels of ability, use a variety of learning activities to improve their understanding of a subject. Students have opportunities to actively participate in their learning, question and challenge each other, share and discuss their ideas, and adopt their learning. Ross and Smyth (1995) describe successful cooperative learning tasks as intellectually demanding, creative, open-ended, and involve higher order thinking tasks. In this model, it is essential to create a positive climate where interpersonal skills can be promoted so that positive emotions will be fostered among learners. Cooperative learning also helps the learners to feel empowered and respected to prepare them to face real
Aistear in the classroom can act as a reinforcement for what children have learned during lessons, using play as a learning support tool to enhance the child’s learning experience. Although Aistear and the PSC are aimed at varying age groups, their aims are pretty similar. ‘to enable children to meet, with self-confidence and assurance, the demands of life, both now and in the future’ (PSC, Introduction, p. 6). ‘To enable children to grow and develop as competent and confident learners within loving relationships with others’ (Principles and Themes, p. 6). Both the Primary School Curriculum and the Aistear documents aim to ensure children gain confidence as learners and to develop
Thompson’s notion of the ‘virtual schoolbag’ is an important one for educators to know. Why? Thompson’s theory of the ‘virtual schoolbag’ provides educators with an invaluable metaphor for the unique experiences, knowledge, talents, interests, challenges and difficulties that each student brings with them to school every day. Children from some socio-cultural backgrounds naturally feel more comfortable than others in the school environment (Thompson, 2002, p.5), the ‘virtual schoolbag’ highlights this disparity and can assist educators to enact a more relevant curriculum, in an environment that feels more inclusive to everyone. Diversity must be celebrated alongside similarities in order to provide all children with truly equal opportunities to learn.
The developmental characteristics of middle school students make cooperative learning a good fit of teaching strategy for the needs of the students. Young adolescents need to socialize, be a part of a group, share feelings, receive emotional support, and learn to see things from other perspectives. Cooperative learning has been linked to other positive social or affective outcomes. One benefit is the increase in social skills of students who participate in group work (Whicker et al., 1997). These skills can help students perform in situations outside of the school setting.
Classroom management is one of the most important topics that the teacher should know and understand. It is the satisfaction and enjoyment in teaching which leads students to cooperate. For teachers to be effective and professional, they should follow different strategies and techniques in order to provide safe, comfortable learning environment for students. First of all, professional teachers should love children and show care for them with their heart so that they can enjoy teaching because teachers should not expect that the learners are having fun if they themselves (teachers) are not having fun with them! For instant, if teachers just read the directions out of a book, it's ineffective.